A School Grammar of Attic Greek

Thomas Dwight Goodell

SIMPLE SENTENCES/ Infinitives

562. The Infinitive is a verbal noun whose range of use has been much enlarged. Originally a to or for dative, it retains that force in some of the most common constructions (565, 566); the others are developed from this, but the connection is not always clear. The English infinitive with to is in many uses closely parallel.

a. As a verb, the Infinitive has voice and tense, though it does not distinguish person or number; it may take a subject in the accusative, and an object (accusative, genitive, or dative), like the rest of the verb to which it belongs; it is modified by adverbs and particles, including ἄν.
As a noun it may in some uses take the article (neuter) and so be marked as having a noun construction in any case but the vocative.

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