A School Grammar of Attic Greek

Thomas Dwight Goodell

SOUNDS AND WRITING/ ALPHABET

1. Greek is written with twenty-four letters, namely:

Form Sound Name
Α α a in far ἄλφα alpha
Β β b βῆτα beta
Γ γ g in go γάμμα gamma
Δ δ d δέλτα delta
Ε ε

ĕ in met

εἶ, ἒ ψῑλόν epsilon
Ζ ζ dz ζῆτα zeta
Η η German ä ἦτα eta
Θ θ th in thin θῆτα theta
Ι ι i in pique ἰῶτα iota
Κ κ k κάππα kappa
Λ λ l λάμβδα lambda
Μ μ m μῦ mu
Ν ν n νῦ nu
Ξ ξ ks, x in wax ξεῖ, ξῖ xei, xi
Ο ο

ŏ in obey

οὖ, ὂ μῑκρόν omicron
Π π p πεῖ, πῖ pei, pi
Ρ ρ r ῥῶ rho
Σ σ, ς s in see σίγμα sigma
Τ τ t in to ταῦ tau
Υ υ French u, German ü ὖ, ὖ ψῑλόν upsilon
Φ φ ph in Philip φεῖ, φῖ phei, phi
Χ χ German ch χεῖ, χῖ chei, chi
Ψ ψ ps ψεῖ. ψῖ psei, psi
Ω ω

ō

ὦ, ὦ μέγα omega

a. The form ς is used only at the end of a word : στάσις.

b. Εἶ, ξεῖ, οὖ, πεῖ, ὖ, φεῖ, χεῖ, ψεῖ, ὦ are the classical Attic names for those letters; the other names for them, though now the common ones, came into use in the Middle Ages.

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