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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Ablative of Accompaniment

413. Accompaniment is denoted by the Ablative, regularly with cum :—

cum coniugibus ac līberīs (Att. 8.2.3), with wives and children.

cum funditōribus sagittāriīs que flūmen trānsgressī (B. G. 2.19), having crossed the river with the archers and slingers.

quae supplicātiō sī cum cēterīs cōnferātur (Cat. 3.15), if this thanksgiving be compared with others.

quae [lēx] esse cum tēlō vetat (Mil. 11), the law which forbids [one] to go armed (be with a weapon).

sī sēcum suōs ēdūxerit (Cat. 1.30), if he leads out with him his associates. [For sēcum, see § 144. b. N.1.]

a. The ablative is used without cum in some military phrases, and here and there by early writers:—

subsequēbātur omnibus cōpiīs (B. G. 2.19), he followed close with all his forces. [But also cum omnibus cōpiīs, id. 1.26.]

hōc praesidiō profectus est (Verr. 2.1.86), with this force he set out.

Note— Misceō and iungō, with some of their compounds, and cōnfundō take either (1) the Ablative of Accompaniment with or without cum, or (2) sometimes the Dative (mostly poetical or late):—

    mixta dolōre voluptās (B. Al. 56), pleasure mingled with pain.

    cûius animum cum suō misceat (Lael. 81), whose soul he may mingle with his own.

    flētumque cruōrī miscuit (Ov. M. 4.140), and mingled tears with blood.

    Caesar eās cohortīs cum exercitū suō coniūnxit (B. C. 1.18), Cæsar united those cohorts with his own army.

    āēr coniūnctus terrīs (Lucr. 5.562), air united with earth.

    hūmānō capitī cervīcem equīnam iungere (Hor. A. P. 1), to join to a human head a horse's neck.

b. Words of Contention and the like require cum:—

armīs cum hoste certāre (Off. 3.87), to fight with the enemy in arms.

libenter haec cum Q. Catulō disputārem (Manil. 66), I should gladly discuss these matters with Quintus Catulus.

Note— But words of contention may take the Dative in poetry (see § 368. a )

 

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