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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Present for Future

468. The Present, especially in colloquial language and poetry, is often used for the Future:—

    īmusne sessum (De Or. 3.17), shall we take a seat? (are we going to sit?)

    hodiē uxōrem dūcis (Ter. And. 321), are you to be married to-day?

    quod sī fit, pereō funditus (id. 244), if this happens, I am utterly undone.

    ecquid mē adiuvās (Clu. 71), won't you give me a little help?

    in iūs vocō tē. nōn . nōn īs (Pl. Asin. 480), I summon you to the court. I won't go. You won't?

Note— and its compounds are especially frequent in this use (cf. where are you going to-morrow? and the Greek εἶμι in a future sense).Verbs of necessity, possibility, wish, and the like (as possum, volō, etc.) also have reference to the future.

For other uses of the Present in a future sense, see under Conditions (§ 516. a. N.), antequam and priusquam (§ 551. c), dum (§ 553. N. 2), and § 444. a. N.


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