A TEI Project

Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Special Uses of the Perfect

476. The completed tenses of some verbs are equivalent to the incomplete tenses of verbs of kindred meaning.

Such are the preteritive verbs ōdī, I hate; meminī, I remember; nōvī, I know; cōnsuēvī, I am accustomed,1 with others used preteritively, as vēnerat (= aderat, he was at hand, etc.), cōnstitērunt, they stand firm (have taken their stand), and many inceptives (see § 263. 1):—

    quī diēs aestūs maximōs efficere cōnsuēvit (B. G. 4.29), which day generally makes the highest tides (is accustomed to make).

    cûius splendor obsolēvit (Quinct. 59), whose splendor is now all faded.

Note— Many other verbs are occasionally so used: as, —dum oculōs certāmen āverterat (Liv. 32.24), while the contest had turned their eyes (kept them turned). [Here āverterat = tenēbat.]


XML File

Cf. dētestor , reminīscor , sciō , soleō .