A School Grammar of Attic Greek

Thomas Dwight Goodell

SIMPLE SENTENCES/ Nouns: The Cases

The Dative

519. Three cases, once distinct, are blended in the Greek Dative. These are

  1. The true Dative, the To or For case,
  2. The Instrumental (or Sociative), the With or By case,
  3. The Locative, the At or In case.

The English prepositions to andfor, with and by, at and in, cover fairly the three sets of uses; but there are many differences of idiom.
The dative is used mostly with verbs and adjectives, but also with nouns, adverbs, and prepositions.

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