Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid
Daedalus, ī, m.

Daedalus, the father of Greek sculpture; supposed to be of the time of Minos and Theseus; employed by Minos to build the Cretan Labyrinth, 6.14.

2
daedalus, a, um

(adj.), artificial, skillful, cunningly wrought; wily, artful, 7.282.

1
Dahae, ārum, m.

the Dahae, a Scythian people beyond the Caspian, 8.728.

1
damnō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to inflict loss upon; to doom, condemn, consign, devote, with dat., 4.699; to condemn, with gen., 6.430. (damnum, loss)

3
Danaē, ēs, f.

daughter of Acrisius, and mother of Perseus, 7.410.

1
Danaī, ōrum, m.

the Greeks, 2.327.

45
Danaus, a, um

(adj.), of Danaus, king of Argos; Greek, 3.602; subst., Danaī, ōrum, m., the Greeks, 2.327.

1
daps, dapis, f.

a feast, banquet, 1.210; food, viands, 1.706; flesh of sacrificial victims, 6.225; usually found in the pl., but the gen. pl. is not used.

16
Dardania, ae, f.

Troy, 2.281.

6
Dardanidēs, ae, m.

a son or descendant of Dardanus; Aeneas, 10.545; pl., Dardanidae, ārum (um), the Trojans, 1.560, et al.; adj., Dardanian, Trojan, 2.59.

21
Dardanidēs, ae, m.

a son or descendant of Dardanus; Aeneas, 10.545; pl., Dardanidae, ārum (um), the Trojans, 1.560, et al.; adj., Dardanian, Trojan, 2.59.

1
Dardanis, idis, f.

a daughter or descendant of Dardanus, 2.787.

1
Dardanius, a, um

adj. (Dardanus), Dardanian, Trojan, 5.711; subst., Dardanius, iī, m., the Dardanian; the Trojan, 12.14.

33
Dardanus, a, um

(adj.), Trojan, 5.119; subst., the Dardanian; Aeneas, 4.662; the Trojan, for the nation, 11.287.

5
Dardanus, ī, m.

Dardanus, son of Jupiter and Electra, father of the Trojan line of kings, and thus progenitor of the Romans, 6.650, et al.

8
Darēs, ētis (acc. Darēta and Daren), m.

Dares, a Trojan boxer, 5.369.

10
dator, ōris, m.

a giver, 1.734. (1. dō)

1
Daucius, a, um

adj. (Daucus), of Daucus, a Rutulian; Daucian, 10.391.

1
Daunius, a, um

adj. (Daunus), pertaining to Daunus, father or ancestor of Turnus; Daunian, 12.785.

3
Daunus, ī, m.

a mythic king of part of Apulia, father-in-law of Diomedes, and father of Turnus, 10.616.

5

(prep. with abl.), from, of place, time, source, material, etc., freq.; out of; away from, 6.85; just from, on, 10.478; of 2.78; sprung from, 10.350; by, of, 4.327; according to, after, 1.318; over, upon, 6.502; concerning, for, about, 12.765.

113
dea, ae, f.

a goddess, 1.17. (fem. of deus)

55
dēbellātor, ōris, m.

a conqueror, 7.651. (dēbellō)

1
dēbellō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to war to the end; to put down by war; subdue, conquer, 5.731.

2
dēbeō, uī, itus, 2, a.

to owe, 10.853; secure, bind; (pass.), dēbērī, to be due, meet, 2.538; decreed, 3.184; 6.714. (dē and habeō)

18
dēbilis, e

adj. (dē and habilis), disabled, maimed, crippled, 5.271; feeble, useless, 12.50.

2
dēbilitō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to weaken, abate, 9.611. (dēbilis)

1
dēcēdō, cessī, cessus, 3, n.

to withdraw, go away, depart from, 4.306; stand back, retire, 5.551.

4
decem

(num. adj. indecl.), ten, 2.198.

2
dēcernō, crēvī, crētus, 3, a.

to decide, determine, resolve, 4.475; contend, combat, 7.525.

5
dēcerpō, sī, tus, 3, a.

to pluck off; crop, pluck, 6.141. (dē and carpō)

1
decet, uit, 2, impers. n.

it is becoming; meet, proper, fitting, 4.597.

7
dēcidō, cidī, 3, n.

to fall down; fall, 5.517. (dē and cadō)

1
dēcīdō, cīdī, cīsus, 3, a.

to cut, lop off, 11.5. (dē and caedō)

2
decimus, a, um

adj. (decem), the tenth, 9.155.

2
dēcipiō, cēpī, ceptus, 3, a.

to deceive; beguile, delude, mislead, 3.181. (dē and capiō)

3
Deciī, ōrum, m.

several illustrious Romans of the Decian gens, especially the father and son Decius Mus, one killed in the battle of Vesuvius, B.C. 340, the other in the battle of Sentinum, B.C. 295, 6.824.

1
dēclārō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to make clear; to declare, proclaim, 5.246.

1
dēclīnō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to turn down or away; of the eyes, to close in sleep, 4.185.

1
dēcolor, ōris

(adj.), of debased color; of baser metal; vitiated, corrupt, 8.326.

1
decorō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to adorn, decorate, 6.217; honor, 11.25. (decus)

3
decōrus, a, um

adj. (decor), fit, proper, becoming, 5.343; graceful, beautiful, 1.589; adorned, 5.133; shining, 11.194.

11
dēcurrō, cucurrī or currī, cursus, 3, n. and a.

to run down, hasten down, 2.41; descend, 5.610; run completely round, 11.189; sail over, sweep over, 5.212.

6
dēcursus, ūs, m.

a running down, descent, 12.523. (dēcurrō)

1
decus, oris, n.

that which is becoming; grace, ornament, decoration, 1.429; glory, honor, distinction, 2.89; pride, 10.858; beauty, 1.592; dignity, honor, 5.174; an honor, honorable gift, 12.83. (decet)

23
dēcutiō, cussī, cussus, 3, a.

to shake off. (dē and quatiō)

1
dēdecus, oris, n.

dishonor, disgrace, shame, 10.681.

3
dēdīgnor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a.

to deem unworthy, disdain, scorn, refuse, 4.536.

1
dēdūcō, dūxī, ductus, 3, a.

to lead, draw, bring down; of ships, to launch, 3.71; lead, conduct, 2.800; carry away, 6.397.

5
dēfendō, ī, fēnsus (pass. inf. dēfendier, 8.493), 3, a.

to ward off; forbid, avert, with acc., 10.905; defend, guard, protect, 2.257. (dē and obsol. fendō, strike)

17
dēfēnsor, ōris, m.

a defender, protector; applied also to inanimate things, 2.521. (dēfendō)

1
dēferō, tulī, lātus, ferre, irreg. a.

to carry or bring down or away; bear, convey, 4.226; conduct, lead, 5.730; to report, 4.299.

15
defessus, -a, -um

wearied, tired, fatigued, 1.157. (dēfetīscō)

4
dēficiō, fēcī, fectus, pass. (dē and faciō), dēfit, fierī, 3, n. and a.

to make off from; free one’s self from; desert, leave, forsake, 6.196; fail, be wanting, 2.505; be exhausted, fail; give way, sink, 6.354; faint, 4.689; to be broken down, prostrated, sick at heart, 11.231; to be depressed, discouraged, 12.2; (pass.), dēfit, fierī, to be wanting.

10
dēfīgō, fīxī, fīxus, 3, a.

to fasten or fix down or in; the object on or in which, in the dat., or in the abl., with or without a prep.; fix, direct, 1.226; p., dēfīxus, downcast, 6.156.

7
dēflectō, flexī, flexus, 3, a.

to turn aside, 10.331.

1
dēfleō, flēvī, flētus, 2, a. and n.

to weep much; weep over, bewail, bemoan, lament, 6.220.

2
dēfluō, fluxī, fluxus, 3, n.

to flow down; sail down, 8.549; alight, descend, 11.501; fall, descend, 1.404.

4
dēfodiō, fōdī, fossus, 3, a.

to dig down; sink deep; bury.

1
dēfōrmō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to disfigure, 10.844; clothe in mourning, sadden, darken, 12.805.

2
dēfringō, frēgī, frāctus, 3, a.

to break off, 11.748. (dē and frangō)

1
dēfungor, fūnctus sum, 3, dep. n.

to complete, finish a duty, etc.; go through with, 6.83; to have done with, 6.306; used absolutely; to get through, fulfill one’s destiny or course, 9.98.

3
dēgener, eris

adj. (dē and genus), degenerate, 2.549; of base descent, 4.13.

2
dēgō, dēgī, 3, a.

to pass, spend, 4.551. (dē and agō)

1
dēgustō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to taste of; touch, graze, 12.376.

1
dehinc (often monosyll.)

(adv.), from this place; from this time; thereupon, then, 1.131.

8
dehīscō, hīvī, 3, n.

to gape, yawn, 1.106; stand open, open, 6.52.

7
dēiciō, iēcī, iectus, 3, a.

to cast down, 6.581; strike down, slay, 11.642; drive down, 4.152; shoot or bring down, 5.542; deprive of, 3.317; dēicere vultum, to cast down the eyes, 3.320; (pass.), dēicī, to be disheartened, dismayed, 10.858. (dē and iaciō)

20
dēiciō, iēcī, iectus, 3, a.

to cast down, 6.581; strike down, slay, 11.642; drive down, 4.152; shoot or bring down, 5.542; deprive of, 3.317; dēicere vultum, to cast down the eyes, 3.320; (pass.), dēicī, to be disheartened, dismayed, 10.858. (dē and iaciō)

1
deinde (often dissyl.)

(adv.), from that place (rarely) or time; then, thereupon, 5.321; now, immediately, 4.561; next, still, 9.781.

31
Dēiopēa, ae, f.

a nymph in the train of Juno, 1.72.

1
Dēiphobē, ēs, f.

a name of the Cumaean Sibyl, daughter of Glaucus and priestess of Apollo and Diana, 6.36.

1
Dēiphobus, ī, m.

a son of Priam, who became the husband of Helen after the death of Paris, 6.495.

5
dēlābor, lāpsus sum, 3, dep. n.

to glide, slip, or fall down; descend, 3.238; fall in with or upon, 2.377.

8
dēleō, ēvī, ētus, 2, a.

to destroy, 9.248; slaughter, 11.898.

2
dēlībō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to sip; kiss, 12.434.

1
dēligō, lēgī, lēctus, 3, a.

to choose from; choose, 2.18. (dē and legō)

13
dēlitēscō, dēlituī, 3, inc. n.

to hide; lurk, lie hidden, 2.136. (dē and latēscō, be hidden)

1
Dēlius, a, um

adj. (Dēlos), of Delos; Delian, an epithet of Apollo, who was born in Delos, 3.162.

2
Dēlos, ī, f.

an island in the midst of the Cyclades in the Aegean, where Latona gave birth to Apollo and Diana, 4.144.

1
delphīn, īnis, and delphīnus, ī, m.

a dolphin, 3.428, et al.

4
dēlūbrum, ī, n.

the place for sacrificial cleansings; a shrine, temple, sanctuary, 2.225, et al. (dēluō, cleanse)

6
dēlūdō, lūsī, lūsus, 3, a.

to deceive, mock, delude, 6.344.

2
dēmēns, entis

(adj.), out of one’s mind, insane, foolish, mad, blind, 4.107; subst., fool, 11.399.

16
dēmentia, ae, f.

madness, frenzy, folly, 5.465. (dēmēns)

2
dēmergō, mersī, mersus, 3, a.

to dip, plunge, 9.119.

1
dēmetō, messuī, messus, 3, a.

to reap; clip, break off, pluck, 11.68.

1
dēmissus, a, um

let down; hanging down, 4.263; low, subdued, 3.320; downcast, 1.561. (dēmittō)

2
dēmittō, mīsī, missus, 3, a.

to send down, 1.297; shed, 6.455; let down into, receive, admit, (of the mind or the senses), 4.428; consign, condemn, 2.85; convey, conduct, 5.29; transmit, hand down, 1.288; dēmittere mentem, to lose heart, sink into despair, 12.609.

23
dēmō, dēmpsī, dēmptus, 3, a.

to take away, remove, 2.775. (dē and emō)

3
Dēmodocus, ī, m.

an Arcadian follower of Pallas, 10.413.

1
Dēmoleos, ī, m.

a Greek slain by Aeneas in battle, 5.260.

2
Dēmophoōn, ontis, m.

a Trojan slain by Camilla, 11.675.

1
dēmoror, ātus sum, 1, dep. a. and n.

to linger, protract, 2.648; detain, 3.481; wait for, await, 10.30.

4
dēmum

(adv.), at length, at last, 1.629; at least, indeed, especially. (dē with n. superl. ending -mum, hence, perhaps meaning downmost)

11
dēnique

(adv.), at last, at length, finally, 2.70, 295.

4
dēns, dentis, m.

a tooth, 3.664; the fluke of an anchor, 6.3.

9
dēnseō, ēre, and dēnsō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to make thick; thicken; close up, 12.264; cast thick, shower, 11.650; gather together, crowd, 7.794. (dēnsus)

3
dēnsus, a, um

(adj.), thick, dense, crowded, compact, in close array, serried, 2.383; frequent, 5.459.

36
dēnūntiō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to announce emphatically; declare, foretell, 3.366.

1