A School Grammar of Attic Greek

Thomas Dwight Goodell

SIMPLE SENTENCES/ Subjunctive Sentences

471. The Subjunctive is used to ask what action, or whether some particular action, is likely, advisable, or desired. (Dubitative; negative μή.) Such questions are often exclamatory, calling for no answer.

a. In the first person:

Τί πάθω;
What shall I experience? What will happen to me? (Frequent, in many shades of meaning.)

ἀμπλάκω τοῦ σοῦ μόρου;
Am I to fail of your fate?
Soph. Antigone 554

 

τί φῶμεν πρὸς ταῦτα; ἄλλο τι ἢ ὁμολογῶμεν;
What shall we say to this? Anything else than to agree? (Shall we not agree?)
Plato Crito 52d

 

τί δᾱ́ρσω; δεύτερον ληφθῶ κακός;
What shall I do? Shall I be caught in wrong again?
Soph. Philoctetes 908

 

πῶς λιπόναυς γένωμαι;
How can I desert the fleet?
Aesch. Agamemnon 212

 

μὴ ἀποκρῑ́νωμαι, ἀλλʼ ἕτερον εἴπω;
Shall I make no reply, but say something else?
Plato Republic 337b

 

ἀλλὰ δὴ φυγῆς τῑμήσωμαι;
Shall I then propose the penalty of exile? (Cp. τίνος ἀντιτῑμήσομαι; Apology 36b, the future indicative in the same sense.)
Plato Apology 37c

 

b. In the third person:

Ποῖ τις οὖν φύγῃ; ποῖ μολὼν μενῶ;
Whither shall one flee? Where shall I go and abide?
Soph. Ajax 403-404

 

εἶτα ταῦτʼ οὗτοι πεισθῶσιν ὑπὲρ αὑτῶν σε ποιεῖν;
This, then, are these people to believe you are doing for them?
Demosthenes 22.64

 

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