Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid
rabidus, a, um

(adj.), raving, savage, mad, raging, 6.421; frenzied; frantic, raving, 6.80.

5
rabiēs, em, ē, f.

madness, frenzy, fury, fierceness, 2.357, et al.; of inanimate things, 5.802, et al.

7
radiō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to emit rays of light; flash, beam, be radiant, 8.616. (radius)

2
radius, iī, m.

a staff, rod; spoke of a wheel, 6.616; beam, ray, 5.65; a shuttle, 9.476; the representation of rays on a crown, 12.163.

12
rādīx, īcis, f.

a root, 3.27, et al.

7
rādō, rāsī, rāsus, 3, a.

to rub, scrape, graze; skim along or over, 5.170; coast along, sail near to, 3.700.

4
rāmus, ī, m.

a branch, bough, 4.485, et al.; limb, 8.318; wreath, 5.71.

30
rapidus, a, um

adj. (rapiō), that tears away; violent, fierce; swiftly moving, rapid, 1.42; speedy, quick, prompt, 5.513.

27
rapīna, ae, f.

a plundering; booty, prey, 8.263. (rapiō)

1
rapiō, rapuī, raptus, 3, a.

to seize, snatch, freq.; carry off, bear away, 1.28; tear off, 6.496; take, 2.675; kindle by rapid motion, 1.176; rescue, 1.378; plunder, pillage, 2.374; hurry, speed, 4.286; swiftly lead on, 12.450; hasten into, penetrate, range, 6.8; ravish, violate, 4.198.

58
Rapō, ōnis, m.

an Etruscan, 10.748.

1
raptō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a.

to seize violently; drag, 1.483; hurry away, transport. (rapiō)

3
raptor, ōris, m.

a plunderer, robber; adjectively, plundering, 2.356. (rapiō)

1
raptum, ī, n.

plunder, prey, spoil, 4.217.

3
rārēscō, 3, inc. n.

to become thin; to part or begin to stand open; to open, 3.411. (rārus)

1
rārus, a, um

(adj.), the opposite of dense; thin; straying, scattered, 1.118; wide-meshed, distended, 4.131; standing far apart, infrequent, here and there = few; broken, interrupted, faltering, 3.314; rarely lighted, seen now and then, uncertain, 9.383.

8
rāstrum, ī, n., usually pl., rāstrī, ōrum, m.

a heavy pronged hoe, rake, mattock. (rādō)

2
ratiō, ōnis, f.

a reckoning, calculation; deliberation, purpose, 2.314; plan, method, way, means, manner, 4.115; reason, prudence, judgment, 8.299. (reor)

5
ratis, is, f.

a raft, float; bark, boat, ship, 1.43, et al.

22
raucus, a, um

(adj.), rough-sounding, hoarse; screaming, 7.705; roaring, resounding, 2.545; (adv.), rauca, hoarsely, 9.125.

9
rebellis, e

adj. (re- and bellum), warring or making war again, 12.185; rebellious, insurgent, 6.858.

2
recaleō, 2, n.

to be warm or hot, 12.35.

1
recēdō, cessī, cessus, 3, n.

to go back, retire, withdraw, 12.129; recede, retreat, 2.633; stand apart, retire, 2.300; depart, 2.595; disappear, 3.72; vanish, 5.526.

15
recēns, entis

(adj.), new, recent, fresh, 1.417; pure, 6.635; newly wrought or finished, 8.654; foll. by ab, just from, 6.450.

13
recēnseō, uī, us or itus, 2, a.

to estimate from the beginning; reckon, review, survey, 6.682.

1
receptō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a.

to take back or out; recover, 10.383. (recipiō)

1
recipiō, cēpī, ceptus, 3, a.

to take back; receive, take, 2.524; take, draw back or out, 9.348; take in, let in, admit, 9.780; recover, save, 1.178; rescue, 6.111; take from, inflict on, 4.656; win back, recover, secure, 6.818; recipere gressum, to return, 11.29; sē recipere, to resort, withdraw, betake one's self. (re- and capiō)

1
recessus, ūs, m.

recess, cavity, 8.193; retreat, ambush, 11.527. (recēdō)

1
recidīvus, a, um

falling back; returning; rebuilt, restored, 4.344. (recidō, to fall back)

3
recīdō, cīdī, cīsus

to cut away; lop off, 12.208. (re- and caedō)

1
recingō, cīnxī, cīnctus, 3, a.

to ungird, loosen; p., recīnctus, a, um, ungirded, loosely hanging, 4.518.

1
recipiō, cēpī, ceptus, 3, a.

to take back; receive, take, 2.524; take, draw back or out, 9.348; take in, let in, admit, 9.780; recover, save, 1.178; rescue, 6.111; take from, inflict on, 4.656; win back, recover, secure, 6.818; recipere gressum, to return, 11.29; sē recipere, to resort, withdraw, betake one's self. (re- and capiō)

19
reclīnō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

recline; rest, lay back or down, 12.130.

1
reclūdō, clūsī, clūsus, 3, a.

to unclose; to open, freq.; throw open, 3.92; reveal, disclose, 1.358; unsheathe, 4.646; cut or lay open, 4.63. (re- and claudō)

10
recognōscō, cognōvī, cognitus, 3, a.

look over; survey, review, 8.721.

1
recolō, coluī, cultus, 3, a.

to till again; (fig.), think over, reflect, consider, 6.681.

1
recondō, didī, ditus, 3, a.

to place again; put back, up, or away; hide, conceal, 1.681; bury, 10.387; bury in oblivion, 5.302.

6
recoquō, coxī, coctus, 3, a.

to boil again; recast, forge anew, 7.636; purify, refine, 8.624.

2
recordor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a. and n.

to call to mind; remember, 3.107. (re- and cor)

2
rēctor, ōris, m.

a director, leader, ruler, 8.572; general, commander, 9.173; guide; helmsman, pilot, 5.161. (regō)

4
rēctum, ī, n.

(subst.), right, 1.604. (regō)

1
rēctus, a, um

straight, direct, directly along, 6.900; straight forward, 8.209; rēctō lītore, flūmine, directly along the shore, along the stream, 6.900, 8.57. (regō)

3
recubō, 1, n.

to be lying back or down; recline; be extended; lie, 3.392.

4
recumbō, cubuī, 3, n.

to lie down again; sink down, 9.713; depend, rest, 12.59. (re- and cubō, lie down)

3
recurrō, currī, cursus, 3, n.

to run back; return, revolve, 7.100.

1
recursō, 1, intens. n.

to rush back; come back, recur to the mind, 4.3; return, 1.662.

3
recursus, ūs, m.

a running back; return; retreat, 5.583; a receding, an ebbing, 10.288. (recurrō)

2
recurvus, a, um

(adj.), curving back or round; bending, crooked, rounding, 7.513.

1
recūsō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to bring a reason against; object; reject, decline, 5.417; refuse, 2.607; shrink back, recoil, 5.406. (re- and causa)

11
recutiō, cussī, cussus, 3, a.

to strike back; cause to resound; p., recussus, a, um, resounding, reverberating, 2.52. (re- and quatiō)

1
redarguō, uī, 3, a.

disprove, confute, 11.688.

1
reddō, didī, ditus, 3, a.

to give back; put back, restore, 12.785, et al.; deliver, 2.543; pour forth, 9.700; return, 1.409; render, pay; answer, 2.323; reproduce, bring back, 6.768; render, make, 5.705; sē reddere, emerge, 9.121; p., redditus, a, um, being conveyed back; brought back to the land or earth; alighting, 6.18.

39
redeō, īvī or iī, itus, īre, irreg. n.

to go, come back, return; retreat, 9.794.

13
redimīculum, ī, n.

something bound round; a chaplet, fillet, ribbon, 9.616. (redimiō)

1
redimiō, iī, ītus (imperf., redimībat, 10.538), 4, a.

to bind round; wreathe, crown, 3.81.

2
redimō, ēmī, ēmptus, 3, a.

to buy back; ransom, redeem, 6.121. (re- and emō)

2
reditus, ūs, m.

a return, 2.17. (redeō)

4
redoleō, uī, 2, n. and a.

to give forth a smell; to be redolent of, fragrant with, 1.436.

1
redūcō, dūxī, ductus, 3, a.

to lead, bring back; restore, 1.143; return, 9.257; draw back, 5.478; rescue, 4.375.

14
reductus, a, um

reductus, a, um, retired, remote, solitary, 6.703; receding, 1.161. (redūcō)

2
redux, ucis

adj. (redūcō), led back, brought back, returning, 1.390.

6
refellō, fellī, 3, a.

to prove that one is in error; refute, gainsay, 4.380. (re- and fallō)

3
referō, rettulī, relātus, referre, irreg. a.

to bear, carry, bring back, 4.392; bear again, 5.564; cast up, vomit, 9.350; turn, 12.657; of solemn rites, render, pay, 5.605; bring back as a prize, win, get, 4.93; put back, stay, 11.290; repeat, 5.598; claim, 7.49; answer, reply, 4.31; report, relate, announce, 1.309; reproduce, resemble, 4.329; imitate, 10.281; turn, change, 11.426; 1.281; render, make, 8.343; vōce referre, speak, utter, exclaim, 1.94; referre pedem, return; (pass.), referrī, go back, recede, 2.169; return, revert, 12.37.

64
referō, rettulī, relātus, referre, irreg. a.

to bear, carry, bring back, 4.392; bear again, 5.564; cast up, vomit, 9.350; turn, 12.657; of solemn rites, render, pay, 5.605; bring back as a prize, win, get, 4.93; put back, stay, 11.290; repeat, 5.598; claim, 7.49; answer, reply, 4.31; report, relate, announce, 1.309; reproduce, resemble, 4.329; imitate, 10.281; turn, change, 11.426; 1.281; render, make, 8.343; vōce referre, speak, utter, exclaim, 1.94; referre pedem, return; (pass.), referrī, go back, recede, 2.169; return, revert, 12.37.

6
rēficiō, fēcī, fectus, 3, a.

to make again; restore, 10.234; repair, amend, recruit, refresh, reanimate, encourage, 11.731. (re- and faciō)

3
refīgō, fīxī, fīxus, 3, a.

to unfasten, loosen, 5.527; take down, 5.360; unfasten or take down the tablets of the laws, render null, annul, abolish, 6.622; refīxus, a, um, loosened, falling, 5.527.

3
reflectō, flexī, flexus, 3, a. and n.

to bend back; bend, 11.622; twist back, 10.535; change, 10.632; animum reflectere, to turn one's thoughts to any object; think of, recollect, 2.741.

5
refluō, 3, n.

to flow back, 8.240.

3
refringō, frēgī, frāctus, 3, a.

to break back; break off, 6.210. (re- and frangō)

1
refugiō, fūgī, 3, n. and a.

to fly, 3.258; flee away, 6.472; recede, stand distant, 3.536; shrink, 2.12; w. acc., start back from, 2.380; shrink from, refuse, 7.618; fugere, refugere, to fly to and fro, 12.753.

9
refulgeō, fulsī, fulsus, 2, n.

to flash back; shine forth, flash, be radiant, 1.402; glitter, glisten, 6.204.

6
refundō, fūdī, fūsus, 3, a.

to pour back or up; cast, throw up, 7.590; boil up, 1.126; flow back, overflow, 6.107; p., refūsus, a, um, thrown back, beaten back; poured back, flowing back upon itself, encircling, 7.225.

4
refūtō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to repel; disprove, refute, falsify, disappoint, 12.41.

1
rēgālis, e

adj. (rēx), belonging to a king; regal, kingly, royal, 1.673.

3
rēgia

a palace, 7.171. (rēgius, a, um, sc. domus)

9
rēgificus, a, um

adj. (rēx and faciō), made meet for a king; magnificent, royal, 6.605.

1
rēgīna, ae, f.

a queen, 1.9; princess, 1.273. (rēx)

41
regiō, ōnis, f.

a direction, 2.737; region, territory, country, 1.460; quarter, tract, place, 9.390; regiō viārum, the beaten track, open road or path, 11.530. (regō)

13
rēgius, a, um

adj. (rēx), pertaining or belonging to a king or queen, 1.696; the king’s, 1.677; royal, 1.443; subst., rēgia (sc. domus), a palace, 7.171.

19
rēgnātor, ōris, m.

one who reigns; sovereign, lord, 2.779, et al. (rēgnō)

6
rēgnō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to exercise sovereignty; to be king, to reign, 1.141; rule, govern, 3.14; impers., rēgnātur, etc., there is kingly rule, 1.272. (rēgnum)

8
rēgnum, ī, n.

kingly sway; royal power or glory, 1.268; dominion, rule, sovereignty, 1.78; the territory of a king; realm, kingdom, dominion, 3.333; royal seat, 1.270; pl., realms, kingdom, 11.461; royal power, 4.591; royal abode, 12.567. (rēx)

86
regō, rēxī, rēctus, 3, a.

to rule, govern, guide, control, direct, et al.; help, prosper, 12.405.

19
regressus, ūs, m.

a going back; (fig.), turn, change, retrieve, 11.413. (regredior)

1
rēiciō, iēcī, iectus, 3, a.

to throw back or off, 5.421; drive back, rout, 11.630; put or turn behind, 11.619; of the eyes, turn from, avert, 10.473. (re- and iaciō)

4
relābor, lāpsus sum, 3, dep. n.

to slip back; retreat, 10.307.

1
relegō, lēgī, lēctus, 3, a.

to gather again; pass by, survey again; coast again, 3.690.

1
relēgō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to send away, remove; consign, give in charge, 7.775.

1
religiō, ōnis, f.

reverence for divine things; piety, devotion, 2.715; sanctity, 8.349; worship, sacred ceremonial, observance, 3.409; sacred thing, symbol, token, 2.151; object of worship; divinity, 12.182; augury, 3.363.

10
religiōsus, a, um

adj. (religiō), devout; sacred, holy, 2.365.

1
religō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to lie back or up; to picket, 9.352; moor, 7.106.

2
relinquō, līquī, līctus, 3, a.

to leave behind, 3.190; commit, 7.123; spare, leave, 2.659; give up, relinquish, 4.432; desert, abandon, 2.28; leave out of sight, unnoticed, 2.454.

80
rēliquiae, ārum, f.

the things left; remnant, 1.30; relics, remains, 4.343. (relinquō)

9
relūceō, lūxī, 2, n.

to shine back or again, or brightly; glow, flash, 2.312; to take fire, 12.300.

2
remeō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to go back, return, 2.95.

2
remētior, mēnsus sum, 4, dep. a.

to measure again, retrace, recross, 2.181; survey, observe again, 5.25.

3
rēmex, igis, m.

an oarsman, a rower, 4.588; a band of oarsmen, crew, oarsmen, 5.116. (rēmus and agō)

2
rēmigium, iī, n.

a rowing; oarage, rowing movement, 1.301; body of rowers, oarsmen; a crew, 3.471; rēmigium ālārum = ālae, wings, 6.19. (rēmex)

6
reminīscor, 3, dep. n. and a.

to call to mind; recall, remember, think of, 10.782. (re- and rt. men, cf. memini)

1
remittō, mīsī, missus, 3, a.

to let go back; send back, 2.543, et al.; send up, 5.99; repay, 4.436; yield up, resign, 10.828; give up, 11.346; forego, lay aside, 5.419; give back, reëcho, 12.929; sē remittere, to submit, yield, 12.833.

17