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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Conditional Relative Clauses

520. The special constructions of General Conditions are sometimes found in Conditional Relative Clauses:—

  1. The Second Person Singular of the Subjunctive in the protasis with the Indicative of a general truth in the apodosis (§ 518. a):—

      bonus tantum modo sēgnior fit ubi neglegās, at malus improbior (Iug. 31.28), a good man merely becomes less diligent when you don't watch him, but a bad man becomes more shameless. [Present General Condition.]

  2. The Perfect or Pluperfect Indicative in the protasis and the Present or Imperfect Indicative in the apodosis (§ 518. b):—
    1. cum hūc vēnī, hōc ipsum nihil agere mē dēlectat (De Or. 2.24), whenever I come here, this very doing nothing delights me (whenever I have come, etc.). [Present General Condition.]

      cum rosam vīderat, tum incipere vēr arbitrābātur (Verr. 5.27), whenever he saw (had seen) a rose, then he thought spring was beginning. [Past General Condition.]

  3. In later writers (rarely in Cicero and Cæsar) the Imperfect or Pluperfect Subjunctive in the protasis and the Imperfect Indicative in the apodosis (§ 518. c):—
    1. ubi imbēcillitās māteriae postulāre vidērētur, pīlae interpōnuntur (B. C. 2.16), wherever the weakness of the timber seemed to require, piles were put between. [Past General Condition: interpōnuntur = interpōnēbantur.]

      quōcumqueintulisset, victōriam sēcum trahēbat (Liv. 6.8), wherever he advanced, he carried victory with him. [Past General Condition.]

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