Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid Sort descending
obtegō, tēxī, tēctus, 3, a.

to cover up or over, 2.300.

1
compingō, pēgī, pāctus, 3, a.

to join together; p., compāctus, a, um, close-jointed, 12.674. (com- and pangō)

1
Palamēdēs, is, m.

Palamedes, son of the Euboean king Nauplius, who derived his lineage from the Egyptian king Belus, and one of the Greek chiefs at Troy; killed through the intrigues of Ulysses, 2.82.

1
pennātus, a, um

adj. (penna), winged, 9.473.

1
Cossus, ī, m.

a family name in the Cornelian gens; especially, A. Cornelius Cossus, who won the spolia opima from the king of Veii (B.C. 428), 6.841.

1
perterreō, uī, itus, 2, a.

to fill with terror; to affright, dismay, 10.426.

1
cunctor, ātus sum, 1, dep. n.

to delay, hesitate, linger, wait, 4.133; keep one's ground, stand at bay, 10.717.

1
dator, ōris, m.

a giver, 1.734. (1. dō)

1
pluō, uī or ūvī, 3, n. and a. pers. and impers.

to rain, 10.807.

1
populor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a., and populō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to lay waste; ravage; ransack, 4.403; devastate, plunder, 1.527; rob, deprive, 6.496; of things, 12.525. (populus)

1
dēvexus, a, um

adj. (dēvehō), inclined downwards; descending; declining.

1
praevehor, vectus sum, 3, dep.

to ride before, ride up, 7.166.

1
pristis, is, f.

1. A sea-monster, 10.211. 2. Pristis, the Pristis, one of the ships of Aeneas, 5.154. (another form for pistrīx)

1
discolor, ōris

(adj.), of different color, 6.204.

1
Donūsa, ae, f.

an island between the Cyclades and Crete; one of the Sporades, 3.125.

1
pūrgō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to render pure, clean, or clear; sē pūrgāre, to dissolve, disappear, 1.587. (pūrus and agō)

1
Ēmathiōn, ōnis, m.

a Trojan warrior, 9.571.

1
repercutiō, cussī, cussus, 3, a.

to strike back; reflect, 8.23.

1
respōnsō, 1, intens. a. and n.

to make answer; echo, reply, 12.757. (respondeō)

1
Rhēa, ae, f.

a priestess, mother of Aventinus, 7.659, et al.

1
favor, ōris, m.

good will, partiality, favor, 5.343. (faveō)

1
rosa, ae, f.

a rose, 12.69.

1
Salmōneus (trisyll.), eī, m.

Salmoneus, king, of Elis, son of Aeolus and brother of Sisyphus; for attempting to imitate the thunder of Jupiter, cast into Tartarus by a thunderbolt, 6.585.

1
forsitan

(adv.), perchance, perhaps, 2.506. (fors sit an)

1
sēmihomō, inis, m.

a half man, 8.194. (in hexam. poetry the oblique cases are pronounced semyomin-)

1
serēnum, ī, n.

(sc. caelum), a clear sky. (serenus, clear, calm, tranquil, serene)

1
Harpalycē, ēs, f.

a Thracian huntress, daughter of King Harpalycus, 1.317.

1
erus, ī, m.

an owner, householder, master, lord, 3.324.

1
squālor, ōris, m.

foulness, roughness, filth, squalor, 6.299. (squāleō)

1
strīctūra, ae, f.

a mass or bar of hot iron, 8.421. (stringō)

1
succidō, 3, n.

to fall down; sink down, 12.911. (sub and cadō)

1
superbia, ae. f.

haughtiness, pride, arrogance, audacity, insolence, 1.529. (superbus)

1
impulsus, ūs, m.

an impelling; impulse, shock, 8.239. (impellō)

1
inclēmentia, ae, f.

unkindness; inclemency, cruelly, severity, 2.602. (inclēmēns, unkind)

1
tholus, ī, m.

a cupola, dome, the vault of a temple, vaulted shrine, 9.408.

1
īnsalūtātus, a, um

(adj.), not saluted; without farewell greeting (separated by tmesis), 9.288.

1
internectō, 3, a.

to bind together, bind up, 7.816.

1
accommodus, a, um

fit, suitable, 11.522. (ad and commodus)

1
vānus, a, um

(adj.), containing nothing, empty; devoid of truth, deceitful, false, 1.352; unavailing, 8.259; groundless, 4.12; ignorant, 10.631; subst., vāna, ōrum, n., useless things, 2.287; (adv.), vāna, vainly, 11.854.

1
aeripēs, edis

adj. (aes and pēs), brazen- or bronze-footed, or hoofed, 6.802.

1
Alpēs, ium, f.

the Alps.

1
vītālis, e

adj. (vīta), pertaining to life; essential to life, vital, 1.388.

1
limbus, ī, m.

a border, hem, fringe, 4.137.

1
ambrosia, ae, f.

ambrosia, the food of the gods.

1
Machāōn, onis, m.

a Greek prince, surgeon of the Greeks at Troy, and said to have been the son of Aesculapius, 2.263.

1
Argyripa, ae, f.

Argyripa, afterwards Arpi, a town built by Diomedes in Apulia, 11.246.

1
Asbȳtēs, ae, m.

a Trojan, 12.362.

1
mītis, e

(adj.), mellow; ripe, ripening; of a lake or pool, mild, gentle; calm, still, 8.88.

1
Aulis, idis, f.

the port on the eastern shore of Greece, whence the Greek fleet sailed to the siege of Troy, 4.426.

1
mūniō, īvī or iī, ītus, 4, a.

to inclose with walls; fortify; construct, build, 1.271. (moenia)

1
bilinguis, e

adj. (bis and lingua), double-tongued; (fig.), deceitful, treacherous, 1.661.

1
nāvigium, iī, n.

a boat, craft, ship, 5.753. (nāvigō)

1
Carpathius, a, um

(adj.), of Carpathus, an island northeast of Crete; subst., Carpathium, iī, n., the Carpathian Sea, 5.595.

1
Caulōn, ōnis, m.

Caulon, or Caulonia, a town on the east coast of Bruttium, 3.553.

1
obloquor, locūtus sum, 3, dep. a. and n.

to speak to or against; sing or play in response, w. acc., 6.646.

1
officium, iī, n.

anything done for another; service, duty, favor, kindness, 1.548. (officiō, come in the way of)

1
Clūsīnus, a, um

adj. (Clūsium), of Clusium, 10.655.

1
Ōricius, a, um

adj. (Ōricus), of Oricus or Oricum, a seaport of Epirus; Orician, 10.136.

1
Ōthrys, yos, m.

a mountain in Thessaly, 7.675.

1
concavus, a, um

(adj.), completely hollow; hollow, concave, 5.677.

1
palleō, uī, 2, n.

to be pale; p., pallēns, entis, pallid, wan, pale, 4.26.

1
cōnfodiō, fōdī, fossus, 3, a.

to stab, wound, 9.445.

1
cornum, ī, n.

the cornel cherry or cornel berry, 3.649.

1
permētior, mēnsus sum, 4, dep. a.

to measure completely; traverse, 3.157.

1
Phaeāces, um, m., pl.

the Phaeacians, the Homeric name of the inhabitants of Corcyra, the modern Corfu, 3.291.

1
pollex, icis, m.

the thumb, 11.68. (polleō)

1
praecīsus, a, um

abrupt, ragged, 8.233. (prae and caedō)

1
pressō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a.

to press hard; squeeze, press; milk.

1
Dindyma, ōrum, n., and Dindymus, ī, m.

Mount Dindymus or Dindyma, in Mysia, sacred to Cybele, 9.618.

1
Drūsus, ī, m.

the family name of several distinguished Romans, 6.824.

1
ēdisserō, uī, tus, 3, a.

to state; set forth, declare, relate, 2.149.

1
quantum

(relative pronoun or adverb) as much as, however much, to the extent that.

1
ergō

(adv.), therefore; w. gen. (like causā), for the sake of, on account of, 6.670; in a question, 6.456.

1
quoūsque

(adv.), how long (separated by tmesis), 5.384. (quō and ūsque)

1
Euandrius, a, um

of Evander, Evandrian, 10.394. (Euander)

1
exhorrēscō, horruī, 3, inc. n. and a.

to shudder greatly; shudder at, fear, dread, 7.265. (exhorreō)

1
exsaturō, āvī, ātus; 1, a.

to satisfy, glut, 7.298.

1
retexō, texuī, textus, 3, a.

to weave again; (fig.), compass again, repeat, 12.762.

1
fīctor, ōris, m.

one who molds, or shapes; deviser, 9.602. (fingō)

1
sacrilegus, a, um

adj. (sacer and legō), impious, 7.595.

1
flāgrō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.

to be on fire or in flames; burn, blaze, 2.685; glow, 1.710; flash, 12.167; blush, 12.65; rage, 11.225.

1
Samothrācia, ae, f.

Thracian Samos, a small island about thirty-eight miles south of the Thracian coast, supposed by some to have been colonized from Samos, 7.208.

1
galērus, ī, m.

a cap of fur or undressed skin; hat, cap, 7.688. (rel. to galea)

1
Sidicīnus, a, um

adj. (Sidicīnī), pertaining to the Sidicini, or people of Teanum and its territory in the northern part of Campania; Sidicinian, 7.727.

1
singultō, no perf., ātus, 1, n. and a.

to sob, rattle in the throat, gulp, 9.333.

1
Gȳgēs, ae or is, m.

a Trojan, 9.762.

1
spīrāculum, ī, n.

a breathing-place; (fig.), of Hades, breathing vent, mouth, 7.568. (spīrō)

1
Hibērus, a, um

(adj.), Iberian, Spanish, 9.582; western, 11.913.

1
subolēs, is, f.

a shoot; twig, sprout; offspring, of men, 4.328.

1
superstes, itis

adj. (superstō), remaining over, surviving, 11.160.

1
impexus, a, um

(adj.), uncombed, untrimmed; shaggy, 7.667.

1
inārdēscō, ārsī, 3, inc. n.

to take fire; become glowing, glow; be gilded, 8.623.

1
incrēbrēscō, crēbruī, 3, inc. n.

to become frequent; increase more and more; be spread abroad, 8.14.

1
textum, ī, n.

that which is woven or plaited; a texture, 8.625. (texō)

1
īnsidior, ātus sum, 1, dep. n.

to lie in ambush; lie in wait, lurk for, w. dat., 9.59. (īnsidiae)

1
Abaris, is, m.

a Rutulian warrior, 9.344.

1
Castrum Inuī

a town in Latium near Antium and Ardea, 6.775.

1
Acesta, ae, f.

a town in Sicily, named after Acestes, 5.718.

1
Italus, ī, m.

the ancient king from whom Italy was supposed to have been named, 7.178.

1
Adamastus, ī, m.

the father of Achaemenides, 3.614.

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VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY