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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

Omission of Subject or Verb

318. The Subject of the Verb is sometimes omitted:

a. A Personal pronoun, as subject, is usually omitted unless emphatic:—

loquor, I speak. But, ego loquor, it is I that speak.

b. An indefinite subject is often omitted:— crēderēs, you would have supposed; putāmus, we (people) think; dīcunt, ferunt, perhibent, they say.

c. A passive verb is often used impersonally without a subject expressed or understood (§ 208 . d):—

diū atque ācriter pūgnātum est (B. G. 1.26), they fought long and vigorously.

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