Euthymus of Locri

Fr. 98

   Εὐθύμου τὰ μὲν ὅσσα παραὶ Διὶ Πῖσαν ἔχοντι 

Fr. 98 Harder (= 98 = 99 Pf., = 201 + 202 Mass.) P.Mil.Vogl. I 18
   col. IV 5 [image], 
Trismegistos 59371

This is a second story about an Olympic victor, the boxing champion Euthymus of Locri, that places heroes of the Trojan War in a bad light again. The region is Temesa, a city of the Brutii in South Italy, where one of Odysseus’ crewmen was left on the shore during the return voyage from Troy. The crewman raped a local woman and was stoned to death. In expiation, the locals were required to appease his ghost by leaving him a bed and a virgin as an annual tribute. Euthymus put an end to the practice. The story is well attested: versions occur in both Pausanias (6.6.4-11) and Strabo (6.1.5, 255C).

Fr. 98

Εὔθυμος -ου, ὁ: Euthymus, an Olympic boxing champion, from Temesa

Πίσα -ης, ἡ: a city of Elis on the Alpheos near Olympia, and so, Olympia itself 

Fr. 99a Harder (=Diegesis IV 5-17; 1.103 Pf.) P.Mil.Vogl. I 18 col. IV 5-17 [image], Trismegistos 59371

       Εὐθύμου τὰ μὲν ὅσσα παραὶ Διὶ Πῖσαν ἔχοντι

               ὅ[τ]ι ἐν Τεμέσῃ ἥρως περίλοιπος τῆς Ὀ-

               δυσσέως νεὼς ἐδασμοφόρει ἐπιχω-

               ρ[ίου]ς τε καὶ ὁμόρους, οὓς κομίζοντας

5            αὐτῷ κλίνην καὶ κόρην ἐπίγαμον

               ἐάσαντας ἀπέρχεσθαι ἀμεταστρε-

               πτεί, ἕωθε[ν] δὲ τοὺς γονεῖς ἀντὶ παρ-

               θέ[ν]ου γυ[ναῖ]κα κομίζεσθαι. τὸν δὲ

               δ[ασ]μὸν [τοῦ]τον ἀπέλυσεν Εὔθυμος

10          πύκτης [. .].λέξας τὰς [τῷ ἥρ]ωϊ κυ-

               ν. .ζ[. . . . . .]φηαφης[. . . . . . . .]. . .

               πρ.[                      ]το.[          

               συ[                               ]. .[           

               lines 14-17 are missing

 

"Of Euthymus all the things in (the temple) of Zeus, who rules at Pisa"

     that in Temesa a hero, a survivor of Odysseus'

     ship, forced the people of the area

     and their neighbors to pay tribute

     to him: they had to bring a couch and a marriagable5

     girl to him and go away without looking back, leaving 

     them behind; the next morning the parents could 

     take away the girl as a woman. 

     The boxer Euthymus put an end to this

     tribute . . .10

Fr. 98

of Euthymus all the things at (the temple) of Zeus who rules at Pisa

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Suggested Citation

Susan Stephens, Callimachus: Aetia. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2015. ISBN: 978-1-947822-07-8.http://dcc.dickinson.edu/callimachus-aetia/book-4/euthymus-locri