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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Distinctions of Tense in Participles

490. The Present Participle has several of the special uses of the Present Indicative. Thus it may denote—

  1. An action continued in the present but begun in the past (§ 466):

      quaerentī mihi iam diū certa rēs nūlla veniēbat in mentem (Fam. 4.13), though I had long sought, no certain thing came to my mind.

  2. Attempted action (§ 467):—

      C. Flāminiō restitit agrum Pīcentem dīvidentī (Cat. M. 11), he resisted Flaminius when attempting to divide the Picene territory.

  3. Rarely (in poetry and later Latin) futurity or purpose, with a verb of motion:—

      Eurypylum scītantem ōrācula mittimus (Aen. 2.114), we send Eurypylus to consult the oracle. [Cf. § 468 .]

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