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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Dum, Dōnec, Quoad

554. Dōnec and quoad, until, with the Perfect Indicative denote an actual fact in past time:—

    dōnec rediit silentium fuit(Liv. 23.31.9), there was silence until he returned.

    ūsque eō timuī dōnec ad rêiciendōs iūdicēs vēnimus (Verr. 2.1.17), I was anxious until the moment when we came to challenge the jurors.

    Rōmae fuērunt quoad L. Metellus in prōvinciam profectus est (id. 2.62), they remained at Rome until Lucius Metellus set out for the province.

Note— Dum, until, with the Perfect Indicative is rare: as, —mānsit in condiciōne ūsque ad eum fīnem dum iūdicēs rêiectī sunt (Verr. 1.16), he remained true to the agreement until the jurors were challenged.

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