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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

QUANTITY/ Perfects and Perfect Participles

605. Perfects and Perfect Participles of two syllables have the first syllable long: as, iūvī, iūtum (iŭvō), vīdī, vīsum (vĭdeō); fūgī (fŭgiō); vēnī (vĕniō).

Exceptions.bĭbī, dĕdī, fĭdī, scĭdī, stĕtī, stĭtī, tŭlī; cĭtum, dătum, ĭtum, lĭtum, quĭtum, rătum, rŭtum, sătum, sĭtum, stătum. In some compounds of stō, stātum is found (long), as praestātum.

a. In reduplicated perfects the vowel of the reduplication is short; the vowel of the following syllable is, also, usually short: as, cĕcĭdī (cădō), dĭdĭcī (discō), pŭpŭgī (pungō), cŭcŭrrī (currō), tĕtĕndī (tendō), mŏmŏrdī (mordeō). But cĕcīdī from caedō, pepēdī from pēdō.

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