A School Grammar of Attic Greek

Thomas Dwight Goodell

NOUNS AND ADJECTIVES/ Ο-Declension: Nouns

62. For examples (παραδείγματα) see the table on the next page.

a. Masculines and feminines are declined alike. There are many more masculines than feminines, but a few feminines occur often. They take -ς in the nominative singular and change -ο to -ε in the vocative singular (25). Note that every dative has ι, on the line or subscript. In the accusative plural -ους is for -ο-νς, by 51 b.

Stem . . .(ὁ) βιο- (ὁ) ἀνθρωπο- (ἡ) ὁδο- (τὸ) δωρο-
Meaning . . . life man road gift
Sing. Nom.ὁ βίο-ς ἄνθρωπος ἡ ὁδό-ς τὸ δῶρο-ν
Gen.τοῦ βίου ἀνθρώπου τῆς ὁδοῦ τοῦ δώρου
Dat.τῷ βίῳ ἀνθρώπῳ τῇ ὁδῷ τῷ δώρῳ
Acc.τὸν βίο-ν ἄνθρωπο-ν τὴν ὁδό-ν τὸ δῶρο-ν
Voc.ὦ βίε ἄνθρωπε ὦ ὁδέ ὦ δῶρο-ν
Plur. Nom.οἱ βίοι ἄνθρωποι αἱ ὁδοί τὰ δῶρα
Gen.τῶν βίωv ἀνθρώπων τῶν ὁδῶν τῶν δώρων
Dat.τοῖς βίοις ἀνθρώποις ταῖς ὁδοῖς τοῖς δώροις
Acc.τοὺς βίους ἀνθρώπους τᾱ̀ς ὁδοὐςτὰ δῶρα
Voc. ὦ βίοι ἄνθρωποι ὦ ὁδοίὦ δῶρα
Dual Nom. / Acc.τὼ βίω ἀνθρώπω τὼ ὁδώτὼ δώρω
Gen. / Dat.τοῖν βίοιv ἀνθρώποιν τοῖν ὁδοῖντοῖν δώροιν

b. The nominative is used for the vocative always in θεός god, and sometimes in other words.

c. Neuters take -ν in the nominative, accusative, and vocative singular, and change -ο to -α in the nominative, accusative, and vocative plural (see 25).

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