Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid
pābulum, ī, n.

feeding material; food, pasturage, pasture, 1.473. (pāscō)

2
Pachӯnum, ī, n.

Pachynum or Pachynus, the southeastern promontory of Sicily, 3.429.

3
pācifer, era, erum

adj. (pāx and ferō), peace-bringing; symbolical of peace; peaceful, 8.116.

1
pacīscor, pactus sum, 3, dep. n.

to make a bargain; to agree upon, stipulate, contract, 4.99; purchase, 12.49; hazard, stake, 5.230; plight, betroth, 10.722.

4
pācō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to render peaceful; to quiet, 6.803. (pāx)

1
pacta, ae, f.

one contracted for; a bride, 10.79. (pacīscor)

2
Pactōlus, ī, m.

a river of Lydia which was said to wash down golden sand, 10.142.

1
Padus, ī, m.

the river Po, the mythical Eridanus, 9.680, et al.

1
Padūsa, ae, f.

a branch of the Po, 11.457.

1
Paeān, ānis, m. (acc. paeāna and -em)

originally Paean, the god of healing; later applied to Apollo; hence, a hymn in honor of Apollo, or of other deities; a triumphal chant; a paean, 6.657; song or shout of victory, 10.738.

2
paenitet, uit, 2, impers. or a. and n.

lit. it repents one; one repents, regrets, 1.549, et al.

1
Paeonius, a, um

(adj.), pertaining to Paeon, god of medicine; medicinal, healing, 7.769.

2
Pagasus, ī, m.

an Etruscan, 11.670.

1
Palaemōn, onis, m.

Palaemon, a sea-god, son of Athamas and Ino; also called Melicerta, 5.823.

1
palaestra, ae, f.

a place for wrestling or exercize, 6.642; pl., wrestling, gymnastic, or palaestric games, 3.281.

2
palam

(adv.), openly, 9.153; plainly, 7.428.

2
Palamēdēs, is, m.

Palamedes, son of the Euboean king Nauplius, who derived his lineage from the Egyptian king Belus, and one of the Greek chiefs at Troy; killed through the intrigues of Ulysses, 2.82.

1
Palātīnus, a, um

adj. (Palātium), belonging to, dwelling on the Palatine hill, 9.9.

1
Palīcī, ōrum, m.

the Palici; two sons of Jupiter and the nymph Thalia or Aetna, 9.585.

1
Palinūrus, ī, m.

1. The pilot of Aeneas, 3.202, et al. 2. Promontory said to have been named from him, Palinurus, now Palinuro, 6.381.

13
palla, ae, f.

a long and ample robe; mantle, 1.648.

6
Palladius, a, um

adj. (Pallas), pertaining to Pallas or Minerva, Palladian; subst., Palladium, iī, n., the Palladium or image of Pallas, supposed to have been sent from heaven as a gift to the Trojans, and as a pledge of the safety of Troy so long as it should be preserved within the city, 2.166, et al.

3
Pallantēum, ī, n.

the city of Evander on the Palatine, 8.54, et al.

2
Pallantēus, a, um

adj. (Pallantēum), pertaining to Pallanteum or the city of Evander; Pallantean, 9.241.

2
Pallas, adis, f.

Pallas Athena, identified by the Romans with Minerva, 1.39; rāmus Palladis, the bough sacred to Pallas, the olive, 7.154.

10
Pallās, antis, m.

1. A king of Arcadia, great-grandfather of Evander, 8.51. 2. Pallas, son of Evander, 8.104, et al.

42
palleō, uī, 2, n.

to be pale; p., pallēns, entis, pallid, wan, pale, 4.26.

5
palleō, uī, 2, n.

to be pale; p., pallēns, entis, pallid, wan, pale, 4.26.

1
pallidus, a, um

adj. (palleō), pale, pallid, 3.217; ghastly, 8.197.

6
pallor, ōris, m.

paleness, pallor, 4.499. (palleō)

2
palma, ae, f.

the palm of the hand, 8.69; the hand, 1.93; palm branch, 5.111; a palm branch or wreath as the symbol of victory; reward, prize, 5.349; victory; a victor, 5.339.

28
palmōsus, a, um

adj. (palma), full of palm trees; palmy, 3.705.

1
palmula, ae, f.

a small palm; an oar-blade, 5.163. (palma)

1
Palmus, ī, m.

a Trojan, 10.697.

2
pālor, ātus sum, 1, dep. n.

to wander about, wander, 9.21; go astray; straggle, retreat, flee, 5.265.

7
palūs, ūdis, f.

a marsh, swamp, moor, fen, 6.107; water, 6.414; pond, lake, 8.88.

10
pampineus, a, um

adj. (pampinus), covered with vine tendrils; entwined with vines, vine-wreathed, 6.804.

2
Pān, Pānos (acc. Pāna), m.

the god of fields and woods, 8.344, et al.

1
panacēa, ae, f.

an herb which cured all diseases; all-heal, 12.419.

1
Pandarus, ī, m.

Pandarus, a Mysian chief, allied with the Trojans, who broke the truce at Troy by wounding Menelaus with his arrow, 5.496, et al.

5
pandō, pandī, passus or pānsus, 3, a.

to spread out or open, 7.641; unfurl, 3.520; extend, expose, 6.740; break through, open, 2.234; unbind, dishevel, 1.480; (fig.), disclose, declare, explain, reveal, 3.179.

25
pangō, pēgī or pepigī, pāctus, 3, a.

to fasten; strike, covenant, agree to, contract, 10.902; appoint, 11.133; devise, attempt, undertake, 8.144.

4
Panopēa, ae, f.

Panopea, a sea-nymph, daughter of Nereus, 5.240.

2
Panopēs, is, m.

Panopes, a Sicilian youth, companion of Achates, 5.300.

1
Pantagiās, ae, m.

Pantagias, a river on the east coast of Sicily, 3.689.

1
panthēra, ae, f.

a panther, 8.460.

1
Panthūs (Panthous), ī, m.

Panthus, son of Othrys and father of Euphorbus, slain at the capture of Troy, 2.318, et al.

4
papāver, eris, n.

the poppy, 4.486.

2
Paphos (-us), ī, f.

Paphos, a town in the western part of Cyprus, devoted to the worship of Venus, 1.415.

3
papilla, ae, f.

a nipple; the breast, 11.803.

2
pār, paris

(adj.), equal, 1.705; like, 2.794; equal, well-poised, steady, 4.252; side by side, 5.580; well-matched, 5.114.

26
parō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to make ready, prepare, build, 3.160; (w. inf.), begin, get ready, 1.179; undertake, 6.369; n., 2.121.

13
Parca, ae, f.

more freq. pl., Parcae, ārum, f., the Fates (Clotho, the spinner, Lachesis, the allotter, and Atropos, the unaverted), 1.22, et al.

8
parcō, pepercī, parcitus, 3, n.

to spare, w. dat.; refrain from using, save, 8.317; spare, forbear to hurt or persecute, 1.526; cease, abstain, refrain from, 1.257; regard, yield to, 10.880; w. inf., beware, forbear. (rel. to parcus, scanty)

15
parēns, entis, c.

a parent; father, sire, 1.75, et al.; mother, 2.591; ancestor, 2.448, et al. (pariō)

67
pāreō, uī, itus, 2, n.

to appear; to present one's self; to obey, 1.689; to be subject, under command; to follow, 10.179; answer, reveal signs or omens, 10.176.

17
pariēs, etis, m.

a wall, whether partition or external wall, 5.589; 2.442.

2
pariō, peperī, partus, 3, a.

to bring forth, bear, 6.89; procure, 6.435; win, 2.578; secure, 3.495; p., partus, a, um, born; produced, prepared, 2.784; won, 5.229.

8
Paris, idis, m.

Paris, son of Priam and Hecuba, who occasioned the Trojan war by carrying off Helen from Sparta; slain by the arrow of Philoctetes, 4.215, et al.

9
pariter

(adv.), equally, 2.729; also, in like manner, in the same manner, on equal terms, 1.572; side by side, 2.205; at the same time, 10.865; pariter — pariter, 8.545. (pār)

30
Parius, a, um

adj. (Paros), of Paros; Parian, 1.593.

1
parma, ae, f.

a small round shield or buckler, usually carried by light troops, 11.693, et al.; in gen., a shield, 2.175.

8
parō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to make ready, prepare, build, 3.160; (w. inf.), begin, get ready, 1.179; undertake, 6.369; n., 2.121.

45
Parrhasius, a, um

adj. (Parrhasia), of Parrhasia in Arcadia; Parrhasian or Arcadian, 11.31.

2
pars, partis, f.

a part, freq.; share, portion, 3.223; side, part, 4.153; way, 8.21; quarter, direction, 12.521; partnership, share, 12.145; w. ellipsis of first pars, 5.108.

88
Parthenius, iī, m.

a Trojan, 10.748.

1
Parthenopaeus, ī, m.

Parthenopaeus, son of Meleager and Atalanta, and one of the seven chiefs who fought against Thebes, 6.480.

1
Parthī, ōrum, m.

the Parthi, a nation occupying the country of the Medes and Persians.

3
partim

(adv.), in part; partly, 10.330, et al. (pars)

4
partior, ītus sum, 4, dep. a.

to share, divide, distribute, 1.194; separate, 5.562. (pars)

4
partus, ūs, m.

a bringing forth; birth, 1.274; offspring; son, 7.321. (pariō)

1
partus, ūs, m.

a bringing forth; birth, 1.274; offspring; son, 7.321. (pariō)

6
parum

(adv.), only a little, too little; little; not, 6.862. (comp.) minus, less; otherwise, 3.561; (superl.) minimē, least; very little; in the least degree; not at all, 6.97. (cf. parvus)

18
parumper

(adv.), a little while; for a short time, 6.382. (parum and -per)

1
Paros, ī, f.

Paros, an island in the Aegean, one of the Cyclades, celebrated for its statuary marble, 3.126.

1
parvulus, a, um

adj. (parvus), very little; small, little, 4.328.

1
parvum, ī, n.,

a small estate, 6.843; small property, little, 9.607; pl., small affairs, 1.24.

3
parvus, a, um (comp., minor, us; sup., minimus, a, um)

(adj.), small, little, 2.677, et al.; a child, infant, 10.317; subst., parvum, ī, n., a small estate, 6.843; small property, little, 9.607; pl., small affairs, 1.24; abl., parvō, at small expense, 10.494; comp., minor, us, less, smaller; younger, 9.593; inferior, 10.129; pl., minōrēs, um, m., descendants, posterity, 1.532.

37
pāscō, pāvī, pāstus, 3, a. and n.

to furnish with food; to feed; rear, breed, 6.655; nourish, 1.608; (fig.), 1.464; let grow, 7.391; cherish, indulge, nourish, 10.627; pass. as dep., pāscor, pāstus sum, 3, a. and n., to graze, 1.186; feed upon, eat, 2.471; use for pasture, to pasture, 11.319.

10
pāscō, pāvī, pāstus, 3, a. and n.

to furnish with food; to feed; rear, breed, 6.655; nourish, 1.608; (fig.), 1.464; let grow, 7.391; cherish, indulge, nourish, 10.627; pass. as dep., pāscor, pāstus sum, 3, a. and n., to graze, 1.186; feed upon, eat, 2.471; use for pasture, to pasture, 11.319.

5
Pāsiphaē, ēs, f.

Pasiphaë, daughter of Helios, wife of Minos, and mother of Androgeos, Phaedra, Ariadne, and the Minotaur, 6.25.

2
passim

(adv.), here and there, in all directions; everywhere, 2.364, et al. (passus)

13
passus, ūs, m.

a spreading or stretching; a step, pace, 2.724. (pandō)

4
pāstor, ōris, m.

one who feeds; herdsman, shepherd, 2.58. (pāscō)

11
pāstōrālis, e

adj. (pāstor), pertaining to shepherds; country, rustic, 7.513.

2
pāstus, ūs, m.

a pasturing, feeding; pasture, 11.494. (pāscō)

2
Patavium, iī, n.

Patavium, now Padua, an ancient town in northern Italy, 1.247.

1
patefaciō, fēcī, factus (pass, patefierī), 3, a.

to open, 2.259. (pateō and faciō)

1
patēns, entis

open; broad, gaping, 11.40.

4
pateō, uī, 2, n.

to be or stand open, 1.298; fly open, open, 6.81; to lie open, to open, extend, 12.710; stretch, 6.578; stand exposed or ready, 11.644; (fig.), be evident, patent, clear, manifest, 1.405.

14
pater, tris, m.

a father, 1.60, et al.; sire, ancestor, forefather, 1.641; often for Jupiter, 1.60; applied to many of the gods, 5.241, et al; often to rivers and lakes; pl., parents, 2.579; elders, senators, fathers, chiefs, 4.682; pater Rōmānus, Augustus (or, perhaps, the Roman citizen), 9.449. (πατήρ)

172
patera, ae, f.

a broad, saucer-shaped dish, used in making libations; a libation cup, patera, 1.729. (pateō)

12
paternus, a, um

adj. (pater), pertaining to a father; a father's, of a father, 5.81; derived from a father; paternal, ancestral, 3.121.

9
patēscō, patuī, 3, inc. n.

to begin to be open; to be open to view, stand open, 2.483; open, 3.530; become evident, manifest, 2.309. (pateō)

3
patiēns, entis

submissive, patiently, 5.390; w. gen., yielding, submitting, 6.77. (patior)

4
patior, passus sum, 3, dep. a.

to suffer, permit, allow, 1.644; submit to, bear, undergo, endure, 1.219.

32
patria, ae, f.

(sc. terra), father or native land; one's country, 2.291, et al.; ancestral land, 1.380; a country, land, 1.540.

42
patrius, a, um

adj. (pater), pertaining to one's father or ancestors; a father's, 2.658; paternal, natural to a father, 1.643; exacted by a father, 7.766; due to, felt for a father or parent, 9.294; ancestral, hereditary, 3.249; of one's country, native, 3.281; belonging to the nation, of the country, 11.374.

54
Patrōn, ōnis, m.

Patron, a follower of Aeneas, 5.298.

1
patruus, ī, m.

a father's brother, paternal uncle, uncle, 6.402. (pater)

1