Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid Sort descending
amīcitia, ae, f.

friendship; pl., friendly alliance, 11.321. (amīcus)

2
arista, ae, f.

the beard of wheat; a head of wheat.

2
auspex, icis, c.

one who divines by watching birds; a diviner; (fig.), a leader, author, patron, guide, director, 3.20. (avis and speciō, look)

2
adversus (-um)

(adv.), opposite to , against , to , or toward a thing, in a friendly or hostile sense.

2
Antōrēs, ae, m.

a Greek warrior, follower of Evander, 10.778.

2
adnō, nāvī, nātus, 1, n. and a.

to swim to, sail toward or to, with dat., 1.538.

3
aggerō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to pile up; (fig.), increase, aggravate, 4.197. (agger)

3
anīlis, e

adj. (anus), of an old woman; an old woman’s, 4.641.

3
aula, ae, archaic genit. āī, f.

a forecourt, atrium; court, peristyle (as surrounded with columns), hall, 3.354; palace, royal seat, 1.140.

3
annōsus, a, um

adj. (annus), full of years; aged, old, 4.441; hoary, 6.282.

3
acernus, a, um

of maple; maple-, 2.112. (acer, maple)

3
aemulus, a, um

(adj.), striving to equal; competing, rivaling, 5.187; envious, 5.415; a rival for, aspiring, 10.371.

3
adhibeō, uī, itus, 2, a.

to hold or apply to, unite with, admit to, 8.56; to bring to, invite, 5.62; adhibēre animum or animōs, to give attention, 11.315. (ad and habeō)

3
āreō, uī, 2, n.

to be dry; wither, 3.142; p., ārēns, entis, dry; dried up, shallow, 3.350; dry, thirsty.

3
Arpī, ōrum

Argyripa, afterwards Arpi, a town built by Diomedes in Apulia, 11.246.

3
ambiō, īvī or iī, ītus, 4, a. and n.

to go round; encompass, 6.550; (fig.), approach, address, 4.283; entrap, circumvent, 7.333. (amb- and eō)

3
aptus, a, um

adj. (obs. apō, lay hold), fixed, joined to; joined together; fitted with, studded, 4.482; fit, adapted, meet.

3
atque, or ac

(conj.), and in addition, or and besides; and, as well, and indeed, and, 1.575; freq.; even, 2.626; in comparisons, as, 4.90; than, 3.561; repeated, atque — atque, both — and.

3
animal, ālis, n.

a living being, animal, 3.147; a brute animal, beast, animal. (anima)

3
arcānus, a, um

adj. (arca), hidden, secret, 4.422; subst., arcānum, ī, n., a secret, 1.262.

3
atavus, ī, m.

a great-great-great-grandfather, or forefather of the fifth previous generation; forefather, 7.474.

3
Aventīnus, ī, m.

the Aventine mount in Rome, 7.659; a Latin chief, 7.657.

3
aequālis, e

adj. (aequō), equal; of the same age, 10.194; fellow, companion; subst., c., companion, 5.468.

3
abscindō, scidī, scissus, 3, a.

to tear off, away, from, 5.685; separate, 3.418; tear, 4.590.

3
admoveō, mōvī, mōtus, 2, a.

to move, bring near to; to carry, convey to, 3.410; apply to, touch; admovēre ūbera, give suck, 4.367.

3
annuus, a, um

adj. (annus), annual, yearly, 5.46.

3
Auruncus, a, um

adj. (Aurunca), Auruncan, of Aurunca, an ancient town of Campania, 12.94.

3
Aenēius, a, um

adj. (id.), of Aeneas, 7.1.

3
Alētēs, is, m.

a companion of Aeneas, 1.121.

3
abluō, luī, lūtus, 3, a.

to wash away, 9.818; cleanse, purify, wash, 2.720.

3
adoleō, oluī, ultus, 2, n.

to cause to increase; to magnify, honor, adore, worship, 1.704; burn in sacrifice, offer, 3.547; fire, kindle, 7.71.

3
Auruncus, a, um

adj. (Aurunca), Auruncan, of Aurunca, an ancient town of Campania, 12.94.

3
abnegō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to deny, refuse, with acc. and dat., 7.424, with inf., 2.637; alone, 2.654.

3
Actius, a, um

adj. (poet. for Actiacus, from Actium), pertaining to Actium, a promontory and town of Epirus, celebrated as the scene of the decisive victory of Augustus over Antony and Cleopatra, in B.C. 31; Actian, 3.280.

3
apparō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to get ready, prepare; resolve, be ready; with infin., 11.117. (ad and parō)

3
Avernus, ī, m.

Avernus, a lake near Naples, between Baiae and Cumae, in Campania, now Lago d’ Averno. Near it was one of the entrances to Hades; hence, the lower world, Avernus, 6.126; portus Avernī, the harbor of Cumae, near Avernus, 5.813. (ἄορνος, birdless)

3
Antheus (dissyl.), eos or eī, m.

Antheus, a companion of Aeneas, 1.181.

3
abnuō, nuī, nuitus or nūtus, 3, a. and n.

to shake the head in dissent; refuse, with acc., 4.108; reject, 5.531; forbid, with acc. and inf., 10.8.

3
Actor, oris, m.

1. The name of a Trojan, 9.500. 2. The name of an Auruncian, 12.94.

3
Alpīnus, a, um

adj. (Alpēs), pertaining to the Alps; Alpine, 4.442.

3
arcessō, īvī, ītus, 3, a.

to cause to come; send for, summon, 5.746; hasten, provoke, 10.11; draw, derive; call up, bring, 6.119. (ar- for ad-, and cēdō)

3
ariēs, ietis (oblique cases often trisyll. aryetis, etc.), m.

a ram, freq.; a military engine, a battering ram, 2.492.

3
Ausonidēs, ae, pl. Ausonidae, ārum and ūm, m.

the Ausonians or primitive people of lower Italy; Italians, 10.564. (Auson, the eponymous father of the Ausonēs)

3
alumnus, ī, m.

a foster-son, 11.33, et al. (alō)

3
anhēlitus, ūs, m.

hard-breathing; puffing, panting, 5.199. (anhēlō)

3
aboleō, ēvī, itus, 2, a.

to cause to wane or waste; to destroy, 4.497; cleanse, efface, wipe out, 11.789; obliterate the memory of, 1.720.

3
anhēlō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to pant, 5.254; of a furnace, to puff, roar, 8.421. (am- and hālō)

3
aquōsus, a, um

adj. (aqua), abounding in water, bringing rain; watery, rainy, 4.52.

3
ambāgēs, is, f.

a going about; a winding, 6.29; (fig.), details, particulars, story, 1.342; mysteries, 6.99. (in good usage in the abl. sing. and all cases of pl.) (ambigō, go about)

3
aper, prī, m.

a wild boar, 1.324, et al.

3
adscīscō, scīvī, scītus, 3, a.

to call to one’s aid; to ally, 11.308; to adopt, 11.472. (adsciō)

3
Acca, ae, f.

a companion of Camilla, 11.820.

3
Aeolidēs, ae, m.

a son or descendant of Aeolus. 1. Ulysses, 6.529. 2. Misenus, 6.164. 3. Clytius, 9.774.

3
anhēlus, a, um

adj. (anhēlō), panting, gasping, throbbing, 6.48.

3
adiuvō, iūvī, iūtus, 1, a.

to give aid to; to help, aid, support, 5, 345; encourage, stimulate, incite further, 12, 210.

3
applicō, āvī or uī, ātus or itus, 1, a.

to fold upon; join to; impel, drive to, 1.616; fasten, nail to, 12.303. (ad and plicō)

3
Aeolius, a, um

(adj.), pertaining to Aeolus; Aeolian, 5.791.

3
Aetōlus, a, um

(adj.), Aetolian, 11.428; Aetōla urbs, Arpi in Apulia, built by Diomedes, 11.239.

3
agnus, ī, m.

a lamb, 1.635.

3
amor, ōris, m.

love, affection, in all senses; the passion of love; love, affection, or esteem, in all human relations, as parental, filial, of friends, allies, etc., 4.624, et al.; of gods, 7.769; love, liking, fancy, fondness, preference, for things, 11.583, et al.; freq., the hippomanes, or bunch of flesh supposed to appear on the forehead of a new-foaled colt, and instantly devoured by the dam, unless intercepted, and used as a love-charm, 4.516; personified, Amor, ōris, m., Cupid, Love, the god of love, 1.663; pl., amōrēs, um, m., affections, love, 4.28; mutual love, 5.334. (amō)

3
āvius, a, um

pathless, 2.736; devious, unapproachable, 12.480; that cannot be tracked, inaccessible, eluding pursuit, 11.810; subst., āvium, iī, n., a devious, inaccessible place, or way, 9.58.

4
āveho, vexī, vectus, 3, a.

to carry away, 2.179; (pass.), āvectus esse, to have sailed away, departed, 2.43.

4
aeternus, a, um

adj. (for aeviternus), lasting, through ages; eternal; immortal, 1.36; perpetual, 4.99; (adv.), aeternum, for in aeternum, continually, eternally, 6.401; for ever, 11.98.

4
augeō, auxī, auctus, 2, a.

to cause to grow or increase; increase, 5.565; load, pile, 7.111; augment, 7.211; multiply, 9.407.

4
Arcadius, a, um

adj. (Arcadia), of Arcadia.

4
augur, uris, m., and rarely f.

a soothsayer, foretelling from any kind of sign; augur, diviner, prophet, 4.376.

4
ausum, ī, n.

a daring deed; outrage, 2.535.

4
agrestis, e

adj. (ager), pertaining to the fields or country; country-, rustic, rural, 3.34; wild, 7.111; subst., agrestis, is, m., a rustic, 7.504; husbandman.

4
apis (-ēs), is, f.

a bee, 1.430, et al.

4
adiciō, iēcī, iectus, 3, a.

to throw to or upon; add, join, 12.837. (ad and iaciō)

4
arātrum, ī, n.

a plow, 5.755, et al. (arō)

4
Avernus, a, um

of Avernus (a lake near Naples, between Baiae and Cumae, in Campania, now Lago d’ Averno. Near it was one of the entrances to Hades), Avernian, 4.512; 6.118.

4
Abās, antis, m.

1. The twelfth king of Argos, grandson of Danaus, 3.286. 2. A Trojan, follower of Aeneas, 1.121. 3. An Etruscan, 10.427.

4
antequam (or separated, ante quam)

(adv.), before that; sooner than.

4
advolō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.

to fly to, fly, 10.511; hasten, run up, speed, 10.896.

4
adventō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. n.

to come rapidly nearer; to approach, draw near, 5.328; 6.258. (adveniō)

4
aēnus, a, um

adj. (aes), of bronze; brazen, 2.470; subst., aēnum, ī, n., a bronze or brazen vessel; caldron, 1.213, et al.

4
aliēnus, a, um

adj. (alius), pertaining to another, another’s; strange; foreign, 4.311; intended for another, 10.781; not one’s own.

4
alveus, ī, m.

a cavity, hollow; the hollow trunk of a tree; (meton.), a boat, 6.412. (alvus)

4
adfīgō, fīxī, fīxus, 3, a.

to fasten to, put to, 9.536; perf. p. pass., clinging to, 5.852.

4
artifex, icis, m.

an artist, 1.455; artificis scelus, the iniquity of the deceiver = the accursed falsifier, 11.407; subtle schemer, artful deviser, 2.125. (ars and faciō)

4
appellō, pulī, pulsus, 3, a.

to drive to; bring, convey to, 1.377; draw up to, moor on the shore, 7.39. (ad and pellō)

4
abdūcō, dūxī, ductus, 3, a.

to lead away; remove, take away, 3.601; take away by force, 7.362; draw back, 5.428.

4
Aetna, ae, f.

a volcanic mountain on the eastern coast of Sicily, 3.579.

4
aestuō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.

to glow, to be dried up or parched; boil up; heave, foam, 6.297; fume, 8.258; rage, seethe, 12.666. (aestus)

4
ancora, ae, f.

an anchor, 1.169.

4
arduum, uī, n.

a high place; height, 5.695; 7.562.

4
adflō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to blow upon; breathe upon, 5.739; blast, 2.649; inspire, 6.50; impart, 1.591.

4
Aeacidēs, ae, m.

a son or descendant of Aeacus. 1. Achilles, as the grandson of Aeacus, 1.99. 2. Pyrrhus, the son of Achilles, 3.296. 3. Perseus, their descendant, king of Macedon, 6.839.

4
adōrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to pray to; supplicate, worship, adore, 1.48.

4
Androgeōs, eō, and Androgeus, eī, m.

1. Androgeus, a son of the Cretan king Minos, murdered by the Athenians, 6.20. 2. A Greek chief at Troy, 2.371.

4
alacer (alacris, m., 5.380), cris, cre

(adj.), lively; active, eager; bold, darting, exulting, 10.729; joyful, 5.380.

5
Asīlās, ae, m.

1. A Trojan warrior, 9.571. 2. An Etruscan chief and soothsayer, 10.175.

5
accelerō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to hasten; make haste, 5.675. (ad and celerō)

5
adsuēscō, suēvī, suētus, 3, a. and n.

to accustom to, make familiar, habituate to; with dat., acc. and dat., and infin., to get or become accustomed, be wont, learn; with abl., 7.746; adsuēscere bella animīs, instead of adsuēscere animōs bellīs, to cherish war in the heart, 6.832.

5
arguō, uī, ūtus, 3, a.

to make clear; to manifest, show, betray, 4.13; prove, 9.282; accuse, 11.384.

5
advehō, vexī, vectus, 3, a.

to carry or convey to; (pass.), advehī, sail to, 1.558; 3.108; foll. by acc., 8.136.

5
Ārdea, ae, f.

Ardea, the chief town of the Rutulians, 7.411.

5
agricola, ae, m.

one who cultivates the land; a husbandman, 2.628. (ager and colō)

5
Agamemnonius, a, um

(adj.), pertaining to Agamemnon; Agamemnonian, Argive, Greek, 4.471.

5