Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid
Machāōn, onis, m.

a Greek prince, surgeon of the Greeks at Troy, and said to have been the son of Aesculapius, 2.263.

1
māchina, ae, f.

a machine, fabric, engine, 2.46, et al.

4
maciēs, ēī, f.

emaciation, leanness; ghastliness, 3.590.

1
māctus, a, um

(adj.), only used in nom. and vocat., honored; voc., mācte, well done! go on! 9.641.

1
māctō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to magnify by worship; to sacrifice, immolate, 2.202; slay, slaughter, 8.294, et al.

13
macula, ae, f.

a spot, 5.566, et al.

3
maculō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to spot; stain; defile, 3.29; (fig.), 10.851. (macula)

2
maculōsus, a, um

adj. (macula), covered with spots; speckled, spotted, 1.323.

2
madefaciō, fēcī, factus, 3, a.; (pass.), madefīō, factus sum, fierī

to make wet, to wet, moisten, 5.330. (madeō and faciō)

1
madeō, 2, n.

to be moist, wet; drenched, 12.691; p., madēns, entis, wet, moist; besmeared, perfumed, 4.216.

5
madēscō, maduī, 3, inc. n.

to become wet; drip, be drenched, 5.697. (madeō)

1
madidus, a, um

adj. (madeō), wet, dripping, drenched, 5.179.

2
Maeander, drī, m.

a river of Ionia, famous for its windings; met., a winding; a waving or winding border, 5.251.

1
Maeōn, onis, m.

Maeon, a Rutulian, 10.337.

1
Maeonia, ae, f.

the ancient name of Lydia, the country in Asia Minor whence emigrated the Tyrrhenians or Etruscans to Italy; hence, for Etruria, 8.499.

1
Maeonidae, ārum, m.

Maeonians or Lydians; people of Lydian descent; hence, Tyrrhenians or Etrurians, Etruscans, 11.759.

1
Maeonius, a, um

(adj.), of Maeonia; Maeonian, Lydian, 4.216, et al.

3
Maeōtius, a, um

adj. (Maeōtae), pertaining to the Maeotae, or Scythians on the Palus Maeotis, or Sea of Azof; Maeotian, 6.799.

1
maereō, 2, n. and a.

to be sorrowful, sad; mourn, grieve, 1.197, et al. (cf. miser)

2
maereō, 2, n. and a.

to be sorrowful, sad; mourn, grieve, 1.197, et al. (cf. miser)

6
maestus, a, um

adj. (maereō), sad, sorrowful, 2.270, et al.; melancholy, depressing, 1.202; gloomy, mournful, 3.64; betokening grief, 11.35.

36
māgālia, ium, n. pl

huts, dwellings, 1.421. (a Punic word)

2
magis, and short form, mage

(adv.), in a greater measure; more, 5.94; 10.481; the more, 7.787; for potius, by preference, rather, 5.29; better, 4.452. (rel. to māgnus)

1
magicus, a, um

(adj.), pertaining to magi, or magicians; magic, 4.493.

1
magis, and short form, mage

(adv.), in a greater measure; more, 5.94; 10.481; the more, 7.787; for potius, by preference, rather, 5.29; better, 4.452. (rel. to māgnus)

23
magister, trī, m.

master; governor, instructor, 5.669, et al.; leader, chief, 5.562; helmsman, pilot, 1.115; herdsman, 12.717. (rel. to māgnus and μέγας, great)

12
magistra, ae, f.

a mistress, directress; appositive, masterly, skill-giving, 8.442; teaching, instructive, 12.427. (magister)

2
magistrātus, ūs, m.

magistracy; a civil officer, magistrate, 1.426. (magister)

1
māgnanimus, a, um

adj. (māgnus and animus), possessing a great soul; noble-minded; great, generous, noble, 5.17; brave, 10.139; mighty, 12.144; of animals, high-spirited, highbred, 3.704.

12
māgnum

(adv.), largely, widely, greatly, loudly, 9.705.

1
māgnus, a, um; compar., māior, ius; superl., māximus, a, um

adj. (rel. to μέγας, great), great, 1.602, and freq.; wide, vast, extended, expansive, 1.300; grand, stately, lofty, towering, 3.703; in number, 1.148; in weight, 5.248; in rank, power, character, 1.241; mighty, 5.414; venerable, 6.544; formidable, direful, 2.190; comp., māior, with or without nātū, the elder; māximus, a, um, with or without nātū, eldest, 1.654, et al.; subst., māgnum, ī, n., a great, noble, difficult, lofty thing, freq.; māgna, ōrum, great things; great rewards, 2.161; (adv.), māgnum, largely, widely, greatly, loudly, 9.705.

282
Magus, ī, m.

a Rutulian, 10.521.

1
Māia (dissyll.), ae, f.

one of the Pleiades or seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione, who became by Jupiter the mother of Mercury, 1.297.

3
māiestās, ātis, f.

greatness; majesty, dignity, authority, power, 12.820. (māgnus, māius)

1
māla, ae, f.

the cheek bone, jaw, 5.436; pl., mālae, cheeks, 9.751; teeth, 3.257.

7
male

(adv.), badly, ill, wrongly, wickedly; for parum, or nōn, not, un-, 2.23, et al.; 4.8. (malus)

3
Malea, ae, f.

one of the southern promontories of Peloponnesus, 5.193.

1
malesuādus, a, um

adj. (male and suādeō), crime-impelling; desperate, 6.276.

1
mālifer, era, erum

fruit-producing, fruitful, 7.740.

1
malīgnus, a, um

adj. (malus and genō), spiteful, malicious, malignant, 5.654; treacherous, 6.270; = inīquus, inadequate, confined, 11.525.

3
mālō, māluī, mālle, irreg. a.

to wish rather or more; to prefer. (magis and volō)

5
malum, ī, n.

an evil, a misfortune, calamity, adversity; suffering, woe, misery, 1.198; misdeed, crime, sin, wickedness, 6.739; pest, curse, scourge, 4.174; mischief, poison, 7.375.

25
malus, a, um

(adj.), bad; noxious, baneful, poisonous, 2.471; morally, hostile, 3.398; evil, wicked, impious, 1.352; ill-boding; subst., malus, ī, m., a wicked man or person; pl., the wicked, 6.542; comp., pēior, ius, worse.

5
mālus, ī, m.

a standing pole; a mast, 5.487, et al.

7
mamma, ae, f.

the breast, 1.492.

2
mandātum, ī, n.

a charge, order, command, 4.270, et al.

8
mandō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to give in hand or consign; w. acc. alone, or acc. and dat., or inf.; to commission, charge, bid, command, 4.222; place, deposit; commit, consign, confide, intrust, 3.50; of burial, to inter; order, w. inf. (manus and dō)

7
mandō, mandī, mānsus, 3, a.

to chew, bite, champ, 4.135; eat, devour, 3.627; of falling in battle, bite the dust, 11.669.

5
maneō, mānsī, mānsus, 2, n. and a.

to stay, remain; abide, 3.409; last, continue, endure, 1.609; abide by, adhere to, keep, w. dat., 2.160; w. acc., await, 3.505; attend, 9.299. (rel. to μένω, remain)

44
Mānēs, ium, m.

the deities of the lower world, 6.896; gods or powers below, 12.646; the spirits or souls of the dead in Hades; ghosts, shades, Manes, 3.63; penalties of the lower world, punishments, expiations, purgatory, 6.743; abode of the dead, 4.387; infernal regions, the world below, 10.820.

23
manica, ae, f.

something connected with the hand; a sleeve reaching to the hand; a long sleeve; found only in the pl., manicae, ārum, sleeves, 9.616; handcuffs, chains, cords, manacles, 2.146. (manus)

2
manifēstē

(adv.), manifestly; comp., manifēstius, more plainly, evidently, clearly, 8.16. (manifēstus)

1
manifēstus, a, um

(adj.), made obvious; palpable, plain, clear, evident, 2.309; manifest, visible, 3.151, et al.

5
manīplus, ī, m.

a handful, a bundle, bunch; the standard or ensign of a company of soldiers, bearing on the top originally a bundle of hay; hence, (meton.), a troop, a company, 11.463, et al. (manus and pleō)

2
Mānlius, iī, m.

M. Manlius Capitolinus, who saved the Capitol from the Gauls, and was afterwards condemned to be cast from the Tarpeian rock for alleged treason, 8.652.

1
mānō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to ooze forth, 3.175; distill, trickle, drop, 3.43; flow.

2
mantēle, is, n.

a handcloth, a napkin, towel, 1.702.

1
Mantō, ūs, f.

a nymph and prophetess, mother of Ocnus, founder of Mantua, 10.199.

1
Mantua, ae, f.

a city of northern Italy, on the Mincius.

2
manus, ūs, f.

the hand, 1.487; freq.; (meton.), action, movement of the hand; work, art, handiwork, 3.486; prowess, heroic deed, action, 2.434; force, violence, 2.645; a collection of persons; a band, crew, troop; an army, 2.29; forces, 5.623; multitude, 6.660; pl., manūs, workmen, 11.329; dare manūs, to yield, 11.558; extrēma manus, the finishing hand or touch, 7.572.

206
Mārcellus, ī, m.

the name of a Roman family in which the most illustrious were Marcus Claudius Marcellus, the first successful opponent of Hannibal, and the conqueror of Syracuse (212, B.C.), 6.855; and his descendant, C. Claudius Marcellus, a son of Gaius Claudius Marcellus and Octavia, sister of Augustus; who was adopted by that emperor and died in early youth, 23 B.C., 6.883.

2
mare, is, n.

the sea, freq.; ocean, 1.84; water, flood, 1.246.

61
Marīca, ae, f.

a nymph of the river Liris, supposed to be the mother of the Latins, 7.47.

1
marīnus, a, um

adj. (mare), of the sea; sea-.

1
marītus, i, m.

a husband, 3.297; suitor, 4.35. (mās)

4
marmor, oris, n.

marble, 6.69; of the surface of the sea, 10.208.

6
marmoreus, a, um

adj. (marmor), of marble, marble, 4.392; like marble; smooth, marble-, 6.729; fair.

2
Marpēsius, a, um

adj. (Marpēsus), of Marpesus, a mountain in Paros; Marpesian, Parian, 6.471.

1
Marruvius, a, um

adj. (Marruvium), of Marruvium, the capital of the Marsi; Marsian, 7.750.

1
Mārs (archaic form, Māvors), Mārtis

Mars, son of Jupiter and Juno; the patron of war and tutelar god of the Romans, 1.274, et al.; (meton.), martial spirit, courage, warlike fury, 6.165; battle, conflict, 2.335, et al.

43
Mārsī, ōrum, m.

a tribe of the Apennines, among the most warlike of the Italians, 10.544, et al.

1
Mārsus, a, um

adj. (Mārsī), Marsian, 7.758.

1
Māvortius, a, um or Mārtius, a, um

adj. (Māvors), pertaining to Mavors or Mars; ; warlike, martial; of Mars, 1.276; son of Mars, 6.777; received in battle, honorable, 7.182; sacred to Mars, 9.566.

7
māssa, ae, f.

a lump, mass, 8.453.

1
Massicus, a, um

adj. (Massicus), of Mount Massicus, in Campania; Massic; subst., Massica, ōrum, n. (sc. iuga), the Massic hills, 7.726.

1
Massicus, ī, m.

an Etruscan warrior, 10.166.

1
Massӯlī, ōrum or um, m.

the Massyli, a people in the northern part of Numidia, 6.60.

1
Massӯlus, a, um

adj. (Massӯlī), Massylian, Libyan, 4.132.

2
māter, matris, f.

a mother, matron, 1.314; 2.489; parent stem, trunk, plant, or tree, 12.209; native, motherland, 10.172; Māter Īdaea, Māter (māgna), the Idaean Mother, the Great Mother of the gods, Cybele, 9.619. (μήτηρ)

82
māter, matris, f.

a mother, matron, 1.314; 2.489; parent stem, trunk, plant, or tree, 12.209; native, motherland, 10.172; Māter Īdaea, Māter (māgna), the Idaean Mother, the Great Mother of the gods, Cybele, 9.619. (μήτηρ)

2
māteriēs, ēī, f.

matter, stuff, material, 11.328. (rel. to māter)

1
māternus, a, um

adj. (māter), pertaining to a mother; mother's, maternal, 4.144; maternal, on the mother's side, 4.258; of a mother’s gift, 12.107.

7
mātrōna, ae, f.

a matron, mother, 11.476. (māter)

1
mātūrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to bring to maturity, ripen; fig.; hasten, speed, 1.137. (mātūrus)

1
mātūrus, a, um

(adj.), ripe, mature; advanced, 5.73.

5
mātūtīnus, a, um

adj. (Mātūta), pertaining to Matuta, goddess of the morning; in the morning, early, morning, 8.456.

2
Maurūsius, a, um

(adj.), Moorish, Mauretanian, 4.206.

1
Māximus, ī, m.

a title of Fabius Rullianus (cons. B.C. 322) and his descendants, the most illustrious of whom was Fabius Cunctator, 6.845.

1
meātus, ūs, m.

a going; passage, course, movement, motion, 6.849. (meō)

1
medeor, 2, dep. a. and n.

to heal, cure; (gerund abl. impers.), medendō, by treatment, 12.46.

2
medicīna, ae, f.

the healing art, 7.772; medicine, remedy. (medicīnus, sc. ars)

1
medicō, āvī, ātus, 1, a., and medicor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a. and n.

to heal with drugs; heal, 7.756; mix with drugs or poisons; medicate, drug, 6.420. (medicus)

2
medicō, āvī, ātus, 1, a., and medicor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a. and n.

to heal with drugs; heal, 7.756; mix with drugs or poisons; medicate, drug, 6.420. (medicus)

1
medicus, a, um

adj. (medeor), healing.

1
meditor, ātus sum, 1, dep. n. and a.

to think upon; meditate, 10.455; design, purpose, 4.171; practice, play.

3
medium, iī, n.

medium, iī, n., the middle, midst, 2.218; the intervening space, 6.131; ad medium, in the middle of the body, 12.273; in medium, into the midst, in public; before them, 5.401; for the common weal, 11.335.

21
medius, a, um

(adj.), mid, said of an inner point or part of a thing; midway, midst, 3.665, et al.; of one or of several objects, 1.440, et al.; of the location of a person or thing; intervening, between, 6.634; in the midst, 5.76; disturbing, untimely, 1.682; discordant, 1.348; subst., medius, iī, m., a mediator, 7.536.

164
Medōn, ontis, m.

one of the Trojan leaders or allies of Troy, 6.483.

1
medulla, ae, f.

pl. medullae, ārum, the marrow, 4.66. (rel. to medius)

2
Megaera, ae, f.

one of the Furies, 12.846.

1