Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid
vacca, ae, f.

cow, 6.251; heifer, 4.61.

2
vacō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.

to be empty; to be open, 11.179; to be free from, unoccupied by, with abl., 3.123; (impers.), vacat, there is leisure, one has time, 1.373.

4
vacuus, a, um

adj. (vacō), empty, void, 12.592; open, 5.515; deserted, 2.528; solitary, 2.761; 4.82; without employment, unoccupied; subst., vacuum, ī, n., emptiness, void space, 12.906.

11
vādō, 3, n.

to go, walk, advance, go on, 2.396, et al.; rush, 2.359; move, speed on, 8.702; imperat., vāde, away, go on! 3.462.

9
vadōsus, a, um

adj. (vadum), that can be forded; fordable, shallow, 7.728.

1
vadum, ī, n.

a ford; a shallow, shoal, 1.112; sand-bank, 10.303; shallow water, 11.628; bottom, depth, 1.126; water, tide, stream, 6.320; water of the sea, 5.158; wave, sea, 7.198.

20
vāgīna, ae, f.

a scabbard, sheath, 4.579.

5
vāgītus, ūs, m.

a wailing, 6.426. (vāgiō)

1
vagor, ātus sum, 1, dep. n. and a.

to wander about, 6.886; ride to and fro, career about, 5.560; to be rumored round, spread, 2.17. (vagus, wandering)

5
valēns, entis

strong, vigorous, powerful, 5.431. (valeō)

1
valeō, uī, itus, 2, n.

to be strong physically; to be well, vigorous, powerful; to excel, 5.67; to have power, be able; can, 2.492; to avail; can do, 12.798; imperat., vale, farewell! 2.789.

21
Valerus, ī, m.

a Latin warrior, 10.752.

1
validus, a, um

adj. (valeō), strong, 1.120; vigorous, powerful, 5.15; mighty, 2.50; heavy, massive.

16
vallēs, is, f.

a valley, dell, dale, ravine, vale, 1.186, et al.

14
vāllō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to surround with a rampart; to encamp around, 11.915. (vāllum)

1
vāllum, ī

a rampart, breastwork, or fort with palisades, 9.524.

9
vānus, a, um

(adj.), containing nothing, empty; devoid of truth, deceitful, false, 1.352; unavailing, 8.259; groundless, 4.12; ignorant, 10.631; subst., vāna, ōrum, n., useless things, 2.287; (adv.), vāna, vainly, 11.854.

1
vānus, a, um

(adj.), containing nothing, empty; devoid of truth, deceitful, false, 1.352; unavailing, 8.259; groundless, 4.12; ignorant, 10.631; subst., vāna, ōrum, n., useless things, 2.287; (adv.), vāna, vainly, 11.854.

1
vānus, a, um

(adj.), containing nothing, empty; devoid of truth, deceitful, false, 1.352; unavailing, 8.259; groundless, 4.12; ignorant, 10.631; subst., vāna, ōrum, n., useless things, 2.287; (adv.), vāna, vainly, 11.854.

13
vapor, ōris, m.

vapor, steam, 7.466; fiery vapor; fire, 5.683.

3
vapōrō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to send out steam; to fumigate; perfume, 11.481. (vapor)

1
variō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

a., to diversify; exchange, relieve, 9.164; n., change, waver, 12.223. (varius)

2
varius, a, um

(adj.), diversified, manifold, various, 5.605, et al.; different, 4.286; mingled, 11.475; varying, 1.748; changing, 4.564; subst., varium, iī, n., a changeable, fickle, inconstant thing, 4.569.

41
vāstātor, ōris, m.

ravager, destroyer, 9.772. (vāstō)

1
vāstō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to make void or empty; to desolate, lay waste, ravage, devastate, 1.471, et al.; deprive of, strip, rob, with acc. and abl., 8.8. (vāstus)

4
vāstus, a, um

(adj.), empty, void, wild, waste, 9.323; vast, unbounded, 1.118; huge, enormous, immense, 3.647; deep-, vast-, sounding, 1.245.

46
vātēs, is, c.

a prophet, soothsayer, augur, seer, 3.433; prophetess, 3.187; poet, bard, 6.662; priest, 11.774.

36
ūber, eris, n.

a teat, an udder, 3.392; the breast, 5.285; breast, bosom, 3.95; (meton.), richness, fertility, fruitfulness, productiveness, 1.531.

10
ūber, eris

(adj.), fruitful, fertile, 3.106. (compar., ūberior; superl., ūberrimus), (ūber)

4
ubī

(adv. of place and time; relat.), where; (indefinite), wheresoever, 7.400; (interrog.), where, 3.312, et al.; (of time), when; whenever, 4.143, et al.; as soon as, 1.81; in comparison, 2.471; 7.719, et al.

69
ubī

(adv. of place and time; relat.), where; (indefinite), wheresoever, 7.400; (interrog.), where, 3.312, et al.; (of time), when; whenever, 4.143, et al.; as soon as, 1.81; in comparison, 2.471; 7.719, et al.

29
ubī

(adv. of place and time; relat.), where; (indefinite), wheresoever, 7.400; (interrog.), where, 3.312, et al.; (of time), when; whenever, 4.143, et al.; as soon as, 1.81; in comparison, 2.471; 7.719, et al.

10
ubīque

(adv. of place), wheresoever; anywhere, 1.601; everywhere, 2.368.

5
Ūcalegōn, ontis, m.

a Trojan; (meton.), the house of Ucalegon, 2.312.

1
ūdus, a, um

adj. (ūvidus, moist), wet, moist, 5.357.

4
-ve

(conj. enclit.), usually appended to the first word in the clause or phrase, or freq.; ve — ve, either — or, both — and, 10.150.

79
vectis, is, m.

a pole, lever, bar, bolt, 7.609. (vehō)

1
vectō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a.

to convey, 6.391. (vehō)

2
vehō, vexī, vectus, 3, a. and n.

to carry, 1.113, et al.; bring, usher in, 5.105; (pass.), vehor, vectus sum, to be carried, fly, 7.65; with or without equō, nāvibus, etc., to ride, go, sail, 1.121; 12.162; with acc., sail over, 1.524.

24
vel

(conj.), or implying indifference as to the alternative or choice, or, freq.; even, or whether, and, 6.769; vel — vel, either — or, 4.24, 25, et al.

24
vel

(conj.), or implying indifference as to the alternative or choice, or, freq.; even, or whether, and, 6.769; vel — vel, either — or, 4.24, 25, et al.

2
vēlāmen, inis, n.

a veil, 1.649; a covering, garment, vestment, 6.221. (vēlō)

3
Velīnus, a, um

adj. (Velia), of Velia, a town on the western coast of Lucania; Velian, 6.366.

1
Velīnus, ī, m.

a lake in the country of the Sabines, 7.517.

2
vēlivolus, a, um

adj. (vēlum and volō), sail-flying, sail-covered, 1.224.

1
vellō, vellī or vulsī, vulsus, 3, a.

to pluck; pull up, 3.28; wrench, tear away, 2.480; tear down, 9.506; move, 11.19; seize, lift, 10.381; vellere sīgna, pluck up the standards from the ground; move the camp, depart.

10
vellus, eris, n.

a fleece, 6.249; woolen band or fillet, 4.459; skin, 7.95.

3
vēlō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to veil, 3.405; cover, clothe; bind around, wreathe, crown, 5.72; festoon, adorn, 2.249; to shade by bearing in the hand, 7.154; 11.101. (vēlum)

15
vēlōx, ōcis

(adj.), swift, fleet, 4.174; quick, ready, 5.444.

6
vēlum, ī, n.

a cloth; sail, 1.103, et al.; a curtain, canvas, covering, 1.469.

32
velut (velutī)

(adv.), even as, like, as it were, as, just as, as if, 1.82, et al. (vel and ut)

27
velut (velutī)

(adv.), even as, like, as it were, as, just as, as if, 1.82, et al. (vel and ut)

2
vēna, ae, f.

a vein, 4.2.

2
vēnābulum, ī, n.

a hunting-spear, 4.131. (vēnor)

2
vēnor, ātus sum, 1, dep. n. and a.

to hunt, 4.117.

2
vēnātor, ōris, m.

a huntsman, 11.678; vēnātor canis, a hunting-dog, 12.751. (vēnor)

2
vēnātrīx, īcis, f.

a huntress, 1.319; adj., 11.780. (vēnor)

3
vēnātus, ūs, m.

a hunting, the chase, 7.747; the spoils of the chase, 9.407. (vēnor)

5
vēndō, didī, ditus, 3, a.

to offer for sale; to sell, 1.484; betray, 6.621.(vēnum, sale, and dō)

2
venēnum, ī, n.

a poisonous drug; poison, venom, 2.221; a charm, drug, 7.190; poison of love, 1.688.

9
venerābilis, e

adj. (veneror), deserving of respect; venerable, venerated, revered, 6.408; sacred; 12.767.

2
veneror, ātus sum, 1, dep. a.

to venerate, reverence, revere, 3.79; adore, worship, 5.745; bow before, kneel at, 12.220; p., venerātus, a, um, (pass.), supplicated, entreated, 3.460.

1
veneror, ātus sum, 1, dep. a.

to venerate, reverence, revere, 3.79; adore, worship, 5.745; bow before, kneel at, 12.220; p., venerātus, a, um, (pass.), supplicated, entreated, 3.460.

8
venia, ae, f.

favor, 4.50; mercy, kindness, 4.435; forbearance, indulgence, concession, 10.626; grace, favor, 11.101; relief, help, 1.519.

9
Venīlia, ae, f.

a nymph, mother of Turnus, 10.76.

1
veniō, vēnī, ventus

to come, freq.; come forth; approach, 6.755; rise, appear, 1.353; dawn, 10.241; to present one's self or itself, 5.344; descend, spring from, 5.373; impers., ventum est, we, they came or have come, 4.151.

122
vēnor, ātus sum, 1, dep. n. and a.

to hunt, 4.117.

2
venter, tris, m.

the belly, 3.216; (fig.), hunger, 2.356.

2
ventōsus, a, um

adj. (ventus), windy, stormy, 6.335; fleeting, unreal, inflated, windy, noisy, 11.390; empty, vain boasting, 11.708; fleet as the wind, 12.848.

5
ventūrum, ī, n.

that which is to come, the future, futurity, 6.66. (veniō)

2
ventus, ī, m.

wind, 1.43, et al.; blast, 2.649.

87
Venulus, ī, m.

a Latin messenger, 8.9.

3
Venus, eris, f.

Venus, goddess of love and beauty, identified by the Romans with Aphrodite, daughter of Jupiter and Dione, 1.411, et al.; (meton.), love, lust, 6.26.

34
vepres, is, m.

a thorn, brier, bramble, 8.645.

1
verbēna, ae, f.

laurel, olive, or myrtle boughs for the altar; sacred boughs. (usually in the plural)

1
verber, eris, n.

a lash, whip; a stripe, blow, 6.558, et al.; flapping, beating, 12.876.

7
verberō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to lash, beat, strike, 3.423, et al. (verber)

6
verbum, ī, n.

a word, 1.710, et al.

23
vērē

(adv.), truly, correctly, 6.188. (vērus)

2
vereor, itus sum, 2, dep. a. and n.

to fear.

4
vergō, 3, a. and n.

to incline; go down, sink, 12.727.

1
vērō

(adv.), in truth; in fact, but in fact, but, 2.438, et al. (vērus)

26
vērō

(adv.), in truth; in fact, but in fact, but, 2.438, et al. (vērus)

18
verrō, no perf., versus, 3, a.

to sweep; snatch, bear, sweep away, 1.59; sweep over, 3.208.

7
versicolor, ōris

adj. (versō and color), of various colors, particolored, 10.181.

1
versō, āvī, ātus, 1, freq. a.

to turn much; writhe, 11.753; turn, 5.408; handle, wield, 9.747; to buffet, drive, beat round and round, 5.460; drive to and fro, 12.664; toss about, 6.362; turn, hurry, 4.286; involve in or distract with, 7.336; with or without mente, pectore, etc., revolve, meditate, devise, consider, 1.657. (vertō)

20
versus, ūs, m.

a turning; a verse or line of poetry; a rank, row, tier of oars, 5.119. (vertō)

1
vertex, icis, m.

a whirl; whirlpool, 7.567; vortex, 1.117; whirling column of flame, 12.673; the top, crown of the head, the head, 1.403; summit, top, 1.163; mountain summit, height, 3.679; ā vertice, from on high, from above, 1.114. (vertō)

40
vertō, vertī, versus, 3, a. and n.

a., to turn, freq.; turn round, 12.462; turn back, put to flight, 10.512; turn toward, send to, 11.798; direct, 3.146; transfer, 11.282; reverse, 8.210; upturn, invert, 1.478; turn out, empty, drain, 9.165; overthrow, destroy, 1.20; subvert, 11.264; change, 1.237; transform, 12.891; sē vertere, to change; to be directed, to result, issue, tend, 1.671; (pass.), vertī, of the heavens, to turn round, revolve, 2.250; of the year or seasons, to come round, revolve, return, 5.526; to move about, career about, 11.683; to turn upon, depend on, 10.529; to move, be conducted, 7.101; n., to turn, be transformed, changed.

73
verū, ūs, n.

a spit, 1.212; a slender, tapering lance; spit-dart, 7.665.

3
vērum, ī, n.

that which is true; truth, justice, right, 2.141.

9
vērum

but indeed, but yet, yet, but, 3.670, et al.

5
vērus, a, um

(adj.), true, freq.; real, 1.405; vērius est, it is or would be more just, 12.694.

1
vērum

(adv.), in truth; truly.

1
vērus, a, um

(adj.), true, freq.; real, 1.405; vērius est, it is or would be more just, 12.694.

14
vēsānus, a, um

insane, mad, furious, 9.340.

3
vescor, 3, dep. n. and a.

(with abl., or absolute); to feed upon, 3.622; breathe, 1.546; banquet, feast, 6.657.

5
vesper, eris or erī, m.

the evening; the evening star; the west, 5.19; personif., Vesper, Hesperus, 1.374, et al.

2
vesper, eris or erī, m.

the evening; the evening star; the west, 5.19; personif., Vesper, Hesperus, 1.374, et al.

1
Vesta, ae, f.

Vesta, daughter of Saturn, and granddaughter of Vesta, wife of Coelus; goddess of the hearth and household, 2.296, et al.; (meton.), the hearth, the fire.

5