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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar


559. A clause of Result or Characteristic may be introduced by quīn after a general negative, where quīn is equivalent to quī (quae, quod) nōn:—

  1. Clauses of Result:—

      nēmō est tam fortis quīn [= quī nōn] reī novitāte perturbētur (B. G. 6.39), no one is so brave as not to be disturbed by the unexpected occurrence.

      nēmō erat adeō tardus quīn putāret (B. C. 1.69), no one was so slothful as not to think, etc.

      quis est tam dēmēns quīn sentiat (Balb. 43), who is so senseless as not to think, etc.?

      nīl tam difficilest quīn quaerendō investīgārī possiet (Ter. Haut. 675), nothing's so hard but search will find it out (Herrick).

  2. Clauses of Characteristic:—

      nēmō nostrum est quīn [= quī nōn] sciat (Rosc. Am. 55), there is no one of us who does not know.

      nēmō fuit mīlitum quīn vulnerārētur (B. C. 3.53), there was not one of the soldiers who was not wounded.

      ecquis fuit quīn lacrimāret (Verr. 5.121), was there any one who did not shed tears?

      quis est quīn intellegat (Fin. 5.64), who is there who does not understand?

      hōrum nihil est quīn [= quod nōn] intereat (N. D. 3.30), there is none of these (elements) which does not perish.

      nihil est illōrum quīn [= quod nōn] ego illī dīxerim (Pl. Bac. 1012), there is nothing of this that I have not told him.

Note— Quīn sometimes introduces a pure clause of result with the sense of ut nōn: as, numquam tam male est Siculīs quīn aliquid facētē et commodē dīcant (Verr. 4.95), things are never so bad with the Sicilians but that they have something pleasant or witty to say.

For quīn in independent constructions. see § 449. b.

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