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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Substantive Clauses of Result (Consecutive Clauses)

571. A substantive clause of result may serve as predicate nominative after mōs est and similar expressions:—

    est mōs hominum, ut nōlint eundem plūribus rēbus excellere (Brut. 84), it is the way of men to be unwilling for one man to excel in several things.

a. A result clause, with or without ut, frequently follows quam after a comparative (but see § 583. c ):—

    Canachī sīgna rigidiōra sunt quam ut imitentur vēritātem (Brut. 70), the statues of Canachus are too stiff to represent nature (stiffer than that they should).

    perpessus est omnia potius quam indicāret (Tusc. 2.52), he endured all rather than betray, etc. [Regularly without ut except in Livy.]

b. The phrase tantum abest, it is so far [from being the case], regularly takes two clauses of result with ut: one is substantive, the subject of abest; the other is adverbial, correlative with tantum:—

    tantum abest ut nostra mīrēmur, ut ūsque eō difficilēs ac mōrōsī sīmus, ut nōbīs nōn satis faciat ipse Dēmosthenēs (Or. 104)so far from admiring my own works, I am difficult and captious to that degree that not Demosthenes himself satisfies me. [Here the first ut- clause is the subject of abest (§ 569. 2); the second, a result clause after tantum (§ 537); and the third, after ūsque eō.]

c. Rarely, a thought or an idea is considered as a result, and is expressed by the subjunctive with ut instead of the accusative and infinitive (§ 580). In this case a demonstrative usually precedes:

    praeclārum illud est, ut eōs ... amēmus (Tusc. 3.73), this is a noble thing, that we should love, etc.

    vērī simile nōn est ut ille antepōneret (Verr. 4.11), it is not likely that he preferred.

For Relative Clauses with quīn after verbs of hindering etc., see § 558.

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