A School Grammar of Attic Greek

Thomas Dwight Goodell

SIMPLE SENTENCES/ Imperative Sentences

484. The Imperative presents an act as willed. It has many shades of meaning, as of command, prohibition, request, wish, supposition, assent, submission. (Negative μῆ.)

The tenses differ as in the subjunctive and optative (475, 483).

Ἀλλά νιν κομίζετʼ εἴσω, δμῶες.
But take her within, slaves.
Soph. Antigone 577-578

 

χαῖρε, χαίρετε.
Rejoice, farewell.

θάρσει.
Have courage.

ἰόντων.
Let them go.
Xen. Anabasis 1.4.8

 

μηδεὶς ῡ̔μῶν λεγέτω.
Let no one of you speak.
Xen. Anabasis 1.3.15

 

ἔστω.
So be it.

In ἴτω ὡς τῷ θεῷ φίλον, the ὡς clause marks ἴτω as a humble acceptance of divine ordering— Let it go as God will.

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