A School Grammar of Attic Greek

Thomas Dwight Goodell

COMPLEX SENTENCES/ Ὅς and Ὅστις Clauses

617. In place of a subjunctive or optative in ὅς clauses one could in any instance use the indicative. This merely left unexpressed (except by the context, which is usually enough, as in English) the suggestion conveyed by the other modes:

Ἅ μὴ οἶδα, οὐδὲ οἴομαι εἰδέναι.
What I do not know, neither do I think I know. (Here μή shows that the expression is general— whatever, at any time, I do not know.)
Plato Apology 21d


Oὐδʼ ἔνι φροντίδος ἔγχος ᾧ τις ἀλέξεται.
Nor is there any weapon of thought wherewith to defend (wherewith one shall defend).
Soph. Oedipus the King 170-171


Παρόν μοι μὴ θανεῖν ὑπὲρ σέθεν, ἀλλʼ ἄνδρα σχεῖν Θεσσάλων ὃν ἤθελον
though it was in my power not to die for you, but to get as husband whom I would of the Thessalians. (Alkestis had no one man in mind; the expression is general.)
Eur. Alcestis 284-185


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