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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Other Dactylic Verses

617. Other dactylic verses or half-verses are occasionally used by the lyric poets.

a. The Dactylic Tetrameter alternates with the hexameter, forming the Alcmanian Strophe, as follows:—

    ō for|tēs pê|iōrăquĕ | passī

    mēcum | saepĕ vĭ|rī, || nunc | vīnō | pellĭtĕ | cūrās;

    crās in|gēns ĭtĕ|rābĭmŭs | aequŏr.

    — Hor. Od. 1.7 (so 28; Ep. 12).

b. The Dactylic Penthemim (five half-feet) consists of half a pentameter verse. It is used in combination with the Hexameter to form the First Archilochian Strophe:—

    diffū|gērĕ nĭ|vēs, || rĕdĕ|unt iam | grāmĭnă | campīs,

    arbŏrĭ|busquĕ cŏ|mae;

    mūtat | terră vĭ|cēs || et | dēcrēs|centĭă | rīpās

    flūmĭnă | praetĕrĕ|unt.— Hor. Od. 4.7.

For the Fourth Archilochian Strophe (Archilochian heptameter, alternating with iambic trimeter catalectic), see § 626. 11.

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