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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar


562. Substantive Clauses are classified as follows:—

  1. Subjunctive Clauses (ut, , ut nōn, etc.).

    a. Of purpose (command, wish, fear) (§§ 563, 564).

    b. Of result (happen, effect, etc.) (§ 568).

  2. Indicative Clauses with quod: Fact, Specification, Feeling (§ 572).
  3. Indirect Questions: Subjunctive, introduced by an Interrogative Word (§§ 573 - 576).
  4. Infinitive Clauses
  5. a. With verbs of ordering, wishing, etc. (§ 563).

    b. Indirect Discourse (§ 579 ff.).

Note 1— The Infinitive with Subject Accusative is not strictly a clause, but in Latin it has undergone so extensive a development that it may be so classed. The uses of the Infinitive Clause are of two kinds: (1) in constructions in which it replaces a subjunctive clause with ut etc.; (2) in the Indirect Discourse. The first class will be discussed in connection with the appropriate subjunctive constructions (§ 563); for Indirect Discourse, see § 579 ff.

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