A School Grammar of Attic Greek

Thomas Dwight Goodell

WORD-FORMATION/ Derivation: Denominative Adjectives

424. The suffix -ιο, feminine -ιᾱ, nominative -ιος, (-ιᾱ,) -ιον, is most widely used to form adjectives from noun-stems. A final stem-vowel contracts with ι, or it may be changed or dropt. The meaning of the suffix is vague, pertaining to the noun, in some way which the noun or the context makes clear:

δίκαιος just, right δίκη justice, right
(δικᾱ-)
ἀρχαῖος ancient ἀρχή beginning
(ἀρχᾱ-)
ἀγοραῖος of the market ἀγορᾱ́ market
βασίλειος royal, the kingʼs
(27)
βασιλεύ-ς king
Tελαμών-ιος of Telamon Tελαμών Telamon
σωτήρ-ιος saving, of safety σωτήρ savior
οἰκεῖος domestic, oneʼs own οἶκο-ς house, property
ἄγρ-ος wild ἀγρό-ς field
πολέμ-ιος hostile πόλεμο-ς war
Κορίνθ-ιος Corinthian Κόρινθος Corinth
Μῑλήσ-ιος Milesian
(46)
Μῑ́λητος Miletos
αἰδοῖος revered αἰδώς respect, reverence
(129)
a. In some adjectives the suffix appears to be -ειο, nom. -ειος:
γυναικ-εῖος of women γύνη woman
(γυναικ-)

XML File