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Allen and Greenough/ New Latin Grammar

VERBS/ Agreement of Verb and Subject

316. A Finite Verb agrees with its Subject in Number and Person:—

ego statuō, I resolve.

senātus dēcrēvit, the senate ordered.

silent lēgēs inter arma (Mil. 11), the laws are dumb in time of war.

Note— In verb-forms containing a participle, the participle agrees with the subject in gender and number (§ 286):—

ōrātiō est habita, the plea was delivered. bellum exortum est, a war arose.

a. A verb having a relative as its subject takes the person of the expressed or implied antecedent:—

adsum quī fēcī (Aen. 9.427), here am I who did it.

tū, quī scīs, omnem dīligentiam adhibēbis (Att. 5.2.3), you, who know, will use all diligence.

vidēte quam dēspiciāmur omnēs quī sumus ē mūnicipiīs (Phil. 3.15), see how all of us are scorned who are from the free towns.

b. A verb sometimes agrees in number (and a participle in the verbform in number and gender) with an appositive or predicate noun:—

amantium īrae amōris integrātiō est (Ter. And. 555), the quarrels of lovers are the renewal of love.

nōn omnis error stultitia dīcenda est (Div. 2.90), not every error should be called folly.

Corinthus lūmen Graeciae exstīnctum est (cf. Manil. 11), Corinth, the light of Greece, is put out.

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