A School Grammar of Attic Greek

Thomas Dwight Goodell

SIMPLE SENTENCES/ Participles

590. In effect the Genitive Absolute is an abbreviated adverbial clause, of time, cause, condition, concession, or merely of attendant circumstance. These relations are not stated, but only implied in the context; often one can not say which of two or more relations is more prominent:

Tούτων λεχθέντων ἀνέστησαν.
This said, they rose.
Xen. Anabasis 3.3.1

 

οὐδὲν τῶν δεόντων ποιούντων ῡ̔μῶν κακῶς τὰ πρᾱ́γματα ἔχει.
Affairs are in a bad way while (because?) you are doing nothing of what you should.
Demosthenes 4.2

 

καὶ μεταπεμπομένου αὐτοῦ οὐκ ἐθέλω ἐλθεῖν.
Even though he is sending for me, I am unwilling to go.
Xen. Anabasis 1.3.10

 

a. The Participle may stand alone in the genitive absolute when the noun or pronoun is readily supplied from the context:

Ἐντεῦθεν προϊόντων ἐφαίνετο ἴχνια ἵππων.
as they went on from there, tracks of horses appeared.
Xen. Anabasis 1.6.1

 

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