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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar


532. The principal clause, on which a final clause depends, is often to be supplied from the context:—

ac nē longum sit ... iussimus(Cat. 3.10), and, not to be tedious, we ordered, etc. [Strictly, in order not to be tedious, I say we ordered. ]

sed ut ad Dionȳsium redeāmus (Tusc. 5.63), but to return to Dionysius.

sed ut eōdem revertar, causa haec fuit timōris (Fam. 6.7.3), but, to return to the same point, this was the cause of fear.

satis incōnsīderātī fuit, nē dīcam audācis(Phil. 13.12), it was the act of one rash enough, not to say daring.

Note 1— By a similar ellipsis the Subjunctive is used with nēdum (sometimes ), still less, not to mention that:

nēdum salvī esse possīmus (Clu. 95), much less could we be safe.

nēdum istī nōn statim conquīsītūrī sint aliquid sceleris et flāgitī (Leg. Agr. 2.97), far more will they hunt up at once some sort of crime and scandal.

nēdum in marī et viā sit facile (Fam. 16.8), still less is it easy at sea and on a journey.

quippe secundae rēs sapientium animōs fatīgant; illī corruptīs mōribus victōriae temperārent (Sall. Cat. 11), for prosperity overmasters the soul even of the wise; much less did they with their corrupt morals put any check on victory.

Note 2— With nēdum the verb itself is often omitted: as, aptius hūmānitātī tuae quam tōta Peloponnēsus, nēdum Patrae (Fam. 7.28.1), fitter for your refinement than all Peloponnesus , to say nothing of Patræ.

For Substantive Clauses involving purpose, see §§ 563 - 566.

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