Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid
ō

(interj. expressing joy, grief, astonishment, desire, or indignation), O! oh! ah! w. voc., 2.281, et al.; w. sī and the subj., oh that, 11.415; sometimes placed after the word to which it relates, 2.281.

108
ob

(prep.) owing to, for, on account of, 1.4; for the sake of, 6.660.

16
obdūcō, dūxī, ductus, 3, a.

to draw or lead towards; draw over, 2.604.

2
obeō, īvī or iī, itus, īre, irreg. n. and a.

to go towards or to; meet; visit, travel over, traverse, 6.801; survey (with the eye), 10.447; surround, encircle, encompass, 6.58; enter, take part in, engage in, 6.167; undergo, suffer, 10.641.

8
ōbex, icis, m. and f.

an obstacle; a barrier, 10.377; a bolt, bar, 8.227. (ob and iaciō)

3
obiciō, iēcī, iectus, 3, a.

to throw against or towards; throw to, 6.421; present, oppose, 2.444; bar against, shut, 9.45; cast upon, 7.480; subject, expose, 4.549; (pass.), to be presented, appear, 5.522; p., obiectus, a, um, thrown towards or against; opposite, projecting, 3.534. (ob and iaciō)

14
obiectō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a.

to throw towards, before, or against; to expose to, 2.751. (obiciō)

2
obiectus, ūs, m.

a throwing against; projection, opposition, 1.160. (obiciō)

1
obitus, ūs, m.

a going to; an encountering one's time, day, or death; destruction, death, 4.694. (obeō)

2
oblīquō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to bend, turn to one side, veer, 5.16. (oblīquus)

1
oblīquus, a, um

(adj.), turning sideways; slanting, lying across, 5.274; (fig.), indirect, cowardly, dastardly, 11.337.

2
oblīvīscor, oblītus sum, 3, dep. n. and a.

to forget, w. acc. or gen. of object, 2.148; to be heedless, unmindful, forgetful of, 5.174; p., oblītus, a, um, having forgotten; forgetful, 4.528.

9
oblīvium, iī, n.

oblivion, forgetfulness, 6.715. (oblīvīscor)

1
obloquor, locūtus sum, 3, dep. a. and n.

to speak to or against; sing or play in response, w. acc., 6.646.

1
obluctor, ātus sum, 1, dep. n.

to strive, struggle, press against, 3.38.

1
obmūtēscō, mūtuī, 3, inc. n.

to become speechless or dumb; to be silent, hushed, mute, 4.279.

2
obnītor, nīxus or nīsus sum, 3, dep. n.

to press, push against, w. dat., 12.105; without an object, push, 4.406; struggle, resist, 4.332; bear up, 5.21; strive, strike against, 5.206.

7
obnītor, nīxus or nīsus sum, 3, dep. n.

to press, push against, w. dat., 12.105; without an object, push, 4.406; struggle, resist, 4.332; bear up, 5.21; strive, strike against, 5.206.

1
obnūbō, nūpsī, nūptus, 3, a.

to cover up, 11.77.

1
oborior, ortus sum, 4, dep. n.

to arise, spring up; gush, burst forth, 3.492.

4
obruō, uī, utus, 3, a.

to cover over; bury; overwhelm, 1.69; overpower, 2.424; destroy, 5.692.

8
obscēnus, a, um

adj. (caenum), filthy, indecent, loathsome, foul, 3.241; horrible, 3.367.

6
obscūrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to darken, 12.253. (obscūrus)

1
obscūrus, a, um

(adj.), dim, dark, dusky, obscure, 1.411; uncertain; of persons, unseen, 2.135; in the darkness, 6.268; pl., obscūra, ōrum, dim places; obscurity, uncertainty, 6.100.

1
obscūrus, a, um

(adj.), dim, dark, dusky, obscure, 1.411; uncertain; of persons, unseen, 2.135; in the darkness, 6.268; pl., obscūra, ōrum, dim places; obscurity, uncertainty, 6.100.

17
obsideō, sēdī, sessus, 2, n. and a.

to sit in or on; abide; hold, occupy, 3.421; besiege, beset, 2.441; throng, 12.133; obstruct, fill up, choke. (ob and sedeō)

1
obserō, sēvī, situs, 3, a.

to plant upon or over; p., obsitus, a, um, overgrown, covered over, 7.790; hoary, 8.307.

2
observō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to note, observe, mark, watch, 6.198; remember, 9.393; observe, respect, revere.

4
obsideō, sēdī, sessus, 2, n. and a.

to sit in or on; abide; hold, occupy, 3.421; besiege, beset, 2.441; throng, 12.133; obstruct, fill up, choke. (ob and sedeō)

13
obsidiō, ōnis, f.

a blockade or siege, 3.52. (obsideō)

5
obsīdō, 3, a.

to set before, watch, 9.159; block up, beset, 11.516; invade, occupy, 7.334.

2
obstō, stitī, stātus, 1, n.

to stand before or against; withstand, oppose, hinder, restrain, 4.91; to be obnoxious, 6.64.

8
obstruō, strūxī, strūctus, 3, a.

to build before or against; to stop, close up, 4.440.

1
obstipēscō, stipuī (stupuī), 3, inc. n.

to become stupefied; to be astonished, amazed, 1.613.

16
obtegō, tēxī, tēctus, 3, a.

to cover up or over, 2.300.

1
obtendō, tendī, tentus, 3, a.

to stretch before; draw, spread, 10.82; spread over.

1
obtentus, ūs, m.

a spreading over; a covering, 11.66. (obtendō)

1
obtestor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a.

to call to witness; conjure, implore, 7.576; beseech, 10.46; swear, 9.260.

5
obtexō, texuī, textus, 3, a.

to weave over; cover, cloud, darken, 11.611.

1
obtorqueō, torsī, tortus, 2, a.

to turn round, twist, 5.559.

1
obtruncō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to lop off; cut down; cut to pieces, slay, 2.663.

6
obtūsus, a, um

enfeebled, blunted, unfeeling, 1.567. (obtundō, tudī, tūsus/tunsus, 3, a., to beat against; beat up; to make blunt, dull)

1
obtūtus, ūs, m.

a looking at; look, gaze, 1.495. (obtueor)

3
obvertō, vertī, versus, 3, a.

to turn towards, 6.3; turn round (towards the sea), 3.549; p., obversus, a, um, turned or turning, wheeling, 11.601; turning against; directly opposite, facing towards, 9.622.

3
obvius, a, um

adj. (ob and via), in the way; presenting one's self or itself; meeting, 1.314; against, 6.880; opposing, 9.56; in the way of; exposed to, 3.499; obvius fierī, to encounter, meet, 10.380.

18
obumbrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to overshadow; darken, 12.578; screen, protect, shield, 11.223.

2
obuncus, a, um

(adj.), bent in, hooked, 6.597.

2
obūstus, a, um

adj. (ob and ūrō), burnt, hardened in the fire, 7.506.

2
occāsus, ūs, m.

a going down; setting; the west, 11.317; fall, ruin, destruction, 1.238. (1. occidō)

4
occidō, cidī, cāsus, 3, n.

to go down; set; fall, perish, 2.581; die. (ob and cadō)

9
occīdō, cīdī, cīsus, 3, a.

to slay, kill, slaughter, 11.193. (ob and caedō)

3
occubō, 1, n.

to lie, rest (in death), 1.547.

3
occulō, culuī, cultus, 3, a.

to cover up; hide, conceal, 1.312; p., occultus, a, um, secret, hidden, 3.695.

2
occultē

(adv.), secretly, 12.418. (occultus)

1
occultō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a.

to hide carefully; cover up; hide, conceal, secrete, 2.45. (occulō)

2
occulō, culuī, cultus, 3, a.

to cover up; hide, conceal, 1.312; p., occultus, a, um, secret, hidden, 3.695.

3
occumbō, cubuī, cubitus, 3, n.

to sink, fall upon; die, 1.97; meet, 2.62. (ob and cubō)

4
occupō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to take against or before; get beforehand; take possession; seize, 7.446; possess, cover, 4.499; fill, reach, 3.294; smite, 9.770; surprise, hit by surprise, 10.384; anticipate in striking, strike beforehand, 10.699; hit first, 12.300. (ob and capiō)

11
occurrō, currī or cucurrī, cursus, 3, n.

to run, hasten to, or to meet, 3.82; meet, 10.220; make an attack, encounter, 10.282; present one's self, intervene, appear, 1.682; meet in speech, respond, reply, 12.625. (ob and currō)

17
Ōceanus, ī, m.

the god Oceanus; the waters encompassing the lands; the ocean, 1.287; distinguished as eastern and western, 7.101.

9
ōcior, ius

adj. comp. (superl., ōcissimus, a, um), swifter, more fleet, 5.319, et al.; (adv.), ōcius, more swiftly; rapidly, speedily, quickly, swiftly, 12.681.

4
ōcior, ius

adj. comp. (superl., ōcissimus, a, um), swifter, more fleet, 5.319, et al.; (adv.), ōcius, more swiftly; rapidly, speedily, quickly, swiftly, 12.681.

10
Ocnus, ī, m.

founder of Mantua, 10.198.

1
ocrea, ae, f.

a greave; a covering made of metal for the protection of the leg, 7.634, et al.

2
oculus, ī, m.

an eye, 1.228, et al.; nūllīs oculīs, with unconcerned, untroubled eyes (as if without sight), 11.726.

88
ōdī, ōdisse, def. a.

(perf. with present meaning), to hate, 2.158; curse, 10.505.

7
odium, iī, n.

hatred, 1.361; animosity, enmity, 2.96, et al. (ōdī)

13
odor, ōris, m.

scent, smell, odor, fragrance, 1.403; disagreeable odor, stench, 3.228; foul fumes, 12.591.

4
odōrātus, a, um

sweet-smelling, fragrant, 6.658.

2
odōrifer, era, erum

adj. (odor and ferō), bearing odor; sweet, sweet-scented, 12.419.

1
odōrus, a, um

adj. (odor), that emits a smell; having a keen sense of smell, keen-scented, 4.132.

1
Oebalus, ī, m.

an Italian prince, ally of Turnus, 7.734.

1
Oechalia, ae, f.

a city of Euboea, 8.291.

1
Oenōtrius, and Oenōtrus, a, um

adj. (Oenōtria), of Oenotria, an ancient name of Southern Italy; Italian, Oenotrian, 1.532, et al.

1
Oenōtrius, and Oenōtrus, a, um

adj. (Oenōtria), of Oenotria, an ancient name of Southern Italy; Italian, Oenotrian, 1.532, et al.

2
offa, ae, f.

a mouthful, a bit, lump, morsel, 6.420.

1
offerō, obtulī, oblātus, ferre, irreg. a.

to bring towards; present, offer, oppose, 6.291; w. reflex. pron., present one's self or itself, 2.61; expose, 7.425; appear, 1.450. (ob and ferō)

13
officium, iī, n.

anything done for another; service, duty, favor, kindness, 1.548. (officiō, come in the way of)

1
offulgeō, fulsī, 2, n.

to shine against, flash upon, 9.110. (ob and fulgeō)

1
Oīleus (trisyll.), eī, ī, or eos

patronymic, son of Oileus, the king of Locris, 1.41.

1
olea, ae, f.

an olive, olive berry, olive tree.

1
Ōlearos, ī, f.

one of the Cyclades, southwest of Paros, 3.126.

1
oleaster, trī, m.

the wild olive. (olea)

1
oleō, uī, 2, n. and a.

to emit a smell; to smell of; p., olēns, entis, smelling; fragrant, 11.137; strong-scented.

2
oleum, ī, n.

olive oil, oil, 3.281.

3
ōlim

(adv.), some time ago; formerly, once, 1.653, et al.; at some future time; hereafter, some time, 1.20; at times, ofttimes, 5.125.

20
olīva, ae, f.

an olive tree, 6.230; olive branch, olive wreath, 5.309.

8
olīvifer, fera, ferum

adj. (olīva and ferō), olive-bearing, abounding in olives, 7.711.

1
olīvum, ī, n.

olive oil, 6.225, et al. (olīva)

1
olor, ōris, m.

a swan, 11.580.

1
olōrīnus, a, um

adj. (olor), of the swan; swan's, 10.187.

1
Olympus, ī, m.

Olympus, the name of several mountains in Greece and Asia Minor, the most famous of which was Mount Olympus in the northeastern part of Thessaly; the home of the superior gods; heaven, Olympus, 1.374; referring to the gods, 8.533.

25
ōmen, inis, n.

a prognostic, token, sign, omen, 2.182; (meton.), evil, 2.190; auspicious beginning, 7.174; pl., auspices; rites, 1.346; in ōmen, as or for a warning, 12.854.

21
omnigenus, a, um

adj. (gen. pl., omnigenum), of all sorts, of every kind, 8.698.

1
omnīno

(adv.), wholly, entirely, altogether, 4.330. (omnis)

2
omniparēns, entis

adj. (omnis and pariō), all-producing, parent, mother of all, 6.595.

1
omnipotēns, entis

adj. (omnis and potēns), all-powerful, almighty, 1.60; supreme, sovereign, 10.1; subst., The Almighty, 4.220.

21
omnipotēns, entis

adj. (omnis and potēns), all-powerful, almighty, 1.60; supreme, sovereign, 10.1; subst., The Almighty, 4.220.

1
omnis, e

(adj.), all, the whole, 6.138; every, 1.160; universal, supreme, 1.236; subst., omnēs, ium, m., all men; omnia, ium, n., all things, 6.33; everything, 1.91.

330
onerō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to load; the thing or material with which, usually in abl. and rarely in acc., 1.706; stow, lade, store away, w. dat. of the thing receiving, 1.195; (fig.), burden, overwhelm, 4.549. (onus)

1