A School Grammar of Attic Greek

Thomas Dwight Goodell

VERBS/Irregular And Defective Μι-Verbs

Middle and Passive Forms with Peculiar Meaning

392. In many verbs otherwise active the future active is wanting and the future middle has the active meaning. Especially common are

ἀκούω, ἀκούσομαι hear μανθάνω, μαθήσομαι learn
ἁμαρτάνω, ἁμαρτήσομαι fail οἶδα, εἴσομαι know
ἀπο-θνῄσκω, ἀποθανοῦμαι die ὄμνῡμι, ὀμοῦμαι swear
βαδίζω, βαδιοῦμαι walk ὁράω, ὄψομαι see
γιγνώσκω, γνώσομαι recognize πάσχω, πείσομαι suffer
διώκω, διώξομαι pursue πῑ́πτω, πεσοῦμαι fall
εἶμι, ἔσομαι am, be, etc. πλέω, πλεύσομαι sail
ἐπαινέω, ἐπαινέσομαι praise τρέχω, δραμοῦμαι run
κάμνω, καμοῦμαι am weary τυγχάνω, τεύξομαι happen
λαγχάνω, λήξομαι get by lot or fate φεύγω, φεύξομαι flee
λαμβάνω, λήψομαι take

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