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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Adverbs and Prepositions

433. Prepositions often retain their original meaning as Adverbs:—

  1. Ante and post in relations of time:—

    quōs paulō ante dīximus (Brut. 32), whom I mentioned a little while ago.

    post tribus diēbus, three days after (cf. § 424. f).

  2. Adversus, circiter, prope:—

    nēmō adversus ībat (Liv. 37.13.8), no one went out in opposition.

    circiter pars quārta (Sall. Cat. 56), about the fourth part.

    prope exanimātus, nearly lifeless.

  3. Ā or ab, off, in expressions of distance, with the Ablative of Degree of Difference (§ 414):—
  4. ā mīlibus passuum circiter duōbus Rōmānōrum adventum exspectābant (B. G. 5.32), at a distance of about two miles (about two miles off) they awaited the approach of the Romans.

  5. In general, prepositions ending in :—

    Aeolus haec contrā (Aen. 1.76), thus Æolus in reply.

    forte fuit iūxtā tumulus (id. 3.22), there happened to be a mound close by.

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