Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid
labefaciō, fecī, factus, 3, a., (pass.), labefīō, fierī, factus (labō and faciō)

to cause to totter or waver; p., labefactus, a, um, shaken, 4.395; yielding, melting, 8.390.

2
lābēs, is, f.

a falling, sinking down; decline, beginning of evil or ruin, downward step, 2.97; corruption, stain, blemish, 6.746. (1. lābor)

2
Labīcī, ōrum, m.

the Labici, or people of Labicum or Labici, a Latin town near the present Colonna, 7.796.

1
labō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.

to give way, begin to yield; totter, 2.492; of the mind, waver, 4.22; falter, flag, despond, 12.223.

7
labor (labōs), ōris, m.

labor, effort, toil, working, work, 1.431, et al.; care; task, 4.115; effort, activity, of man, 11.425; adventure, enterprise, 2.385; burden, 2.708; fatigue, difficulty, hardship, 1.330; struggle, danger, distress, misfortune, calamity, woe, suffering, 1.10, et al.; hard fate, 12.727; an eclipse, 1.742; the product of work, workmanship, work, 1.455; personif., Labōs, Toil, 6.277.

73
lābor, lapsus sum, 3, dep. n.

to slide, glide down, or slip, freq.; fall down, 2.465; ebb, 11.628; pass away, 2.14; descend, 2.262; glide, sail, skim along, 8.91; flow, 3.281; fall, perish, 2.430; decline, 4.318; faint, 3.309.

41
labor (labōs), ōris, m.

labor, effort, toil, working, work, 1.431, et al.; care; task, 4.115; effort, activity, of man, 11.425; adventure, enterprise, 2.385; burden, 2.708; fatigue, difficulty, hardship, 1.330; struggle, danger, distress, misfortune, calamity, woe, suffering, 1.10, et al.; hard fate, 12.727; an eclipse, 1.742; the product of work, workmanship, work, 1.455; personif., Labōs, Toil, 6.277.

1
labōrō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to toil, make effort; work out; prepare, knead, 8.181; fashion; embroider, 1.639. (2. labor)

2
lābrum, ī, n.

a vat or tub; a bowl, vase, vessel, 8.22.

2
labrum, ī, n.

a lip, 11.572.

1
Labyrinthus, ī, m.

the Labyrinth, 5.588.

1
lac, lactis, n.

milk, 3.66, et al.; juice, 4.514.

4
Lacaena, ae, adj. f.

Lacedaemonian or Spartan; subst., the Spartan woman; Helen, 2.601.

2
Lacedaemōn, onis (acc. ona), f.

Lacedaemon or Sparta, the capital of Laconia, 7.363.

1
Lacedaemonius, a, um

(adj.), Lacedaemonian, Spartan, 3.328.

1
lacer, era, erum

(adj.), torn, mangled, bruised, mutilated, 5.275.

3
lacerō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to tear, mutilate; wound, 3.41; rend, 12.98. (lacer)

2
lacertus, ī, m.

the upper arm, from the shoulder to the elbow; the arm, 5.141, et al.

9
lacessō, cessīvī, cessītus, 3, intens. a.

to provoke, rouse, irritate, incite, 5.429; call forth, summon, rouse, 10.10; challenge, attack, assail, 11.585; strike, smite, 7.527; slap with the hand, caress, cheer, 12.85.

12
Lacīnius, a, um

adj. (Lacīnium), of Lacinium, a promontory near Croton, on the southern coast of Italy; Lacinian; Dīva Lacīnia, the Lacinian goddess; Juno, 3.552.

1
lacrima, ae, f.

a tear, 1.228, et al.

44
lacrimābilis, e

adj. (lacrimō), that calls for tears; piteous, 3.39; causing tears; woeful, disastrous, 7.604.

2
lacrimō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to shed tears, weep, 1.459. (lacrima)

13
lacrimōsus, a, um

adj. (lacrima), tearful; sad, mournful, piteous, 11.274.

1
lacteus, a, um

adj. (lac), milky, full of milk; milk-white, 8.660.

2
lacus, ūs, m.

a lake, pool, source, 8.74; fen, 2.135.

15
Ladēs, is, m.

a Lycian follower of Aeneas, slain by Turnus, 12.343.

1
Lādōn, ōnis, acc. -ōna, m.

Ladon, a follower of Pallas, 10.413.

1
laedō, laesī, laesus, 3, a.

to strike violently; smite, 2.231; bruise, strike, hit, 7.809; hurt, injure, offend, thwart, 1.8; violate, 12.496.

5
laena, ae, f.

an upper garment; cloak, mantle, 4.262.

1
Lāertius, a, um

adj. (Lāertēs), of Laertes, father of Ulysses; Laertian, 3.272.

1
laetitia, ae, f.

joy, 1.514, et al. (laetus)

8
laetor, ātus sum, 1, dep. n.

to rejoice, w. abl., gen., infin., or absolute, 1.393, et al. (laetus)

8
laetus, a, um

(adj.), joyful, joyous, glad, 4.418, et freq.; delighting in (w. abl.), 1.275, 696; 2.417; springing, 10.643; sparkling, radiant, 1.591; happy, auspicious, 1.605; abounding, rich, full (w. abl. or gen.), 1.441; well fed, fat, 3.220; blissful, blessed, 6.744.

77
laetus, a, um

(adj.), joyful, joyous, glad, 4.418, et freq.; delighting in (w. abl.), 1.275, 696; 2.417; springing, 10.643; sparkling, radiant, 1.591; happy, auspicious, 1.605; abounding, rich, full (w. abl. or gen.), 1.441; well fed, fat, 3.220; blissful, blessed, 6.744.

1
laeva, ae, f. (sc. manus)

the left hand, 1.611; ab laevā, on the left side, 8.460.

14
laeva

(adv.), on the left, 5.163.

3
laeva, ōrum, n.

the left-hand places; waters or waves on the left hand, 5.825.

1
laevum

(adv.), on the left, 2.693.

3
laevus, a, um

(adj.), the left, 10.495; (situated) on the left, 3.412; the left, 3.420; (fig.), ill-starred, unpropitious, baleful, 10.275; infatuated, blind, 2.54.

15
Lagus, ī, m.

a Rutulian, 10.381.

1
lambō, ī, itus, 3, a.

to lick, 2.211; of flame, touch, lick, 3.574.

5
lāmenta, ōrum, n.

a wailing, cry of grief, lamentation, mourning, moaning, 4.667. (sing. not in good use)

1
lāmentābilis, e

adj. (lāmentor, deplore), deplorable; pitiable; to be deplored, 2.4.

1
lampas, adis, f.

a light, torch, 6.587; firebrand, 9.535.

5
Lamus, ī, m.

a Rutulian, 9.334.

1
Lamyrus, ī, m.

a Rutulian, 9.334.

1
lancea, ae, f.

a lance, light spear, javelin, 12.375.

1
langueō, uī, 2, n.

to be faint, to languish, grow feeble; p., languēns, entis, of the sea, 10.289; of flowers, drooping, 11.69.

3
languēscō, languī, 3, inc. n.

to become faint, grow weak, droop, 9.436. (langueō)

1
languidus, a, um

adj. (langueō), languid, 12.908.

1
lāniger, era, erum

adj. (lāna, wool, and gerō), bearing wool; fleecy, 3.660.

4
laniō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to lacerate, mangle, mutilate, 6.494.

2
lānūgo, inis, f.

wooly substance, down.

1
lanx, lancis, f.

a broad dish or plate; a charger, platter, 8.284; pl., lancēs, the basins of weighing scales; scales, 12.725.

3
Lāocoōn, ontis, m.

a Trojan prince and priest of Apollo, 2.41; serving also as priest of Neptune, 2.201.

4
Lāodamīa, ae, f.

daughter of Acastus and wife of Protesilaus, who killed herself after her husband was slain by Hector, 6.447.

1
Lāomedontēus, a, um

adj. (Lāomedon), pertaining to Laomedon, father of Priam; Laomedontean, Trojan, 4.542.

1
Lāomedontiadēs, ae, m.

a son or descendant of Laomedon, 8.162; pl., the Trojans, 3.248, et al. (Lāomedon)

3
Lāomedontēus, a, um

adj. (Lāomedon), pertaining to Laomedon, father of Priam; Laomedontean, Trojan, 4.542.

2
lapidōsus, a, um

adj. (lapis), full of stones; hard as stone, stony, 3.649.

1
lapis, idis, m.

a stone, rock, 12.906, et al.; marble.

2
Lapitha, ae, c.

one of the Lapithae; pl., Lapithae, ārum (um, 7.305); the Lapithae, a race of Thessalians, who fought with the Centaurs at the marriage of Pirithous, king of the Lapithae, 6.601, et al.

3
lāpsō, āre, freq. n.

to fall down; slip, 2.551. (1. lābor)

1
lāpsus, ūs, m.

a slipping; gliding, 2.225; gliding movement, 2.225; turning, movement, 2.236; descent, flight, 3.225; course, 4.524. (1. lābor)

5
laquear, āris, n.

a ceiling with hollows or panels; a paneled or fretted ceiling, 1.726.

2
Lār, Laris, m.

a fireside, hearth, or household god, 5.744; hesternum Larem, the household god of yesterday, 8.543; (meton.), household, property, home, dwelling.

3
largior, ītus sum, 4, dep.

to give largely; bestow, grant, 10.494. (largus)

1
largus, a, um

(adj.), ample; spacious, expansive, 6.640; plentiful, copious, flowing, 1.465; bountiful, free, 10.619; w. gen., lavish, 11.338.

8
Lārīdēs, is, m.

a Rutulian, son of Daucus, 10.391.

2
Lārīna, ae, f.

a follower of Camilla, 11.655.

1
Larīsaeus, a, um

of Larissa, a Thessalian town, on the southern bank of the Peneus; Larissaean, 2.197. (Larissa)

2
lassus, a, um

(adj.), faint, tired, wearied, 2.739.

2
Latagus, ī, m.

a Tyrrhenian, 10.697.

2
lātē

(adv.), widely; far and wide, 1.21; on all sides, far around, 1.163; all over, 12.308. (lātus)

36
latebra, ae, f.

a hiding place; recess, lodgment, retreat, 12.389; usually in pl., latebrae, ārum, an ambuscade; covert, retreat; cavern, 3.424; recess, cavity, 2.38; the hatches of a ship, the hold, 10.657. (lateō)

8
latebrōsus, a, um

adj. (latebra), full of lurking places or recesses; full of holes; porous, 5.214; secret, 8.713.

3
lateō, uī, 2, n. and a.

to be hidden, lie concealed, 2.48; to lurk; be sheltered, 10.805; be unknown to, escape the knowledge of, 1.130; p., latēns, entis, hidden, concealed, 3.237; hiding, lurking, 2.568.

17
latex, icis, m.

a liquid; liquor; wine, 1.686; water, 4.512.

7
Latīnī, ōrum, m.

the people of Latium; the Latins, 12.823, et al.

35
Latīnus, a, um

adj. (Latium), of Latium; Latin, 1.6, et al.; Latīna, ae, f., a Latin woman, 12.604.

28
Latīnus, ī, m.

Latinus, a king of Latium, whose capital was Laurentum, and whose daughter, Lavinia, became the wife of Aeneas, 6.891, et al. (Latium)

41
Latium, iī, n.

a country of ancient Italy, extending from the left bank of the lower Tiber to Campania, 1.6; (meton.), for Latīnī, the Latins, people of Latium, 10.365, et al. (2. latus; Virgil, 8.323, derives it from lateō)

31
Lātōna, ae, f.

the mother of Apollo and Diana, 1.502.

2
Lātōnia, ae, f.

Diana, 11.534.

1
Lātōnius, a, um

adj. (Lātōna), of Latona, Latonian, 9.405, et al.; subst., Lātōnia, ae, f., Diana, 11.534.

2
lātrātor, ōris, m.

one who barks like a dog; a barker, the barking, 8.698. (lātrō)

1
lātrātus, ūs, m.

a barking; baying, 5.257, et al. (lātrō)

3
lātrō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.

to bark, snarl, bay, 6.401, et al.; of waves, 7.588.

2
latrō, ōnis, m.

a hired servant, mercenary soldier, huntsman, 12.7.

1
latus, eris, n.

a side, 1.105, et al.; coast, 8.416; laterum iūnctūrae, joinings of the sides of a belt, i.e, ends of a belt, 12.274.

36
lātus, a, um

(adj.), wide, broad, 1.313; spacious, ample, large, 4.199; widespread, far-extending, 1.225.

24
laudō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to praise, 2.586; commend, 11.460. (laus)

3
Lāvīnia, ae, f.

a Latin princess, daughter of King Latinus, 6.764, et al.

11
Lāvīnium, iī, n.

a city of Latium, built by Aeneas and named after his Latin wife, Lavinia, 1.270, et al. (Lāvīnia)

3
Lāvīnius, a, um

and Lāvīnus, a, um, adj. (Lāvīnium), of or belonging to Lavinium, 4.236.

2
lavō, lāvī, lautus, and lōtus, 1 and 3, a. and n.

to wash, bathe, 3.663; wet, sprinkle, 6.227; p., lautus, a, um, washed; neat, elegant; stately, magnificent, 8.361.

3
lavō, lāvī, lautus, and lōtus, 1 and 3, a. and n.

to wash, bathe, 3.663; wet, sprinkle, 6.227; p., lautus, a, um, washed; neat, elegant; stately, magnificent, 8.361.

5
Laurēns, entis

adj. (Laurentum), of Laurentum, the ancient capital of Latium; Laurentine, Laurentian, 5.797, et al., subst., Laurentēs, um, pl. m., the Laurentians, 7.63, et al.

20
Laurentēs, um, pl. m.

the people of Laurentum, the ancient capital of Latium, the Laurentians, 7.63, et al.

6