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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Predicate Accusative

393. Verbs of naming, choosing, appointing, making, esteeming, showing, and the like, may take a Predicate Accusative along with the direct object:—

ō Spartace, quem enim tē potius appellem (Phil. 13.22), O Spartacus, for what else shall I call you (than Spartacus)?

Cicerōnem cōnsulem creāre, to elect Cicero consul.

mē augurem nōmināvērunt (Phil. 2.4), they nominated me for augur.

cum grātiās ageret quod sē cōnsulem fēcisset (De Or. 2.268), when he thanked him because he had made him consul (supported his candidacy).

hominem prae sē nēminem putāvit (Rosc. Am. 135) he thought nobody a man in comparison with himself.

ducem sē praebuit (Vat. 33), he offered himself as a leader.

Note— The predicate accusative may be an adjective: as, —hominēs mītīsreddidit et mānsuētōs (Inv. 1.2), has made men mild and gentle.

a. In changing from the active voice to the passive, the Predicate Accusative becomes Predicate Nominative (§ 284):—

rēx ab suīs appellātur (B. G. 8.4), he is called king by his subjects. [Active: suī eum rēgem appellant.]

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