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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

TROCHAIC VERSE

620. The most common form of Trochaic verse is the Tetrameter Catalectic (Septēnārius), consisting of four dipodies, the last of which lacks a syllable. There is regularly diæresis after the fourth foot:—

In musical notation:—

    ád tē advĕ´nĭō, spém, sălū´tem, || consĭlĭum, aúxĭlĭum éxpĕtē´ns.

        Ter. And. 319 .

In English verse:—

Téll me nót in moúrnful númbers || lífe is bút an émpty dreám.

        Longfellow.

a. In the stricter form of the Septenarius substitutions are allowed only in the even feet, but in comedy the tribrach [acutebreve] ˘ ˘, or an irrational spondee [acutemacr] >, cyclic dactyl [acutemacr] ˘˘, or apparent anapæst [acutebreve] ˘ >, may be substituted for any of the first six feet; a tribrach for the seventh:—

    ĭ´tĭdem hăbét pĕtă|sum ác vestī´tum: || támcōnsĭ´mĭlist | átque ĕgŏ´.

    sū´ră, pē´s, stă|tū´ră, tō´nsŭs, || ŏ´cŭlī, nā´sum, | vél lăbră´,

    mā´lae, méntum, | bárbă, cóllus; || tō´tus! quíd ver|bī´s ŏpúst?

    sī´ tergúm cĭ|cā´trīcō´sum, || nihíl hōc sĭ´mĭlist | sĭ´mĭlĭŭ´s.

    — Pl. Am. 443-446.

The metrical scheme of these four verses is as follows:—

b. The Trochaic Tetrameter Acatalectic (Octōnārius), consisting of four complete dipodies, occurs in the lyrical parts of comedy.

Substitutions as in the Septenarius are allowed except in the last foot.

c. Some other forms of trochaic verse are found in the lyric poets, in eombination with other feet, either as whole lines or parts of lines:—

    nō´n ĕbúr nè|que aúrĕŭ´m. [Dimeter Catalectic.]

    mĕā´ rĕnī´|dĕt ín dŏmō´ | lăcū´nă´r. [Iambic Trimeter Catalectic.]

    —Hor Od. 2.18.

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