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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Partitive Genitive

346. Words denoting a Part are followed by the Genitive of the Whole to which the part belongs.

a. Partitive words, followed by the genitive, are—

  1. Nouns or Pronouns (cf. also 3 below):—

      pars mīlitum, part of the soldiers. quis nostrum, which of us?

      nihil erat reliquī, there was nothing left.

      nēmō eōrum (B. G. 7.66), not a man of them.

      māgnam partem eōrum interfēcērunt (id. 2.23), they killed a large part of them.

  2. Numerals, Comparatives, Superlatives, and Pronominal words like alius, alter, nūllus, etc.:—

      ūnus tribūnōrum, one of the tribunes (see c below).

      sapientum octāvus (Hor. S. 2.3.296), the eighth of the wise men.

      mīlia passuum sescenta’ (B. G. 4.3), six hundred miles (thousands of paces).

      mâior frātrum, the elder of the brothers.

      animālium fortiōra, the stronger [of] animals.

      Suēbōrum gēns est longē maxima et bellicōsissima Germānōrum omnium (B. G. 4.1), the tribe of the Suevi is far the largest and most warlike of all the Germans.

      alter cōnsulum, one of the [two] consuls.

      nūlla eārum (B.G. 4.28), not one of them (the ships).

  3. Neuter Adjectives and Pronouns, used as nouns:—

      tantum spatī, so much [of] space.

      aliquid nummōrum, a few pence (something of coins).

      id locī (or locōrum), that spot of ground; id temporis, at that time (§ 397 . a).

      plāna urbis, the level parts of the town.

      quid novī, what news? (what of new?)

      paulum frūmentī (B. C. 1.78), a little grain.

      plūs dolōris (B. G. 1.20), more grief.

      suī aliquid timōris (B. C. 2.29), some fear of his own (something of his own fear).

    Note 1— In classic prose neuter adjectives (not pronominal) seldom take a partitive genitive, except multum, tantum, quantum, and similar words.

    Note 2— The genitive of adjectives of the third declension is rarely used partitively: nihil novī (genitive), nothing new; but, nihil memorābile (nominative), nothing worth mention (not nihil memorābilis).

  4. Adverbs, especially those of Quantity and of Place:—

    parum ōtī, not much ease (too little of ease).

    satis pecūniae, money enough (enough of money).

    plūrimum tōtīus Galliae equitātū valet (B. G. 5.3), is strongest of all Gaul in cavalry.

    ubinam gentium sumus (Cat. 1.9), where in the world are we (where of nations)?

    ubicumque terrārum et gentium (Verr. 5.143), wherever in the whole world.

    rēs erat eō iam locī ut (Sest. 68), the business had now reached such a point that , etc.

    eō miseriārum (Iug. 14.3), to that [pitch] of misery.

    inde locī, next in order (thence of place). [Poetical.]

b. The poets and later writers often use the partitive genitive after adjectives, instead of a noun in its proper case:—

sequimur tē, sāncte deōrum (Aen. 4.576), we follow thee, O holy deity. [For sāncte deus (§ 49 . g. N.)]

nigrae lānārum (Plin. H. N. 8.193), black wools. [For nigrae lānae.]

expedītī mīlitum (Liv. 30.9), light-armed soldiers. [For expedītī mīlitēs.]

hominum cūnctōs (Ov. M. 4.631), all men. [For cūnctōs hominēs; cf. e.]

c. Cardinal numerals (except mīlia) regularly take the Ablative with ē (ex) or instead of the Partitive Genitive. So also quīdam, a certain one, commonly, and other words occasionally:—

ūnus ex tribūnīs, one of the tribunes. [But also, ūnus tribūnōrum (cf. a. 2).]

minumus ex illīs (Iug. 11), the youngest of them.

medius ex tribus (ib.), the middle one of the three.

quīdam ex mīlitibus, certain of the soldiers.

ūnus dē multīs (Fin. 2.66), one of the many.

paucī dē nostrīs cadunt (B. G. 1.15), a few of our men fall.

hominem dē comitibus meīs, a man of my companions.

d. Uterque, both (properly each), and quisque, each, with Nouns are regularly used as adjectives in agreement, but with Pronouns take a partitive genitive:—

uterque cōnsul, both the consuls; but, uterque nostrum, both of us.

ūnus quisque vestrum, each one of you.

utraque castra, both camps.

e. Numbers and words of quantity including the whole of any thing take a case in agreement, and not the partitive genitive. So also words denoting a part when only that part is thought of:—

nōs omnēs, all of us (we all). [Not omnēs nostrum.]

quot sunt hostēs, how many of the enemy are there?

cavē inimīcōs, quī multī sunt, beware of your enemies, who are many.

multī mīlitēs, many of the soldiers.

nēmō Rōmānus, not one Roman.

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