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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Declaratory Sentences in Indirect Sequence

581. The Subject Accusative of the Infinitive is regularly expressed in Indirect Discourse, even if it is wanting in the direct:

    ōrātor sum, I am an orator; dīcit esse ōrātōrem, he says he is an orator.

Note 1— But the subject is often omitted if easily understood:—

    īgnōscere imprūdentiae dīxit (B. G. 4.27), he said he pardoned their rashness.

    eadem ab aliīs quaerit: reperit esse vēra (id. 1.18), he inquires about these same things from others; he finds that they are true.

Note 2— After a relative, or quam (than), if the verb would be the same as that of the main clause, it is usually omitted, and its subject is attracted into the accusative:—

    tē suspicor eīsdem rēbus quibus mē ipsum commovērī (Cat. M. 1), I suspect that you are disturbed by the same things as I.

    cōnfīdō tamen haec quoque tibi nōn minus grāta quam ipsōs librōs futūra (Plin. Ep. 3.5.20), I trust that these facts too will be no less pleasing to you than the books themselves.

Note 3— In poetry, by a Greek idiom, a Predicate Noun or Adjective in the indirect discourse sometimes agrees with the subject of the main verb:—

    vir bonus et sapiēns ait esse parātus (Hor. Ep. 1.7.22), a good and wise man says he is prepared, etc. [In prose: ait sē esse parātum.]

    sēnsit mediōs dēlāpsus in hostīs (Aen. 2.377), he found himself fallen among the foe. [In prose: sē esse dēlāpsum.]

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