A TEI Project

Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Dative with Adjectives

384. The Dative is used with adjectives (and a few Adverbs) of fitness, nearness, likeness, service, inclination, and their opposites:1

nihil est tam nātūrae aptum (Lael. 17), nothing is so fitted to nature.

nihil difficile amantī putō (Or. 33), I think nothing hard to a lover.

idōneum locum dēlēgit (B. G. 1.49), he selected a place suitable for a camp.

tribūnī nōbīs sunt amīcī (Q. Fr. 1.2.16), the tribunes are friendly to us.

esse propitius potest nēminī(N. D. 1.124), he can be gracious to nobody.

māgnīs autem virīs prosperae semper omnēs rēs (id. 2.167), but to great men everything is always favorable.

sēdēs huic nostrō nōn importūna sermōnī (De Or. 3.18), a place not unsuitable for this conversation of ours.

cui fundō erat affīnis M. Tullius (Tull. 14), to which estate Marcus Tullius was next neighbor.

convenienter nātūrae vīvere (Off. 3.13),to live in accordance with nature (ὁμολογουμένως τῇ φύσει).

Note 1— So, also, in poetic and colloquial use, with īdem: as, —invītum quī servat idem facit occīdentī (Hor. A. P. 467), he who saves a man against his will does the same as one who kills him.

Note 2— Adjectives of likeness are often followed by atque (ac), as. So also the adverbs aequē, pariter, similiter, etc. The pronoun īdem has regularly atque or a relative:—

sī parem sapientiam habet ac formam (Plaut. Mil. 1251), if he has sense equal to his beauty (like as his beauty).

tē suspicor eīsdem rēbus quibus mē ipsum commovērī (Cat. M. 1), I suspect you are disturbed by the same things by which I am.

XML File

Adjectives of this kind are accommodātus , aptus ; amīcus , inimīcus , īnfestus , invīsus , molestus ; idōneus , opportūnus , proprius ; ūtilis , inūtilis ; affīnis , fīnitimus , propinquus , vīcīnus ; pār , dispār , similis , dissimilis ; iūcundus , grātus ; nōtus , īgnōtus , and others.