Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid
Cinyrus, ī, and Cinyrās, ae, m.

a Ligurian chief, 10.186.

1
circā

(adv.), around, 7.535; (prep. with acc.), about, around.

4
Circaeus, a, um

adj. (Circē), of Circe, 7.10.

2
Circē, ēs or ae, f.

a sorceress, daughter of Helios and Perse or Perseis, 3.386, et al.

4
circēnsis, e

adj. (circus), pertaining to the Circus Maximus; Circensian, 8.636.

1
circuitus, ūs, m.

a going round; circuit, 3.413. (circumeō)

2
circulus, ī, m.

a circle or orbit; ring; chain, torques, collar, 5.559. (circus)

2
circum

(adv.), about, around; (prep. with acc.), around, about.

42
circum

(adv.), about, around; (prep. with acc.), around, about.

32
circumdō, dedī, datus, dare, 1, a.

to put or throw around; (with abl.), to encircle, surround, encompass, inclose with, 1.368; of dress, gird, 9.462; adorn, 6.207; set, 1.593; border, 4.137; (with dat.), throw around, 2.792; twine or coil around, 2.219; put round, 2.510.

18
circumdūco, xi, ctum, 3 a.

lead around

1
circumeō, īvī or iī, itus, 4, n. and a.

to go about, circle round, 11.761. (circum and eō)

1
circumferō, tulī, lātus, ferre, irreg. a.

to bear round; pass around, sprinkle, purify by sprinkling, 6.229; cast about, 12.558.

3
circumflectō, flexī, flexus, 3, a.

to bend around; turn far round, 3.430.

2
circumfundō, fūdī, fūsus, 3, a.

to pour around; to encompass, surround; (pass.), circumfundor, fūsus sum, (in middle signif.), to rush around, surround, 2.383; p., circumfūsus, a, um, surrounding, 1.586; gathering around, 6.666.

7
circumligō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to tie or bind round or to, 11.555.

1
circumsistō, stetī, 3, a. and n.

to take one’s stand around; gather round; assail, surround, 8.490.

1
circumsonō, 1, n. and a.

to sound about; raise a din around, 8.474.

1
circumspiciō, spexī, spectus, 3, a. and n.

to look around; cast a glance round upon; survey, 2.68; look round and see, 12.896; observe, 3.517; look round for, look out, seek. (cīrcum and speciō, look)

4
circumstō, stetī, 1, a. and n.

to stand around; hem in; threaten, beset, 10.905; encompass, threaten, 2.559.

8
circumtextus, a, um

woven round, 1.649. (circum and texō)

1
circumveniō, vēnī, ventus, 4, a.

to come about; surround, 6.132.

1
circumvolō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to fly around or surround in flying; hover round, swoop round, 3.233; enshroud, cover, 2.360.

3
circumvolvō, no perf., volūtus, 3, a.

to roll round; (pass.), to complete, 3.284.

1
circus, ī, m.

a circle, circuit, circular area, 5.289; surrounding multitude or throng of spectators, 5.109.

3
Cissēis, idis, f.

the daughter of Cisseus; Hecuba, 7.320. (Cisseus)

2
Cisseus (dissyll.), eī, m.

1. Cisseus, a king of Thrace, said by a late myth to have been the father of Hecuba, 5.537. 2. A Rutulian, 10.317.

2
citātus, a, um

swiftly driven or swiftly running, 12.373. (cito -are)

1
Cithaerōn, ōnis, m.

a mountain of Boeotia, where the orgies of Bacchus were celebrated, 4.303.

1
cithara, ae, f.

the cithara, cithern, or lute, 1.740.

4
cito

(adv.), speedily; soon; (comp.), citius, 5.242.

2
citus, a, um

swiftly moved or driven; speedy, rapid, swift, 1.301; as an adv., 4.574. (cieo)

11
cīvīlis, e

adj. (cīvis), pertaining to the citizen; civil, civic, 6.772.

1
cīvis, is, c.

a citizen, 2.42, et al.; pl., comrades, 5.196.

15
clādēs, is, f.

destruction; slaughter, carnage, 2.361; scourge, destroyers, 6.843.

4
clam

(adv.), secretly, 1.350.

1
clāmō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to call, 12.600; call; call upon, 4.674; cry out or aloud, shout, 9.442. (rel. to καλέω, call)

5
clāmor, ōris, m.

a shout, et al.; loud cry or shriek, 2.488; a call, 2.769; clamor, outcry, shouting, 1.87; sound, roaring sound, 3.566. (clāmō)

66
clangor, ōris, m.

a clashing sound; braying, din, blast, 2.313; rushing sound, flapping, 3.226. (clangō, resound)

4
clārēscō, claruī, 3, inc. n.

to become clear to the ear or eye; grow loud, increase, 2.301.

1
Clarius, a, um

(adj.), of Claros, a town in Ionia, noted for one of the oracles of Apollo located there; Clarian, 3.360.

1
clārus, a, um

(adj.), clear, of sight or sound; clear, 1.588; shining, bright, lustrous, 9.582; making clear; fair, bright; shrill, loud, 3.519; (fig.), renowned, 1.284; noble, illustrious, honored, 1.550.

23
Clārus, ī, m.

Clarus, a Lycian follower of Aeneas, 10.126.

1
classicum, ī, n.

the sound of the trumpet; the trumpet, 7.637. (classis)

1
classis, is, f.

a fleet, 1.39; a ship, 6.334; a troop or body of soldiers, 7.716; pl., armies or hosts (coming in ships or fleets), 3.602. (rel. to καλέω, call)

62
clāva, ae, f.

a club, 10.318.

1
Claudius, a, um

adj. (Claudius), pertaining to the family of Claudius; Claudian, 7.708.

1
claudō, clausī, clausus, 3, a.

to shut or close; freq., shut up; shut up or close against, 1.233; inclose, bound, 8.473; confine, 6.734; with circum, surround, 1.311; subst., clausum, ī, n., a pen.

20
claudus, a, um

(adj.), lame, limping, maimed, 5.278.

1
claustra, ōrum, n. pl

fastenings; bolts, bars; barriers, 1.56; narrows, straits, 3.411. (claudō)

6
Clausus, ī, m.

a chief of the Sabines, 7.707.

2
clāvus, ī, m.

a nail, a peg; a helm, 5.177.

3
cliēns, entis, m.

a client, dependent, 6.609.(cluō, to hear)

1
clipeātus, a, um

adj. (clipeus), armed with a shield, or shield-bearing, 7.793.

1
clipeus, ī, m., and clipeum, ī, n.

a round shield; a shield, 2.227, et al.

1
clipeus, ī, m., and clipeum, ī, n.

a round shield; a shield, 2.227, et al.

49
Cloanthus, ī, m.

commander of one of the ships of Aeneas, 1.222.

9
Cloelia, ae, f.

the Roman heroine who escaped with other maiden hostages from the camp of Porsena, and swam across the Tiber to Rome, 8.651.

1
Clonius, iī, m.

a Trojan, 9.574.

2
Clonus, ī, m.

the name of a Greek silversmith, 10.499.

1
Cluentius, iī, m.

a Roman gentile name, 5.123.

1
Clūsīnus, a, um

adj. (Clūsium), of Clusium, 10.655.

1
Clūsium, iī, n.

one of the chief cities of Etruria, now Chiusi, 10.167.

1
Clytius, iī, m.

the name of several Trojans, 9.774; 10.129, etc.

4
Coclēs, itis, m.

Horatius Cocles, the Roman hero who defended the bridge against the Tuscans, 8.650.

1
Cōcȳtius, a, um

(adj.), of Cocytus, 7.479.

1
Cōcȳtus, ī, m.

the Cocytus, “the river of lamentation,” in the lower world, 6.132.

4
coeō, coīvī or coiī, coitus, coīre, irreg. n. and a.

to go or come together, assemble, 7.582; come together in conflict, join battle; of the blood, stand still, congeal, curdle, 3.30; come to terms, form a compact, 7.317; coīre in ūnum, to come to one place, unite, concentrate, combine, 9.801, et al.

11
coepiō, coepī, coeptus (the tenses of the stem of the present are archaic), 3, a. and n.

to begin, 1.521.

9
coeptum, ī, n.

a thing begun; an undertaking, enterprise, design, 4.642, et al. (coepiō)

5
coerceō, uī, itus, 2, a.

to keep in, hem in, confine, restrain, 6.439; push on, lead on, 9.27. (com- and arceō)

2
coetus, ūs, m.

a coming together, an assembly, 5.43; a flock, 1.398; banquet, feast, 1.735. (coeō)

4
Coeus, ī, m.

one of the Titans, and father of Latona, 4.179.

1
cognātus, a, um

(adj.), near by birth; kindred, 3.502.

3
cognōmen, inis, n.

a name common to a family; a surname; name, 1.267.

13
cognōminis, e

(adj.), of the same, or his name, 6.383. (cognōmen)

1
cognōscō, nōvī, nitus, 3, a.

to get complete knowledge of; ascertain, trace out; know; learn, 2.10; for agnōscō, recognize, 6.340.

7
cōgō, coēgī, coāctus, 3, a.

to drive, lead, assemble together, 4.289; condense, 5.20; close up, 12.457; urge, impel, 9.463; force (of tears), feign, 2.196; compel, 1.563; with two accusatives, 3.56. (com- and agō)

25
cohibeō, uī, itus, 2, a.

to hold together, restrain, confine, 3.424; check, curb, repress, 12.314. (com- and habeō)

3
cohors, tis, f.

a cohort, one of the divisions or regiments of a Roman legion; a cohort; a fleet or squadron, 3.563; a troop, 11.500.

4
conlābor, lāpsus sum, 3, dep. n.

to slip or fall together or completely; sink down, 6.226; swoon, faint, 4.391; fall, 4.664.

7
Collātīnus, a, um

adj. (Collātia), of Collatia, a town of the Sabines near Rome; Collatine, 6.774.

1
colligō, lēgī, lēctus, 3, a.

to gather, collect, assemble, 1.143; gather up, fold up, 1.320; reef, 5.15; contract, 12.862; increase, 9.63; colligere sē in arma, to gather one’s self behind his shield, 10.412. (con and legō)

16
collis, is, m.

a hill, freq.

14
conloquium, iī, n.

a talking together; discourse, 7.91. (conloquor)

1
conlūceō, 2, n.

to be wholly shining; shine on every side; be lighted up; shine, 4.567; be refulgent, 10.539.

5
collum, ī, n.

the neck of men and animals, 1.654, et al.; of a plant, 9.436; pl., the neck, 11.692.

28
conlūstrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to cast light upon; to look at, inspect, survey, 3.651.

1
colō, uī, cultus, a. and n.

to till, cultivate, 1.532; inhabit, live in, dwell in; (fig.), care for, cherish, love, favor, 1.16; observe, 7.602; revere, honor, 4.458; worship, 5.63.

20
colōnus, ī, m.

a cultivator or tiller; a husbandman, freq.; settler, colonist, 1.12. (colō)

6
color, ōris, m.

color, 4.701, et al.; complexion, hue, 4.558.

10
coluber, ubrī, m.

a snake, serpent, 2.471.

2
coluber, ubrī, m.

a snake, serpent, 2.471.

2
columba, ae, f.

a pigeon, dove, 2.516.

6
columna, ae, f.

a column, pillar, 1.428; Proteī columnae, the pillars of Proteus; the northern extremities of Egypt, 11.262.

5
colus, ī and ūs, f.

a distaff, 7.805; spinning, 8.409. (rarely m.)

2
coma, ae, f.

the hair, 1.319; mane, 10.726; (fig.), foliage, leafy crown, 2.629; leaves, branches.

25
comāns, antis

hairy, 3.468; crested, 2.391; leafy, 12.413. (como -are)

5
comes, itis, c.

a comrade; companion, 2.294; friend, follower, 2.796; attendant, 4.664; ally, confederate, 2.181; guide, 6.292; guardian, tutor, 9.649. (com- and eō)

53
comētēs (comēta), ae, m.

a comet, 10.273.

1

VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY