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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

FORMAL INDIRECT DISCOURSE

579. Verbs and other expressions of knowing, thinking, telling, and perceiving,1 govern the Indirect Discourse.

Note— Inquam, said I (etc.) takes the Direct Discourse except in poetry.

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Notes
1
Such are: (1) knowing, sciō, cōgnōscō, compertum habeō, etc.; (2) thinking, putō, exīstimō, arbitror, etc.; (3) telling, dīcō, nūntiō, referō, polliceor, prōmittō, certiōrem faciō , etc.; (4) perceiving, sentiō, comperiō, videō, audiō, etc. So in general any word that denotes thought or mental and visual perception or their expression may govern the Indirect Discourse.