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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Uses of Participles

494. The Present and Perfect Participles are sometimes used as attributives, nearly like adjectives:—

    aeger et flagrāns animus (Tac. Ann. 3.54), his sick and passionate mind.

    cum antīquissimam sententiam tum comprobātam (Div. 1.11), a view at once most ancient and well approved.

    sīgna numquam ferē mentientia (id. 1.15), signs hardly ever deceitful.

    auspiciīs ūtuntur coāctīs (id. 1.27), they use forced auspices.

a. Participles often become complete adjectives, and may be compared, or used as nouns:—

    quō mulierī esset rēs cautior (Caec. 11), that the matter might be more secure for the woman.

    in illīs artibus praestantissimus (De Or. 1.217), preëminent in those arts.

    sibi indulgentēs et corporī dēservientēs (Legg. 1.39), the self-indulgent, and slaves to the body (indulging themselves and serving the body).

    rēctē facta paria esse dēbent (Par. 22), right deeds (things rightly done) ought to be like in value (see § 321. b).

    male parta male dīlābuntur (Phil. 2.65), ill got, ill spent (things ill acquired are ill spent).

    cōnsuētūdō valentis (De Or. 2.186), the habit of a man in health.

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