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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Dative of Reference

379. The Dative of Reference is used idiomatically without any verb in colloquial questions and exclamations:—

quō mihi fortūnam (Hor. Ep. 1.5.12), of what use to me is fortune?

unde mihi lapidem (Hor. S. 2.7.116), where can I get a stone?

quō tibi, Tillī (id. 1.6.24), what use for you , Tillius?

a. The dative of reference is sometimes used after interjections:

ei (hei) mihi (Aen. 2.274), ah me!

vae victī (Liv. 5.48), woe to the conquered.

em tibi, there, take that (there for you)! [Cf. § 380 .]

Note To express FOR—meaning instead of, in defence of, in behalf of —the ablative with prō is used:—

prō patriā morī (Hor. Od. 3.2.13), to die for one's country.

ego ībō prō tē (Plaut. Most. 1131), I will go instead of you.

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