Artemis, the Goddess of Childbirth

Fr. 79

Τεῦ δὲ χάριν.ο.[               κικλήσ]κουσιν 

Fr. 79 Harder (= 79 Pf.) P.Mil.Vogl. I 18 col. I 27 [image],
   Trismegistos 59371

This is an account of why Artemis is invoked at childbirth, the explanation for which links the aition with Apollo’s birth to Leto on Delos.

Fr. 79

κικλήσκω: = καλέω, poet. redupl., used only in pres. and impf.

Fr. 79a Harder (= Diegesis I 27-36; 1.87 Pf.) P.Mil.Vogl. I 18 col. I 27-36 [image], Trismegistos 59371

     Τεῦ δὲ χάρον.ο.[                                  κικλήσ-]

          κουσιν     ἑξῆ[ς] φ[ησι γυναῖκας δ]υσ-

          τοκούσας τὴν Ἄρτε[μιν καίπερ ο]ὗ-

          σαν παρθένον ἐπ[ικαλεῖν, ὃτι. .]. .             

5         τη ἀπεκυήθη, ἢ ὃτι δ[ιὰ ἐφημοσ]ύ-

          νην τοῦ Διὸς ἡ Εἰλείθυια [αὐτὴν] τοῦ-

          τ'ἔχειν ἔδωκεν ἐξ[α]ίρετον, ἢ δι-

          ότι τὴν ἑαυτῆς μητ[έρα ἐ]λύσατο 

          τῶν ὠδίνων ὅτε ἐπέτικτεν

10      τὸν Ἀπόλλωνα.

 

Why do they call. . .

     Next he says that women suffering in

     childbirth invoke Artemis although

     she is a virgin either because

     she was born, or that on account of an order 5

     from Zeus Eileithya gave her

     this honor to hold,

     or because she relieved her own mother's

     pain when she was giving birth to

    Apollo.10

Fr. 79

Why do they call . . .

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Suggested Citation

Susan Stephens, Callimachus: Aetia. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2015. ISBN: 978-1-947822-07-8.http://dcc.dickinson.edu/callimachus-aetia/artemis-goddess-childbirth