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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar


509. The Supine in -um is used after verbs of motion to express purpose. It may take an object in the proper case:—

    quid est, īmusne sessum? etsī admonitum vēnimus tē, nōn flāgitātum (De Or. 3.17), how now, shall we be seated? though we have come to remind, not to entreat you.

    nūptum dare (collocāre), to give in marriage.

    vēnērunt questum iniūriās (Liv. 3.25), they came to complain of wrongs.

Note 1— The supine in -um is especially common with , and with the passive infinitive īrī forms the future infinitive passive:—

    fuēre cīvēs quī rem pūblicam perditum īrent (Sall. Cat. 36), there were citizens who went about to ruin the republic.

    sī scīret sē trucīdātum īrī (Div. 2.22), if he (Pompey) had known that he was going to be murdered. [Rare except in Cicero. For the more usual way of expressing the future passive infinitive, see § 569. 3. a.]

Note 2— The supine in -um is occasionally used when motion is merely implied.

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