A School Grammar of Attic Greek

Thomas Dwight Goodell


62. For examples (παραδείγματα) see the table on the next page.

a. Masculines and feminines are declined alike. There are many more masculines than feminines, but a few feminines occur often. They take -ς in the nominative singular and change -ο to -ε in the vocative singular (25). Note that every dative has ι, on the line or subscript. In the accusative plural -ους is for -ο-νς, by 51 b.

Stem . . .(ὁ) βιο- (ὁ) ἀνθρωπο- (ἡ) ὁδο- (τὸ) δωρο-
Meaning . . . life man road gift
Sing. Nom.ὁ βίο-ς ἄνθρωπος ἡ ὁδό-ς τὸ δῶρο-ν
Gen.τοῦ βίου ἀνθρώπου τῆς ὁδοῦ τοῦ δώρου
Dat.τῷ βίῳ ἀνθρώπῳ τῇ ὁδῷ τῷ δώρῳ
Acc.τὸν βίο-ν ἄνθρωπο-ν τὴν ὁδό-ν τὸ δῶρο-ν
Voc.ὦ βίε ἄνθρωπε ὦ ὁδέ ὦ δῶρο-ν
Plur. Nom.οἱ βίοι ἄνθρωποι αἱ ὁδοί τὰ δῶρα
Gen.τῶν βίωv ἀνθρώπων τῶν ὁδῶν τῶν δώρων
Dat.τοῖς βίοις ἀνθρώποις ταῖς ὁδοῖς τοῖς δώροις
Acc.τοὺς βίους ἀνθρώπους τᾱ̀ς ὁδοὐςτὰ δῶρα
Voc. ὦ βίοι ἄνθρωποι ὦ ὁδοίὦ δῶρα
Dual Nom. / Acc.τὼ βίω ἀνθρώπω τὼ ὁδώτὼ δώρω
Gen. / Dat.τοῖν βίοιv ἀνθρώποιν τοῖν ὁδοῖντοῖν δώροιν

b. The nominative is used for the vocative always in θεός god, and sometimes in other words.

c. Neuters take -ν in the nominative, accusative, and vocative singular, and change -ο to -α in the nominative, accusative, and vocative plural (see 25).

XML File