Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid
cacūmen, inis, n.

a point, peak; summit, 3.274.

2
Cācus, ī, m.

Cacus, the giant of the Aventine, slain by Hercules, 8.194.

7
cadāver, eris, n.

a dead body, carcass, corpse, 8.264. (cadō)

1
cadō, cecidi, cāsus, 3, n.

to fall, sink down, freq.; set, of the sun and stars, 2.9; fall in battle, 2.368; in sacrifice, 1.334; of the wind, subside, cease; of the sea, subside, be hushed, 1.54; sink in death, die, 10.390; to fall out, happen, 2.709.

36
cadūcus, a, um

adj. (cadō), liable to fall; destined, doomed to fall, or die, 10.622; slain, 6.481.

2
cadus, ī, m.

a jar; wine-jar, 1.195; an urn, 6.228.

2
Caeculus, ī, m.

son of Vulcan, and mythical founder of Praeneste, 7.681.

2
caecus, a, um

(adj.), blind, freq.; blinded mentally, reckless, 1.349; 11.781; with fury, mad, 2.357; of things which baffle or obstruct the sight or the mind, dark, 3.200; hidden, covered, 1.536; secret, private, 2.453; from behind, 10.733; uncertain or dim, 9.518; uncertain, 6.30; aimless, 4.209; blinding, 12.444; of uncertain origin, 12.617; of sound, indistinct, subdued, 10.98; obscure, 12.591.

34
caedēs, is, f.

a cutting off or down; bloodshed, havoc, slaughter, 1.471, et al.; deadly blow, 2.526; bloody attack, assault, 3.256; blood, 9.818; pl., caedēs, ium or um, slaughter, bloodshed, 11.648, et al. (caedō)

37
Caedicus, ī, m.

Caedicus, an Etruscan chief, 9.362.

2
caedō, cecīdī, caesus, 3, a.

to cut, freq.; cut down, slay, 2.266; sacrifice, 5.96; strike, 10.404. (rel. to scindō)

21
caelestis, e

adj. (caelum), belonging to the sky; celestial, 1.11; heaven-sent, divine, 6.379; subst., caelestēs, ium or um, c., the gods of heaven, 1.387.

3
caelestis, e

adj. (caelum), belonging to the sky; celestial, 1.11; heaven-sent, divine, 6.379; subst., caelestēs, ium or um, c., the gods of heaven, 1.387.

5
caelicola, ae, c.

an inhabitant of heaven; a god, 2.641, et al. (caelum and colō)

8
caelifer, era, erum

adj. (caelum and ferō), heaven-bearing, sky-bearing, 6.796.

1
caelō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to cut in relief; carve, engrave, chase, emboss, 1.640. (caelum, a chisel)

6
caelum, ī, n. (pl., caelī, ōrum, m.)

the sky, the firmament, the heavens; heaven, 1.225; region, 1.331; air, weather, 5.18; the upper world or abode of living men, as distinguished from Hades, 6.896; personif., Caelus, ī, m., the god Caelus, father of Saturn, 7.140.

142
Caeneus (dissyl.), eos, m.

1. A Thessalian girl, formerly named Caenis, transformed by Neptune into a boy, 6.448. 2. A follower of Aeneas, 9.573.

3
caenum, ī, n.

dirt, mud, mire, slime, 6.296.

1
Caere, n., indeclin. (gen. Caeritis, f., abl. Caerēte, f.)

Caere or Agylla, in the southern part of Etruria, now Cervetri, 8.597; 10.183.

1
Caere, n., indeclin. (gen. Caeritis, f., abl. Caerēte, f.)

Caere or Agylla, in the southern part of Etruria, now Cervetri, 8.597; 10.183.

1
caerulus, a, um

(adj.), dark blue, 2.381; sea-colored, azure, 5.819; dark; black, 3.64; subst., caerula, ōrum, n., the dark blue waters; the sea, 3.208.

2
caerulus, a, um

(adj.), dark blue, 2.381; sea-colored, azure, 5.819; dark; black, 3.64; subst., caerula, ōrum, n., the dark blue waters; the sea, 3.208.

12
caerulus, a, um

(adj.), dark blue, 2.381; sea-colored, azure, 5.819; dark; black, 3.64; subst., caerula, ōrum, n., the dark blue waters; the sea, 3.208.

5
Caesar, aris, m.

a surname of the Julian gens, esp. Gaius Iulius Caesar, dictator and founder of the Roman Empire. His name was inherited by his nephew and adopted son Octavius and his successors; Augustus Caesar, 1.286; 6.792.

5
caesariēs, ēī, f.

the hair of the head, 1.590, et al.

4
caespes, itis, f.

turf, sod, 3.304. (caedō)

2
caestus, ūs, m.

a gauntlet for boxing; thongs or straps loaded with lead, and bound round the hand and arm, 5.69. (caedō)

8
Caīcus, ī, m.

Caicus, commander of one of the ships of Aeneas, 1.183.

2
Cāiēta, ae, f.

1. The nurse of Aeneas, 7.2. 2. A town and haven of Latium, named after the nurse of Aeneas (now Gaëta), 6.900.

2
calamus, ī, m.

a reed or cane; an arrow, 10.140.

1
calathus, ī, m.

a wicker basket; workbasket, 7.805.

1
calcar, āris, n.

a spur, 6.881. (calx)

1
Calchās, antis, m.

Calchas, a priest and prophet of the Greeks, at Troy, 2.100.

5
calcō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to put under the heel; trample upon; mix by trampling, 12.340. (calx)

1
calefaciō, fēcī, factus, 3, a.; (pass.), calefīō, factus sum, fierī

to make hot, glowing, 12.66; (fig.), excite, arouse, 12.269. (caleō and faciō)

2
caleō, uī, 2, n.

to be warm; to glow, 1.417.

2
Calēs, ium, f.

a town of Campania, 7.728.

1
calidus, a, um

adj. (caleō), warm, hot, 6.218; reeking, 10.486; of the spirit or disposition, hot, fiery.

6
cālīgō, āre, 1, a. and n.

to be dark, darken, 2.606. (> cālīgō 1)

1
cālīgō, inis, f.

mist, fog, 3.203; misty, obscurity; darkness, dimness, obscurity, 6.267; smoke, 11.187; cloud of dust, 9.36; blinding dust, 12.466.

7
Calliopē, ēs, and Calliopēa, ae, f.

chief of the Muses, and mother of Orpheus, 9.525.

1
callis, is, m.

a narrow, uneven footpath; path, 4.405.

3
calor, ōris, m.

warmth, heat, vital heat, 4.705. (caleō)

4
calx, calcis, f., and rarely m.

the heel, 5.324; the hoof of a horse, the fore foot, or hoof, 10.892; a spur, 11.714.

6
Calybē, ēs, f.

an aged priestess of Juno, 7.419.

1
Calydōn, ōnis, f.

a town of Aetolia, the abode of Meleager, 7.306.

3
Camarīna, ae, f.

a Syracusan colony on the southwest coast of Sicily, 3.701.

1
Camers, ertis, m.

Camertes or Camers, a follower of Turnus, 10.562.

2
Camilla, ae, f.

a Volscian heroine, ally of Turnus, 7.803, et al.

19
Camillus, ī, m.

M. Furius Camillus, the conqueror of Veii, who expelled the Gauls from Rome after the capture of the city, B.C. 390, 6.825.

1
camīnus, ī, m.

a furnace; forge, 6.630; crevice, cavity, 3.580.

3
Campānus, a, um

adj. (Campānia), of Campania, the country lying on the bay of Naples; Campanian, 10.145.

1
campus, ī, m.

a plain, field, 5.128, et al.; a race-course, 5.144; a field of combat, 12.116; (fig.), of the surface of the sea, plain, 6.724; Mavortis Campus, the Campus Martius, or Field of Mars, on the left bank of the Tiber at Rome, 6.873.

78
candeō, uī, 2, n.

to be of pure whiteness; p., candēns, entis, white, 4.61; at white heat; glowing, 3.573; 12.91.

8
candidus, a, um

adj. (candeō), pure white; snow-white; white, 6.708; fair, 5.571.

7
candor, ōris, m.

shining, brilliant whiteness; whiteness, 3.538. (candeō)

2
canis, is, c.

a dog, freq.

10
canistra, ōrum, n. pl.

a basket; baskets, 1.701.

2
cānitēs, ēī, f.

hoaryness, grayness; gray hair, 6.300; gray hairs, old age, 10.549. (cānus)

5
canō, cecinī, 3, n. and a.

to make musical and rhythmical sounds with voice or instrument; to make melody, play, or sing, to sing, rehearse, celebrate in song or verse, 1.1; to speak in measure or rhythm; to proclaim, as prophet or priest, 2.176; reveal, 3.155; foretell, 2.124; rehearse, narrate, 4.14; explain, interpret, 5.524; warn, 12.28; forebode, croak, 11.399; sound, 7.513.

43
canōrus, a, um

adj. (canō), tuneful, harmonious, 6.120; resounding, 9.503.

3
cantus, ūs, m.

a singing or playing; melody; song, 1.398; strain, sound, 6.165; incantation, charm, 7.754. (canō)

13
cānus, a, um

(adj.), white, of the hair and beard; whitened, hoary, of frost and cold; of the sea, foaming, hoary, 8.672; gray-haired, venerable; hoary, 1.292.

4
Capēnus, a, um

adj. (Capēna), of Capena, a town in the southern part of Tuscany, 7.697.

1
capessō, īvī or iī, ītus, 3, intens. a.

to seize, 3.234; (fig.), lay hold of, assume, 8.507; seek to reach, hasten to, 4.346; undertake, achieve, perform, 1.77. (capiō)

8
Caphēreus, eī, m.

Caphareus, a promontory on the southern coast of Euboea, 11.260.

1
capillus, i, m.

the hair of the head , the hair

1
capiō, cēpī, captus, 3, a.

to take with the hand, freq.; seize, 2.314; (fig.), conquer, 9.267; occupy, 1.396; catch, captivate, deceive, charm, allure, receive, accept, 3.488; enter upon, celebrate, 7.403; contain, 7.466; confine, 9.644; p., subst., captus, ī, m., a prisoner, captive, 2.64.

50
Capitōlium, iī, n.

the Capital, or national temple on the Capitoline hill at Rome, containing the shrines of Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva, 6.836; pl., the Capitoline places, or buildings; the Capitoline, 8.653. (caput)

4
capra, ae, f.

a she-goat; a goat. (caper)

2
caprea, ae, f.

a kind of wild goat; a roe. (caper)

1
Capreae, ārum, f.

Capreae, now Capri, an island in the Bay of Naples, 7.735. (caper)

1
caprigenus, a, um

adj. (caper and root gen-), pertaining to goats; of the goat kind, of goats, 3.221.

1
captīvus, a, um

adj. (capiō), taken in war; captured, captive, 2.765; of a captive or of captives, 10.520; subst., captīvus, ī, m., a captive, 9.273.

6
captīvus, a, um

adj. (capiō), taken in war; captured, captive, 2.765; of a captive or of captives, 10.520; subst., captīvus, ī, m., a captive, 9.273.

1
captō, āvī, ātus, 1, freq. a.

to lay hold upon vigorously, of the air, 3.514. (capiō)

1
capulus, ī, m.

the handle; hilt, 2.553. (capiō),

3
caput, itis, n.

the head of men or animals, freq.; (by synecdoche), the person, being, life, 2.751, et al.; living body, life, 4.699; personal interest, welfare, fortune, life, 4.354; of plants, the head or flower, 9.437; of other objects, a captain, leader, chief, 11.399, et al.; author, instigator, source, cause, 11.361; chief town, capital, sovereign city, 10.203; a peak or summit, 6.360; point, end, of a bow, 11.861; of rivers, etc., fountain-head, source, spring; pl., capita, in enumerating animals, head, 3.391; in caput, headlong, 1.116; suprā caput, overhead, above, 3.194; hōc caput, this person, myself, me, 8.570.

84
Capys, yos or yis, m.

1. The commander of one of the ships of Aeneas, 1.183. 2. The eighth king of Alba, 6.768.

5
carbaseus, a, um

adj. (carbasus), of linen, linen-, 11.776.

1
carbasus, ī, f. (pl. carbasa, ōrum, n.)

linen, cloth or web of lawn, 8.34; canvas; a sail, 3.357.

3
carcer, eris, m.

a dungeon, hold, prison, 1.54; carcer, or pl., carcerēs, the stalls; the starting place or barrier in the circus or race-course, 5.145.

4
carchēsium, iī, n.

a large drinking vessel with two handles; bowl, beaker, 5.77.

1
cardō, inis, m.

a hinge, pivot, 1.449; the socket in which the pivot plays, 2.493; (fig.), a turning point, crisis, emergency, 1.672.

8
careō, uī, itus, 2, n.

to be without, to be free from, 2.44; to be deprived of, 4.432.

7
Cārēs, ium, Gr. acc., as (sing., Cār, Cāris), m.

the Carians, of Caria in the southwestern part of Asia Minor, 8.725. (Cāria)

1
carīna, ae, f.

the keel of a ship, ship, 4.398; a boat, 6.391; frame, timber, 5.682.

22
Carīnae, ārum, f.

the Carinae, a quarter of Rome between the Caelian and Esquiline, 8.361.

1
carmen, inis, n.

a song, hymn, ode or poem, freq.; a line or verse, 3.287; a response, prophecy, 3.445; an incantation, charm, spell, 4.487; cry, moan, 4.462.

14
Carmentālis, e

adj. (Carmentis), of Carmentis, 8.338.

1
Carmentis, is, f.

Carmentis, a prophetess, mother of King Evander, 8.336. (carmen)

2
Carpathius, a, um

(adj.), of Carpathus, an island northeast of Crete; subst., Carpathium, iī, n., the Carpathian Sea, 5.595.

1
carpo, carpsī, carptus, 3, a.

to pluck or pull, crop, browse upon, eat, graze; cause to graze, pasture; gather, 6.146; (fig.), catch, breathe, enjoy, 1.388; consume, 4.2; devour, waste, 4.32; carpere prāta, etc., to course over.

11
Karthāgō, inis, f.

a city built by Phoenician adventurers on the northern coast of Africa, opposite Sicily, a short distance N.E. of the modern Tunis, 1.13, et al. (Καρχηδών, new city)

10
cārus, a, um

(adj.), dear, 4.91, et al.; poet., active, loving, fond, 1.677; affectionate, tender, 11.215.

24
Casmilla, ae, f.

the mother of Camilla, 11.543.

1
Casperia, ae, f.

a town of the Sabines, 7.714.

1
Caspius, a, um

(adj.), of the Caspian Sea, Caspian; Asiatic, 6.798.

1
Cassandra, ae, f.

a daughter of Priam, beloved of Apollo, and inspired by him with prophecy; but because she did not requite his love, condemned to foretell the destruction of Troy without being believed by her countrymen, 2.246.

7