Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid
ā, ab, abs

(prep. with abl.), from, in relations of space, time, source, cause, and agency; from, 1.371; following a substantive directly, with ellipsis of participle, 1.160; at, on, to, 7.106; from the direction, on the side of, 5.19; in respect to, 11.174; according to, 9.235; from a period or point of time, 2.87; since, after, 1.730; (of persons), by, 2.429; ā tergō, from the rear, behind, 1.186; ab ūsque, as far as from, even from, 7.289. In composition, ab is unchanged before vowels and before i(= j), h, b, d, l, n, r, s; becomes abs before c, q, t, as before p; ā in āfui from absum; and au is used in auferō, from ab and ferō, and in aufugiō, from ab and fugiō.

197
Abaris, is, m.

a Rutulian warrior, 9.344.

1
Abās, antis, m.

1. The twelfth king of Argos, grandson of Danaus, 3.286. 2. A Trojan, follower of Aeneas, 1.121. 3. An Etruscan, 10.427.

4
abdō, didī, ditus, 3, a.

to put away; with the point or place where, in the abl. alone or with a prep., the acc. with prep., or the dative; to hide, shut up, 1.60; to bury, plunge, thrust, 2.553.

6
abdūcō, dūxī, ductus, 3, a.

to lead away; remove, take away, 3.601; take away by force, 7.362; draw back, 5.428.

4
Abella, ae, f.

Abella, a town in Campania, N.E. of Naples, 7.740.

1
abeō, īvī, or iī, itus, īre, irreg. n.

to go away, depart, 2.675; go off, go aside, turn off, 5.162; pass into, sink into, 9.700; go forward, take the lead, 5.318; retreat, 2.382; change or be transformed.

20
abiciō, iēcī, iectus, 3, a.

to cast off, away or down, 10.736. (ab and iaciō)

1
abies, etis (often trisyll. in the oblique cases), f.

a fir tree; fir wood or fir timber, 2.16; (meton.), a ship, 8.91; a lance, 11.667.

6
abigō, ēgī, āctus, 3, a.

to drive off or away from, i.e. beyond (others in), 8.407; drive away, 11.261. (ab and agō)

2
abitus, ūs, m.

a departure, 8.214; a passage, or outlet, 9.380. (abeō)

1
abiūrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to swear off; deny upon oath; deny, disavow, 8.263.

1
abluō, luī, lūtus, 3, a.

to wash away, 9.818; cleanse, purify, wash, 2.720.

3
abnegō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to deny, refuse, with acc. and dat., 7.424, with inf., 2.637; alone, 2.654.

3
abnuō, nuī, nuitus or nūtus, 3, a. and n.

to shake the head in dissent; refuse, with acc., 4.108; reject, 5.531; forbid, with acc. and inf., 10.8.

3
aboleō, ēvī, itus, 2, a.

to cause to wane or waste; to destroy, 4.497; cleanse, efface, wipe out, 11.789; obliterate the memory of, 1.720.

3
abolēscō, olēvī, 2, inc. n.

to decay, 7.232. (aboleō)

1
abripiō, ripuī, reptus, 3, a.

to take away violently; snatch, carry away, 1.108; 4.600. (ab and rapiō)

2
abrumpō, rūpī, ruptus, 3, a.

to break off, away, or tear away from, 9.118; tear asunder, rend, 3.199; end suddenly or abruptly, 4.388; put an end to, 4.631; violate, 3.55; p. abruptus, a, um, having burst, bursting, breaking forth, subst., abruptum, ī, n., anything broken off; a precipice; abyss, chasm, 3.422; in abruptum, headlong, 12.687.

9
abrumpō, rūpī, ruptus, 3, a.

to break off, away, or tear away from, 9.118; tear asunder, rend, 3.199; end suddenly or abruptly, 4.388; put an end to, 4.631; violate, 3.55; p. abruptus, a, um, having burst, bursting, breaking forth, subst., abruptum, ī, n., anything broken off; a precipice; abyss, chasm, 3.422; in abruptum, headlong, 12.687.

2
abscessus, ūs, m.

a going away, retreat, 10.445. (abscēdō, to go away)

1
abscīdō, cīdī, cīsus, 3, a.

to cut off, 12.511. (abs and caedō)

1
abscindō, scidī, scissus, 3, a.

to tear off, away, from, 5.685; separate, 3.418; tear, 4.590.

3
abscondō, condī and condidī, ditus, 3, a.

to put out of sight, hide, conceal; to conceal, 4.337; lose sight of, withdraw from, 3.291.

2
absēns, entis

(adj.), absent, 4.83. (absum)

2
absistō, abstitī, 3, n.

to stand off or away from, followed by the abl., alone or with prep.; withdraw from, 6.259; fly, dart from, 12.102; (with infin.), desist, cease, 6.399; (alone), stop, cease, 1.192.

11
abstineō, uī, tentus, 2, a. and n.

to hold or keep off from, or abstain from, with abl., 7.618; alone; abstain, restrain one's self, 2.534. (abs and teneō)

2
abstrahō, trāxī, trāctus, 3, a.

to drag or lead away, 8.263.

1
abstrūdō, trūsī, trūsus, 3, a.

to push or thrust off; to conceal, hide, 6.7.

1
absum, āfuī or abfuī, āfutūrus or abfutūrus, abesse, irreg. n.

to be away; to be absent, 2.620; distant, 11.907; to be wanting, missing, 1.584; inf., āfore, or abfore, will be wanting, 8.147.

19
absūmō, sūmpsī, sūmptus, 3, a.

to take away; of death, to end, destroy, 3.654; exhaust, spend, 7.301; consume, devour, 3.257; cut off, end, 1.555.

6
abundō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.

to overflow; abound; abundāns, antis, overflowing, 11.547.

1
abunde

(adv.), with genit. (abundus), sufficiently, enough, 7.552.

1
atque, or ac

(conj.), and in addition, or and besides; and, as well, and indeed, and, 1.575; freq.; even, 2.626; in comparisons, as, 4.90; than, 3.561.

106
atque, or ac

(conj.), and in addition, or and besides; and, as well, and indeed, and, 1.575; freq.; even, 2.626; in comparisons, as, 4.90; than, 3.561.

6
Acamās, antis, m.

Acamas, a son of Theseus and Phaedra, 2.262.

1
acanthus, ī, m.

the plant bear's-foot; the acanthus, 1.649.

2
Acarnān, ānis

(adj.), of Acarnania, a country between Epirus and Aetolia; Acarnanian, 5.298.

1
Acca, ae, f.

a companion of Camilla, 11.820.

3
accēdō, cessī, cessus (perf. ind., accēstis for accessistis, 1.201), 3, n.

to go or draw near to; approach, with acc. alone, 1.307. (ad and cedo)

11
accelerō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to hasten; make haste, 5.675. (ad and celerō)

5
accendō, ī, cēnsus, 3, a.

to set fire to, light up, enkindle, 5.4; enrage, exasperate, incense, 1.29; incite, rouse, 4.232. (ad and candō, rel. to candeō)

25
accessus, ūs, m.

a going near to; an access, approach, 3.570. (accēdō)

2
accīdō, cīdī, cīsus, 3, a.

to cut into, or up; cut, 2.627; eat into, devour, consume, 7.125. (ad and caedō)

2
accidō, cidī, 3, n.

to happen, 12.593. (ad and cadō)

1
accingō, cīnxī, cīnctus (pass. inf., accingier, 4.493), 3, a.

to gird on; gird, 2.614; arm, equip, 6.184; make one’s self ready; prepare, 1.210; resort to, 4.493. (ad and cingō)

11
acciō, cīvī, cītus, 4, a.

to summon, call, 11.235. (ad and cieō)

2
accipiō, cēpī, ceptus, 3, a.

to take to one’s self; to receive, 1.304; take in or up, admit, receive, 1.123; 3.79; entertain, 3.353; see, 8.155; hear, attend, listen to, learn, 2.65; heed, regard, 4.611. (ad and capiō)

62
accipiter, tris, m.

a hawk, 11.721.

1
accītus, ūs, m.

a summons, call, 1.677; used only in the abl. sing. (acciō)

1
acclīnis, e

leaning on or against, 10.835.

1
accola, ae, c.

a neighbor, 7.729. (accolō)

1
accolō, coluī, cultus, 3, a.

to dwell near or by. (ad and colō)

1
accommodō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to fit one thing to another; to buckle, gird, 2.393. (ad and commodō)

1
accommodus, a, um

fit, suitable, 11.522. (ad and commodus)

1
accubō, uī, itus, 1, n.

to lie near or by, to recline, 6.606; bend over, project. (ad and cumbō)

1
accumbō, cubuī, cubitus, 3, n.

to lay one's self down, at or upon; recline, with dat., 1.79. (accubō)

1
accumulō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to place heap on heap; heap up, load; honor, 6.885. (ad and cumulō)

1
accurrō, currī, seldom cucurrī, cursus, 3, n.

to run to; run, hasten up, 5.451. (ad and currō)

2
ācer, ācris, ācre

(adj.), sharp; (fig.), bitter, pungent, 7.291; ardent, active, strong, 1.220; brave, valiant, 8.441; spirited, full of life, life-like, 5.254; elastic, springing, 7.164; swift, nimble, fiery, 1.444; fierce, furious, 2.414; keen, urgent, 1.362.

45
acerbō, no perf., ātus, 1, a.

to embitter; to aggravate, augment, 11.407. (acerbus)

1
acerbus, a, um

harsh, bitter, in taste; (fig.), cruel, fierce, 5.462; fatal, direful, sorrowful, sad, mournful, 5.49; 6.429; pl., acerba, ōrum, n., vengeful deeds, 12.500; (adv.), acerba, harshly, savagely, fiercely, 9.794.

13
acernus, a, um

of maple; maple-, 2.112. (acer, maple)

3
acerra, ae, f.

an incense box; a censer, 5.745.

1
acervus, ī, m.

a heap, pile, 4.402.

8
Acesta, ae, f.

a town in Sicily, named after Acestes, 5.718.

1
Acestēs, ae, m.

Acestes or Segestus, the son of Crimisus, a Sicilian river god, and Egesta or Segesta, a Trojan woman, 1.195.

27
Achaemenidēs, ae, m.

Achaemenides, a companion of Ulysses, 3.614.

2
Achāicus (poet., Achāius), a, um

of Achaia; Achaean; Greek, 2.462. (Achāia)

2
Achātēs, ae, m.

Achates, a companion of Aeneas, 1.174, et al.

21
Acherōn, ontis, m.

the Acheron, a river of Hades, 6.295; (met.), the lower world, 5.99.

7
Achillēs, is (eos or ī), m.

the son of Peleus, king of Thessaly, and Thetis, daughter of Nereus, 1.468, et al.

22
Achillēus, a, um

of Achilles; Achillean, 3.326.

1
Achīvī, ōrum or um

the Greeks, the Achaeans 2.102.

9
Achīvus, a, um

Achaean; Greek, 1.488; pl. subst., Achīvī, ōrum or um, the Greeks, 2.102.

1
Acīdalius, a, um

pertaining to Venus; Acidalian, 1.720. (Acīdalia, an appellation of Venus, derived from the name of a fountain in Boeotia)

1
aciēs, ēī, f.

a sharp edge or point; edge, 2.333; an arrowhead, 11.862; the sight of the eye, 6.200; the eye, 4.643; an army in line of battle; army, 10.408; the shock, of battle, 12.662; light; pl., aciēs, the eyes, 12.558; squadrons, battalions, troops, 2.599; battles, 6.829; aciēs īnferre, to charge, 10.364.

67
aclys, ydis, f.

a dart with a thong on its shaft, 7.730.

1
Acmōn, onis, m.

a Trojan, 10.128.

1
Acoetēs, is, m.

the armor-bearer of Evander, 11.30.

2
Aconteus, eī, m.

a Latin warrior, 11.612.

2
adquīrō, quīsīvī, quīsītus, 3, a.

to seek in addition; gain, 4.175. (ad and quaerō)

1
Acragās, antis, m.

Agrigentum, a city on the southern coast of Sicily, now Girgenti, 3.703.

1
Ācrisiōnēus, a, um

pertaining to Acrisione or Danaë, daughter of Acrisius; Acrisonean, 7.410. (Ācrisiōnē)

1
Ācrisius, iī, m.

a king of Argos, son of Abas, 7.372.

1
ācriter

(adv.), sharply, fiercely; (comp.), ācrius, more vigorously.

1
Ācrōn, ōnis, m.

a Greek warrior, 10.719.

2
acta, ae, f.

the seashore; beach, shore, 5.613.

1
Actius, a, um

adj. (poet. for Actiacus, from Actium), pertaining to Actium, a promontory and town of Epirus, celebrated as the scene of the decisive victory of Augustus over Antony and Cleopatra, in B.C. 31; Actian, 3.280.

3
Actor, oris, m.

1. The name of a Trojan, 9.500. 2. The name of an Auruncian, 12.94.

3
āctus, ūs, m.

a driving or impelling; speed, swift descent, 12.687. (agō)

2
āctūtum

(adv.), promptly, immediately, 9.255. (āctus)

1
acuō, uī, ūtus, 3, a.

to make pointed; to sharpen, whet, 8.386; (fig.), stimulate, provoke, 7.330; incite, rouse.

7
acus, ūs, f.

a needle, 9.582. (acuō)

2
acūtus, a, um

sharpened, pointed, sharp, 1.45. (acuō)

10
ad

(prep. followed by acc.) 1. (In relations of place), to, towards, at, by, near, before, freq., present with, among, 6.481; 2. (Of time), at, just at, about, by, 4.513, et al.; 3. (In other relations), in one’s esteem, with, 12.648; ad ūnum, even to a single one, to the last one, to a man, 5.687; ad ūsque, as far as, 11.262, et al.

322
adamās, antis, m.

that which cannot be overcome; the hardest iron, steel, adamant, 6.552.

1
Adamastus, ī, m.

the father of Achaemenides, 3.614.

1
addēnseō, ēre, and addēnsō, āre, a.

to make compact; close up, 10.432.

1
addīcō, dīxī, dictus, 3, a.

to pronounce for; assign to; give up to, 3.653.

1