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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

TIME AND PLACE/ Time

423. Time when, or within which, is expressed by the Ablative; time how long by the Accusative.

  1. Ablative:—

    cōnstitūtā diē, on the appointed day; prīmā lūce, at daybreak.

    quotā hōrā, at what o'clock? tertiā vigiliā, in the third watch.

    tribus proximīs annīs (Iug. 11), within the last three years.

    diēbus vīgintī quīnque aggerem exstrūxērunt (B. G. 7.24), within twenty-five days they finished building a mound.

  2. Accusative:—

    diēs continuōs trīgintā, for thirty days together.

    cum trīduum iter fēcisset (B. G. 2.16), when he had marched three days.

Note— The Ablative of Time is locative in its origin (§ 421); the Accusative is the same as that of the extent of space (§ 425).

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