A School Grammar of Attic Greek

Thomas Dwight Goodell

WORD-FORMATION/ Derivation

400. a. The shifting of vowels described in 25 and 26 is frequent in derivation, as in declension and conjugation.

b. As in conjugation (cp. 322 and a) a σ, of uncertain origin, is sometimes added to a verb-stem before a suffix. So also θ in στα-θ-μός station from στα- stand, and in ῥυ-θ-μός rhythm from ῥέω (ῥυ-) flow.

c. A final stem-vowel and the vowel of a suffix often contract.

d. A final vowel of a stem is sometimes dropt before a vowel.

e. The consonant changes described in 45-55 are made, as in conjugation (341, 345).

f. A final consonant is sometimes dropt before the ending.

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